Breed portrait rottweiler character look origin for love of the pet

Breed portrait Rottweiler: Character, appearance, originWhat makes the Rottweiler? Why he used to be known as a butcher dog. What has the city of Rottweil to do with him?? Here you can learn about it!

The Rottweiler is large but compact in stature. © iStock

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If there is one thing that is true about the Rottweiler, it is the expression "hard shell, soft core". There is probably no dog breed that fits the well-known saying as well as the Rottweiler.

Big, stocky, muscular, a powerful set of teeth – at first glance, the large dog looks quite impressive from its appearance and for some people perhaps also a little scary.

At the same time, inside him slumbers a wonderful nature and a kind-hearted, gentle and affectionate character that wants nothing more than a whole lot of cuddles and lots of treats.

How big is a Rottweiler?

The male Rottweiler reaches an average height at the withers of between 62 cm and 68 cm when fully grown. The height of the bitch in the Rottweiler is between 56 cm and 63 cm. The ideal height at the withers is 65 cm for males and 60 cm for females.

How heavy is a Rottweiler?

As a large, compact working dog breed that is used to hard work, the Rottweiler will also be correspondingly heavy: males can weigh between 43 kg and 59 kg and bitches between 38 kg and 52 kg. The ideal dog weight for males is approx. 50 kg and for bitches at ca. 42 kg.

– Size: 200 x 150mm

What does a Rottweiler look like?

The dog breed took its beginnings as a shepherd and guard dog of cattle herds, which can still be seen in their appearance today.

The body

The dogs have a stocky, muscular build with a straight back and a broad chest. Despite its bulkiness, however, the Rottweiler is very nimble, agile, persistent and can overcome almost any obstacle with its powerful hocks.

The coat

The coat of the Rottweiler is short, stick-haired and usually shiny black on most of the body.

On cheeks, muzzle, the underside of the neck, on the legs and under the root of the tail, the coat of the Rottweiler stands out reddish-brownish. One speaks of the so-called. "Brand" badge.

The head

The head of the breed is broad with large floppy ears, a rather short muzzle and almond-shaped eyes.

How has the appearance of the Rottweiler changed??

The appearance of the Rottweiler has changed a little bit in the course of history, so it was probably not so heavy and massive as it is nowadays, but weighed only up to ca. 30 kg with the same height at the withers today.

The changed heavier characteristic in the breeding of the breed probably has to do with the changed use of the dogs: While in their early days they were primarily herding dogs and were expected to be primarily agile and fast, from the beginning of the 20th century they became. In the beginning of the 20th century the dogs are mainly used as service dogs for police, military and (unfortunately) also as private "fighting dogs. As a result, muscle mass and strength played a more important role for breeders than speed.

In the meantime, it was also common to dock the tail and ears of the dogs, which is absolutely rightly forbidden in Germany and other countries today.

How old does a Rottweiler become?

The life expectancy of the "Rottis", as they are also fondly called by fanciers, is 9 to 10 years on average. How old the dogs become in the individual case, depends of course on their health, the attitude, care and also nutrition.

In order to allow a Rottweiler to live as long as possible in good health, one should therefore respond to the needs of the dog as best as possible and, for example, rely on a high-quality diet (such as barfing).

Also interesting: Old dog – It is important for your pet now

– Premium food for adult Rottweilers from 1 year of age – due to comparable nutritional requirements also for Dogues de Bordeaux, Canes Corso, Dogo.

What character or. character has the Rottweiler?

Many inexperienced and uninformed people attribute a negative character to the breed and describe the Rottweiler as aggressive to dangerous.

Bad experiences with the dog are to be led back exclusively on humans and on a wrong, incompetent education.

In fact, the powerful dogs are normally very friendly, peaceful, obedient, easy to train, affectionate and playful. If it grows up with experienced, consistent and sensitive owners, the Rottweiler develops into a loyal, loving and balanced family member, which is no more dangerous than other large dog breeds.

Guard and protection instinct

Due to its history as a herding and guard dog, the dog has a pronounced guard and protective instinct. If the Rottweiler is competently socialized and educated by its owners from the beginning, i.e. already at the age of a puppy, the dog is, however, not aggressive towards strange people or animals, but at most reserved. He can be integrated then as a rule also well and fast.

The Rottweiler has a very strong nervous system and is usually difficult to irritate, provided that his guardian keeps his nerves in extreme situations.

The breed is more idiosyncratic than other working dog breeds and less inclined to please the owner at any price. In this it differs for example from the shepherd dog. With insecure or fearful people there is then the possibility that the dog wants to take over the "leadership".

However, if an owner is sovereign and consistent in leadership and attitude, the dog accepts its subordinate role without problems and is characterized by very high obedience.

Where does the Rottweiler come from?

The Rottweiler is a working dog. It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world and is used as a family dog as well as a service dog in the military and police forces.

The ancestors of the breed can be traced back to ancient Rome. At that time they were preferred by butchers as shepherds-. guard dogs of the cattle herds used. For this they had to be nimble and agile on the one hand, but at the same time powerful and strong to be able to put a galloping bull in his place.

When in the Roman Empire the city of Rottweil (in today's Baden-Wurttemberg) developed into one of the most important trading hubs for livestock, the shepherd dogs also reached the city and spread from there as so-called butcher dogs to many other parts of Europe. They took the name "Rottweiler" with them right away.

With industrialization and the invention of railroads and other means of transporting livestock, the breed slowly changed from a butcher dog to a service dog for the military, police and border guards, until nowadays it has also arrived here as a loyal and clever family dog.

Rottweiler: The correct attitude and education

Due to its nature as an intelligent, vigilant shepherd and watchdog and its muscular strength, the education of the Rottweiler requires above all consistency, competence and a clear line already in the puppy. Ideally, the breeder already begins with the consistent but loving education.

The powerful dogs prefer to live with close family contact, plenty of space and (fenced) free running, where they can romp around without any problems. Many outdoor activities such as fetch are also a must. However, Rottweilers are not extreme athletes, who should run a marathon with their owners.

Early education and socialization are indispensable, so that the naturally suspicious dog learns early on how to deal with other people and animals.

If it grows up with children or is accustomed to them at an early age, it usually poses no danger to them and is a loyal and child-loving companion. It is important here to always consider his character as a shepherd and guard dog: Playing and running around children (and other animals) he may instinctively want to "round up" by bumping into them. It is important to keep this in mind, keep an eye on interactions between children and the dogs and intervene if the Rottweiler gets too rowdy.

Requirements for the owner

Living with a Rottweiler also requires certain character requirements in its owners: Fearful, nervous, indecisive and inconsistent people are not suitable for the breed, because the dog is difficult or impossible to submit to them.

Instead, the animal requires experience, expertise, alertness, prudence and calmness in its upbringing. Therefore, the working dog breed is more suitable for experienced and trained dog owners and rather not for first-time dog owners.

You, as the owner, should also be physically able to handle the dog's muscularity. After all, in an emergency up to 60 kg can tug at the leash.

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