Beaus lines: symptoms and signsBeaus lines are horizontal or transversal depressions in the nail (they can be seen in fingernails, thumbs, toenails or all nails), which can be mistaken for nail edges. This phenomenon was originally described in 1846 by French physician Joseph Honore Simon Beau. These lines are caused by diseases that affect the entire body, including malnutrition, heart attack (myocardial infarction), liver disease, severe infections (such as mumps, measles, pneumonia, and others), and metabolic disorders, including poorly controlled diabetes. Beaus lines, however, can result from any disease process or condition severe enough to affect the nail's growth plate. Malnutrition and cancer chemotherapy drugs can also cause Beau's lines. Trauma or injury can also be a cause of Beaus lines or nail ridges. The timing of the disease can be estimated by measuring the distance from the beau line to the nail bed.
– Koilonychia – Vertical ridges on the fingernails – Nail separation
Other causes of Beau's lines
– Bacterial infection – Chemotherapy – Fungal infection – Malnutrition – Medications – Severe infections – Surgery – Toxins
Medically reviewed by a physician at 09.10.2019 Symptom Examiner
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Causes of Beau's lines
Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are classified as type 1 (insulin-dependent). Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) refers to. Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
A heart attack occurs when a blood clot completely blocks a coronary artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure and electrical instability of the heart. High blood prere can damage the kidneys. Is a major cause of kidney failure (end-stage renal disease). Kidney damage such as high blood prere can go unnoticed. Be detected only by medical tests. If you have kidney disease, you should control your blood prere. Other treatment options include prescription medications.
Liver disease can be caused by a variety of things, including infections (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol or triglycerides, blockage of blood flow to the liver, and toxins (drugs and chemicals). Symptoms of liver disease depend on the cause and may include nausea, vomiting, pain in the upper right abdomen, and jaundice. Treatment depends on the cause of liver disease.
Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Treatment focuses on alleviating the symptoms. The disease can be prevented with the measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox (varicella) vaccine (MMRV).
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) outside the heart and brain. While there are many causes of peripheral vascular disease, doctors often use the term peripheral vascular disease to refer to peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a condition that occurs when the arteries block all or part of the internal organs, arms and The legs are blocked by atherosclerosis. Symptoms of peripheral artery disease include intermittent leg pain when walking, leg pain at rest, numbness in the legs or feet, and poor wound healing in the legs or feet. Treatment for peripheral artery disease includes lifestyle measures, medications, angioplasty, and surgery.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of antibiotic depends on the cause of the infection.