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Important terms briefly explained

Source: Henning Schacht

Here you will find – sorted by keywords – brief information on the wide range of topics covered by the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Home Affairs.


The term was coined as an analogy to the more common term" e-Commerce" (derived from the English electronic commerce ) formed. Electronic government encompasses all processes of public decision-making and service provision in politics, government and administration, insofar as these take place with the greatest possible use of information and communication technologies. The possible uses are very diverse. They start with the modernization of public administration through electronic processing, continue with the provision of administrative information on public authority portals on the Internet (see Portals), and extend to the complex transactions of e-procurement (see there) and interactive electronic citizen services on the Internet. The goal is to make all administrative services available to citizens electronically. Within the administration, a holistic information management is aimed at. E-government thus stands for the public sector in the developing information society. It is also a guiding principle of a renewed democratic politics and public administration that offers citizens more transparency and a more active voice.


e-Procurement (derived from electronic procurement) refers to electronic procedures between companies/authorities and commercial providers on the Internet for the procurement of goods and services. e-Procurement includes a variety of different processes, ranging from "normal" to "electronic" from commercial transactions handled via the Internet to complex procedures such as invitations to tender with electronic submission of bids. In all phases of e-procurement (from the negotiation phase through conclusion to payment), the preservation of confidentiality is of great importance. Legal bindingness as well as reliable authentication of business partners play an essential role. Electronic procurement is therefore one of the main (potential) areas of application for encryption processes and digital signatures. The Federal Office for Information Security (BSI). The Procurement Office in the Federal Ministry of the Interior is working on models for electronic tendering. Pursuant to Section 27, Paragraph 2, Sentence 1 of the Federal Expellees Act, the spouse living in the resettlement area – if the marriage has existed for at least three years -. Descendants of the late repatriate living in the resettlement area are included in the latter's admission decision. The instrument of inclusion has the purpose that those German nationals who want to find admission as late repatriates should not be prevented from making use of their possibly existing right to admission, because they would then have to leave their family members behind in the resettlement areas. On the other hand, the purpose of inclusion is not to enable the relatives who are in principle eligible for inclusion to obtain a residence title in their own right.

Inclusion first requires a corresponding application by the late asylum seeker. In addition, the relatives willing to include – if they have reached the 18. In principle, those who have reached the age of 60 must prove that they have a basic knowledge of German by taking a language proficiency test. This does not apply insofar as the person concerned cannot have a basic knowledge of the German language due to illness or disability. Procedurally, naturalization is effected by means of an Einbeziehungsbescheid (notice of naturalization). Included family members obtain after entry with the receipt of the sog. Certificate of relatives according to § 15 paragraph 2 of the Federal Expellees Act the German nationality (§ 7 Nationality Act).


In the case of naturalization, German citizenship is acquired through the iance of a naturalization certificate. It must be made upon application if there is a claim to naturalization (claim naturalization). Otherwise, it is at the discretion of the naturalization authority (discretionary naturalization). The naturalization authorities of the federal states are responsible for carrying out naturalization procedures for foreigners living in Germany.

Basic service

The career group of the ordinary service includes all career paths for which admission to a preparatory service requires a secondary school leaving certificate or admission without a preparatory service requires completed vocational training.

Unification Treaty

Refusal of entry/refoulement

– is not in possession of a passport or passport replacement required for entry (§ 3 AufenthG ), – is not in possession of a required residence title (§ 4 AufenthG ), z.B. of a visa, or is not exempt from the visa requirement (§§ 15 to 30 AufenthV ), – a visa required for entry has been withdrawn or cancelled with effect for the past, e.B. because of fraud through incorrect or incomplete information, – or an entry ban according to § 11 para. 6 or 7 AufenthG exists. He does not need a trespassing permit according to § 11 para. 8 Residence Act was ied.

– there is an interest in deportation within the meaning of Section 54 of the Residence Act, – there is a reasonable suspicion that the stay does not serve the stated purpose, – he or she only has a Schengen visa or is exempt from the visa requirement for a short-term stay and, contrary to Section 4 para. 3 sentence 1 Residence Act intends to pursue gainful employment, – he or she does not meet the requirements for entry into the sovereign territory of the Contracting Parties pursuant to Article 5 of the Schengen Borders Code.

