The Dachshund is a German breed of dog originally bred for hunting foxes and badgers underground. Other common names for the dachshund are dachshund (especially among hunters) and Dachshund. From the FCI this small dog breed is classified in group 4.
Characteristics of the Dachshund
The life expectancy of the dachshund is quite high. With a little luck, dog owners can enjoy their faithful companion for up to 15 years.
The most striking feature of the dachshund is undoubtedly the combination of elongated body and short legs. The breed standard for Dachshunds is a ratio of body length to height at withers between 1:1.7 and 1:1.8. The compact dogs have a pronounced musculature. Are very nimble despite their appearance. The head posture of the Dachshund is always upright. Its snout becomes narrower towards the front.
The coat can have many different color combinations, with dachshunds coming in a long-haired, a short-haired and a rough-haired variety.
Depending on the size of the animal, dachshunds, or dachshunds are classified as follows:
– dachshunds (about nine kilos in body weight and a chest circumference of more than 35 cm )
– Dwarf dachshunds (animals whose chest has a circumference between 30 and 35 cm)
– Rabbit dachshunds (dachshunds in which the chest circumference does not exceed 30 cm)
Dachshund temperament and character
Dachshunds are characterized by an extremely friendly nature. They do not tend to be aggressive or overly anxious. They have a self-confident character, which is important for them, especially considering their real job, hunting badgers and foxes.
Dachshunds are not only suitable as hunting dogs, but nowadays they are also popular companion dogs. However, these clever animals need a lot of attention and consistent training, which ideally should be started from an early age.
Activities with the dachshund
Dachshunds are agile animals that need sufficient activity. As a pure lap dog, which is satisfied with smaller walks, the dachshund is not suitable.
Therefore, dachshund clubs often offer special courses for dachshunds such as tracking work or mantrailing. But even apart from these offers, it is possible to keep a dachshund busy enough and to keep him happy, for example, with various exercise games or by teaching him new tricks.
Dog sports that are suitable for dachshunds include:
Unfortunately, like most purebred dogs, Dachshunds are prone to certain breed-specific diseases. In particular, herniated discs make the animals strikingly often to trouble. Responsible for this is on the one hand their long body in combination with their short legs. On the other hand, Dachshunds have relatively weak intervertebral cartilage, which further increases the risk of problems with the intervertebral discs. Furthermore, dachshunds can suffer from hypothyroidism. Feed allergies are also increasingly common in them (as in virtually all breeds of dogs).
In general, when feeding the dachshund, you should pay attention to a high-quality dog food. This not only promotes the vitality of the animal, but also reduces the risk of developing food allergies.
If there is hypothyroidism, treatment with hormones is usually unavoidable. In addition, to protect the remaining thyroid tie, it makes sense to adjust the supply of iodine in the food.
Given the increased likelihood of herniated discs, care should also be taken to ensure Dachshunds are fed a diet that meets their needs. Otherwise, they can quickly become overweight, which makes disc problems more likely.