Blood in the dog's urine: What should you do?As a dog owner, you have probably noticed blood in your dog's urine. However, this certainly frightening discovery is often treatable. Cause may be a simple urinary tract infection or benign prostate disease.
The technical term for blood in the urine is hematuria. Hematuria is often due to inflammation or infection of the urinary system. Can affect both the upper and lower urinary tract. If there is blood in the urine or. If your dog is suffering from hematuria, you should always consult a veterinarian who can tell you more about the cause and how to treat your dog.
Below, you'll learn about common causes of blood in the urine in dogs. We also explain what you can do about it and what treatment options veterinarians recommend.
Causes in the upper urinary tract
Just like humans, dogs have two kidneys in the upper urinary tract. If blood is leaking from this area of the urinary tract, the kidneys are likely involved. Causes of bleeding in the upper urinary tract:
Idiopathic renal hematuria: This is blood coming from the kidneys with an unknown cause. The hematuria could be due to medication, an infection, or an immune system disorder. The condition is generally benign. May also be genetic.
Kidney infection: If you discover blood in your dog's urine, one or both of your dog's kidneys could be inflamed.
Kidney stones: Kidney stones, while not very common, can affect one or both kidneys and lead to excretion of blood in the urine.
Kidney cancer: Kidney cancer is rare in dogs, but it can cause blood to be excreted in the urine. The cancer may either be confined to the kidneys or spread to other areas of the body.
Renal telangiectasia: Some dogs have a genetic predisposition to spontaneous dilation of the renal blood vessels, which can lead to the excretion of blood in the urine.
Causes in the lower urinary tract
The lower urinary tract includes the bladder and the urethra (urinary tube), which is the connection between the bladder and the outside world. Urine leaves the body through them. If there is bleeding in this area, the following causes may be present:
Bladder infection: Lower urinary tract infection is by far the most common cause of blood in dog urine. Triggers can include skin allergies, the anatomy of the urethra, vulva or prepuce, or hormone-dependent incontinence in spayed female animals.
Bladder stones: Bladder stones can develop for a variety of reasons, including genetic, dietary and chronic infections.
Bladder cancer: Bladder cancer can easily be mistaken for a lower urinary tract infection in dogs; this can cause messiness in the house, difficulty passing urine and bloody urine.
Prostate problems: A benign enlargement or. an infection of the prostate is the most common prostate complaint in non-neutered male dogs.
Causes of blood in the urine in dogs, which can affect both the upper and lower urinary tract, include a ruptured bladder (this can occur when dogs are hit by a car or attacked by other dogs), coagulopathy (a scientific word that essentially means clotting disorder), or vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels).
Diagnosis and treatment
If you notice blood in your dog's urine, it's best to contact your veterinarian and make an appointment for an examination as soon as possible. As a general rule, a dog that urinates blood for the first time should be examined by a veterinarian within 24 hours.
During the examination, the veterinarian will try to find out the underlying cause by analyzing the urine. To determine a bacterial cause, obtaining a urine culture is recommended. The doctor may recommend a blood test, x-ray or ultrasound examination.
Therapy depends on the particular cause of the bleeding. If bacteria are involved, the veterinarian may prescribe an antibiotic. If there is a benign prostate enlargement or prostatic aneoplasia, he may suggest neutering. Surgical intervention is also recommended when bleeding is caused by bladder stones or a variety of other problems. Generally, veterinarians prescribe an anti-inflammatory or pain-relieving medication to reduce discomfort.
Your veterinarian may also recommend a change in diet. Diet is always an important factor when it comes to managing urinary tract problems in dogs. A less concentrated urine can be achieved with wet food; special food in turn counteracts stone formation and optimizes the pH of the urine.
Prevention of future urinary tract problems
Regular routine exams with your veterinarian are the best way to prevent blood in the urine and other urinary problems. Your veterinarian can also tell you if your dog is particularly prone to urinary symptoms. If this is the case, he can routinely check the urine to make sure he is ahead of any potential problems.
Of course, it is a good idea to simply let the dog go out into the garden to do its business; however, as a responsible dog owner, you should check your four-legged friend's urination habits from time to time. If blood is passed in the urine and this condition is not treated, it can have serious consequences. When it comes to your dog's health, you are his first line of defense; a checkup and consultation with your veterinarian is also part of the process. With love and attention, you can help keep your dog healthy and happy.
Dr. Dr. Patty Khuly is a graduate of Wellesley College. The University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. Patty Khuly is a graduate of Wellesley College. The University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. She graduated with honors. She received her MBA from the prestigious dual VMD/MBA program at the Wharton School of Business. Today, she is the proud owner of Sunset Animal Clinic in Miami, Florida. But not only that. Dr. Khuly is an avid reader, a busy knitter, a yoga fan, a music lover, an ambitious runner and a tireless foodie. In South Miami, she lives with three dogs, numerous cats, two self-rescued goats and a quirky flock of chickens. You can read their contributions under DrPattyKhuly.com and SunsetVets.read com.