After the decision of refusal has been ied, the third-country national is to be taken into custody (detention pending refusal) by judicial order if this cannot be executed immediately (§ 15 para. 5 AufenthG ).



Recruitment is an appointment with the establishment of a civil service relationship.

Recruitment requirements

Access to the civil service is regulated by the constitution.

According to this, every German has the right to equal access to the civil service according to the criteria of aptitude, ability and professional performance. This applies equally to permanent employment as a civil servant or employee.

For the civil service career, the career-specific qualification is the decisive entry requirement. The relevant employee position depends on function-specific qualifications.


Employees covered by collective bargaining agreements receive a monthly table salary. The amount is determined by the pay group in which they are classified and the step applicable to them. There have been pay groups 1 to 15. Pay groups 2 to 15 each comprise six steps, pay group 1 five steps.

The next negotiations are scheduled for spring 2018.

Pay scale TVoD Bund

The Federal pay scale came into effect on 1. January 2014 came into force. This regulates the allocation of activities to the individual pay groups. Thus forms an essential basis for the payment of federal employees covered by collective bargaining agreements. It replaces the previously valid remuneration regulations to the BAT as well as the wage group directory to the MTArb .

– In view of the changes in job descriptions and job profiles in the public sector, the classification law, which in some cases is very outdated, has been comprehensively modernized. The previous 3.000 job characteristics could be reduced to approx. 1000 can be reduced. – Whole areas such as z. B. for the water and navigation administration, road and toll inspectors or the foreign language service have been completely reorganized. – Values were readjusted in areas relevant to skilled workers and in relation to the civil service sector, z. B. for IT specialists, engineers, master craftsmen/technicians, navigators and in the library and archives service. – It was possible to create a uniform classification system for the previously separate blue- and white-collar sectors. The increasing importance of well-qualified employees. Their training has been taken into account in the pay scale.


An epidemic of a particularly severe, contagious mass disease or epidemic occurring at a particular time and place (regionally)

Recreational leave

Pursuant to Section 89, Sentence 1, of the Federal Civil Service Act, civil servants are entitled to "annual recuperation leave with continued payment of salary." The details of the duration and granting of leave for federal civil servants are set out in the "Ordinance on the Recreational Leave of Federal Civil Servants, Judges and Magistrates" (Verordnung uber den Erholungsurlaub der Beamtinnen, Beamten, Richterinnen und Richter des Bundes) or. regulated in the recreational leave regulations of the federal states (for civil servants of the federal states and municipalities).

The recreational leave amounts to 30 working days per year with a 5-day week. If the average regular working time is distributed over more or less than five days a week, the vacation entitlement is increased or reduced accordingly. Civil servants can receive additional vacation if they meet the requirements and regularly work shifts including night shifts.

Since recreation leave serves to regenerate the work force, it should be taken as contiguously as possible and, in principle, in the leave year. Vacation that has not been taken within 12 months after the end of the vacation year is forfeited, in the case of temporary incapacity for work at the latest 15 months after the end of the vacation year.

Employees covered by collective bargaining agreements are entitled to vacation leave with continued payment of pay. The duration of this leave is based on the collective bargaining agreement for the public sector, the TVoD . § Section 26 of the TVoD has been in force since 1 January 2009. April 2014 that all employees are entitled to 30 working days of recuperation leave if their weekly working hours are distributed over five days in a calendar week. In the event of a different distribution of weekly working hours, the vacation entitlement increases or decreases accordingly. Trainees and interns have 29 vacation days per calendar year. The TVoD expressly regulates that the recreational leave can also be taken in parts. However, in order for the employee to be able to recover and regenerate during the leave, a leave of two weeks duration should be aimed for.

Friedland initial reception facility

The federal government's initial reception facility in Friedland, Lower Saxony, was opened on 20 September 2009. The University of Gottingen's Agricultural Research Station, which was relocated to Friedland, was built by the British occupying power on September 20, 1945, and opened on September 20, 1945. The facility went into operation in September 1945. Friedland was a suitable location because it was on the border between the British, American and Soviet occupation zones. In addition, Friedland had a functioning railroad station and a well-developed road, today's Bundesstrabe 27. Initially, over 700.000 expellees from the once German-populated areas of East-Central Europe. In the years 1949-1955, hundreds of thousands of Germans from Soviet captivity were taken into the Friedland camp.

