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Addison's disease (hypocorticism) in dogs
What is Addison's disease in dogs?
Addison's disease (hypocorticism) in dogs is a disease of the adrenal glands. In dogs, the adrenal glands are located to the side of the kidneys. Form in their bark certain hormones (adrenocortical hormones) such as mineralocorticoids (z.B.B. aldosterone) and glucocorticoids (z.B. cortisol).Addison's disease is characterized by a deficiency of these adrenocortical hormones. Large breed bitches are more affected by hypocorticism. Addison's disease in dogs can be sudden (acute) or gradual (chronic).
What are the causes of Addison's disease in dogs?
The most common cause of Addison's disease in dogs is destruction of the adrenal cortex by a disturbed immune system (autoimmune disease). It is therefore also called primary adrenal insufficiency (adrenal cortical weakness). As a result of the destruction of the adrenal cortical tie, it no longer produces sufficient hormones. This causes the potassium, sodium, chlorine and water concentrations to become unbalanced.
The so-called secondary adrenal insufficiency (adrenal cortical weakness) occurs much less frequently in dogs and is caused by tumors, injuries or inflammations. Furthermore, metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus (diabetes) are associated with the occurrence of Addison's disease in dogs.
Stress and infections can lead to an Addisonian crisis: The dog is suddenly apathetic, weak and may collapse and become dehydrated (recognizable by dry, sticky mucous membranes).
Addison's crisis is an absolute emergency – the dog must go to the vet immediately!
At the Trillig Veterinary Clinic we can perform all the important blood tests in the shortest possible time in our in-house laboratory (cortisol determination, electrolytes, kidney values, etc…) and thus quickly initiate the necessary treatments (s.u.).
What are the symptoms of Addison's disease in dogs??
Dogs suffering from chronic Addison's disease appear listless, listless, and shaky, often have diarrhea, vomiting, and appetite disturbances, pain in the abdomen, and increased thirst. Blood is often found in the dog's stool. With the time it comes to heart and lung damages.
When Addison's disease occurs suddenly (acutely), the dog is apathetic, weak, has no appetite, suffers from dehydration (dehydration) and low blood prere. Furthermore, the dog may go into shock or collapse.
How is it treated?
First, in a life-threatening crisis, shock must be treated intensively and quickly. The dogs receive an infusion with an electrolyte solution, which balances the salt balance. This infusion is normally done in the intensive care unit of the veterinary hospital.
Further treatment is provided by two procedures: 1. Activation of the body's own cortosl production by injections. This is a modern and especially for the dog developed therapy. 2. Replacement of the missing endogenous cortisol (by injection or in tablets).
The permanent treatment without interruption is very important. Regular controls ensure an optimal therapy and prevent relapses and recurrence of an Addison crisis.