Bladder diseases 2

Inflammation of the bladder is not uncommon in rabbits, especially due to diarrheal diseases or bladder gravel or. Bladder stones often lead to bladder infections. females get sick much more often than males.

Attention! If the coat is wet, there is an extreme danger of being infested by fly maggots! Protect your rabbit!

Only a few of the signs listed below are usually shown, z.B. the rabbits are just apathetic, eat less and pee wildly around the enclosure.

– Problems with urination, lifting the hindquarters and staying in this position – frequent urination – incontinence / uncleanliness (urine stains where the rabbit just walks and stands, sometimes also drops) – urine wet fur on the hindquarters, peeing on, sometimes skin inflammations – apathetic behavior (withdrawal, less participation in the rabbit's everyday life) – poorer food intake due to the pain – some rabbits are aggressive due to the permanent pain

Diagnosis

Palpation: rather small, painful bladder.
Test strips for urine: low pH (< 7), erythrocytes and hemoglobin, partly also nitrite detectable. Leukocytes are not informative in rabbits! (z.B. Combur test strips). However, inflammation of the bladder is also possible with other values.

Urine: Often cloudy or slimy.
Bacteriological examination of the urine (however only urine from a puncture of the bladder! Massed or spontaneously deposited urine is almost always contaminated with bacteria!) exclusion of bladdergries and bladderstones by x-ray/ultrasound (these are usually accompanied by cystitis). In ultrasound, the bladder wall is thickened and rough.

Causes

– First of all, one thinks of a Cooling down, but this is very rare in rabbits. The mucous membrane of the bladder is consistently damaged by bladder sludge or bladder stones. (often chronic) bladder infections occur.

– In the first place Cause found out (X-ray, ultrasound…) and treated (Bladder Gries/Bladder Stones, Diarrhea). – An inflammation of the kidney and bladder is treated by the vet with a Antibiotic treats. Best by antibiogram (see bacteriological examination above)!). Infusions: Full electrolyte solution (Ringer's lactate, Sterofundin), resp. NaCl when sodium is very low. Potassium is too high. 1 × daily 80-100 ml/kg intravenously or 2 × daily. 40 ml/kg subcutaneously, if necessary when stabilized. Rare. For this you need the infusion set. Yellow cannulas (20G) or butterfly cannulas. – A
Painkillers is important, mostly Novalgin or Metacam is used. – For chronic bladder infections or very mild ones, Angocin can be administered (ca. 12 tablets per day, wash off the protective layer, usually the tablets are even gladly eaten, otherwise they can be dissolved and given with a 1 ml syringe). Treatment with this is also an option if antibiotics are to be avoided, since z.B. already being treated for another condition. – Also suitable are Solidago Steiner tablets, Eurologist, Uroplex, RodiCare uro or urinary mix (cdVet). – A good Toilet hygiene is important. – Optionally Heat source should be offered. – Pay attention to a high fluid intake (several Water bowls set up, less is drunk from bottles, in addition Fruit and vegetable juices without sugar (diluted)), also Bladder and kidney tea is helpful. A pure fresh food diet provides optimal support for the rabbit, as the bladder is flushed as with an infusion. – The cause of such inflammations are often stones or grits, these must be treated of course, so that new inflammations do not constantly develop. – At Food refusal the rabbit is fed.

Sources u.a.:

Angeli, C. (2008): Sonographic examination of the abdominal organs in rabbits (Doctoral dissertation, lmu).

Ewringmann, A. (2016): Leading symptoms in rabbits: diagnostic guide and therapy, Georg Thieme Publishing House.

Fox, S., Eberhardt, F., Niesterok, C., & Pine, I. (2013): Ultrasound in rabbits and guinea pigs-The most common pathological findings of the urinary tract. small animal concrete, 16(02), 8-14.

Glockner, B. (2015): Kidney disease in rabbits-causes and treatment options. small animal specific, 18(S 02), 3-10.

Hein (2015): Urine testing in small mammals – so simple and yet so meaningful. kleintier konkret 2015; 18(S 01): 30-35

Langenecker, M., Clauss, M., Hassig, M., & Hatt, J. M. (2009): Comparative study of disease distribution in rabbits, guinea pigs, rats and ferrets. Veterinary practice. Ie G, Large Animals/Pets, 37(5), 326.

Nastarowitz-Bien, C. (2008): Sonographic examination of the abdomen in rabbits (Doctoral dissertation, Free University of Berlin).

Rappold, S. (2001): Comparative studies on urolithiasis in rabbits and guinea pigs. Clinic for small pets. University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, 1-141.

White, M. C. (2008): Urinalysis in rabbits. Veterinary nurse concrete, 4(01), 8-9.

Zinc, J. (2004): Holistic treatment of rabbits and guinea pigs: Anatomy, pathology, practical experience; 14 tables. Georg Thieme Publishers.

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