In total, more than 4 million people have been admitted to Friedland to date. For all of them, Friedland was the starting point for a new life in freedom.

Due to the declining number of ethnic German immigrants over the years and the prere to save money in the federal budget, the facility in Friedland should be closed. Not least the symbolic power of the initial reception facility Friedland led to the decision of the Federal Government in 1999 to keep Friedland as initial reception facility.

In the longer term, Friedland is to remain a place of integration. In Friedland, people are given their first information about Germany as soon as they arrive, before moving on to their new place of residence after one to two weeks.

The state of Lower Saxony is building a museum there that will use the biographies of people who passed through the camp to explore questions of origin, reception in Friedland and in Germany. The museum will open in March 2016.

ESG Environmental, Social and Governance

ESG Environmental, Social and Governance = Environment, Social and Governance

EU harmonization

The roots of European cooperation in the field of asylum and immigration policy go back to 1975, when cooperation already took place on an intergovernmental basis. However, the Treaty of Amsterdam, which came into force in 1999, gave the European Community far-reaching legislative powers in the area of asylum and immigration for the first time.


The fingerprints of the following groups of persons will be stored or. researched:

– Asylum seekers over the age of 14 (storage and research) – Foreigners over the age of 14 who cross the border without permission (storage) – Foreigners over the age of 14 who are in an EU member state without permission and z. B. do not apply for asylum or attempt to conceal their identity (research only).

The latter is usually obliged to take back the foreigner. It eliminates the need for lengthy investigations to justify takeover requests. The filing of multiple asylum applications is prevented. A new version of the EURODAC regulation came into force in the summer of 2013 and from 20. July 2015 applicable.

Since the 20. July 2015, security authorities also have the ability to compare fingerprint data with the EURODAC database for the purpose of preventing, detecting or investigating terrorist or other serious crimes.

European Quality Conferences of Public Administrations

The first quality conference was held in Lisbon in 2000 in implementation of the ministerial decision; others were held in Copenhagen in 2002, Rotterdam in 2004, Tampere (Finland) in 2006, Paris in 2008, Warsaw in 2011 and Vilnius (Lithuania) in 2013.

Council of Europe

The Council of Europe, as an international organization, has 47 member states, home to 820 million Europeans. Europol, as the central office for police information exchange. For crime analysis one of the central pillars for fighting crime in Europe. Europol is responsible for fighting

– illegal drug trafficking; – illegal trafficking in radioactive and nuclear substances; – smuggling; – motor vehicle trafficking; – human trafficking; – money laundering and criminal organizations.

The approximately 140 employees have no executive powers.


The federal, state and local governments have agreed on a recommendation for the introduction of common contractual terms and conditions for the procurement of information technology services. These "Supplementary Terms of Contract for the Procurement of Information Technology – EVB-IT" supplement the General Conditions of Contract for the Execution of Services (VOL/B ), which are obligatory for public sector procurements.


As extremist are called such efforts, which reject the democratic constitutional state and its fundamental values, its norms and rules and aim to abolish the free democratic basic order and to replace it by an order formed according to the respective ideas. Violence is often approved, propagated or even practiced as a suitable means of achieving their own goals.

Extremists thus directly or indirectly oppose the fundamental rights concretized in the Basic Law and other fundamental principles of the free democratic basic order, such as in particular:

– general freedom of action, – freedom of belief, conscience and creed, – freedom of opinion and the press, – freedom of assembly and association, – the rule of law principle (esp. Right to education. Exercise of an opposition.

Extremist Foreigner Organizations

Extremists of foreign origin champion causes in the Federal Republic of Germany that have their origins in the political, economic, social and religious conflicts of their respective countries of origin. The actions of supporters of politically extremist and terrorist organizations of foreigners are determined primarily by current events in their respective countries of origin. They go along with aggressively combative propaganda. also use violence against their opponents before.

Not all organizations of foreign extremists in Germany are newly founded here. They often act as representatives of extremist associations and parties in their home countries, some of which are banned there.

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