Cancer in dogs what tumor is there

Which cancers are found in dogs? cancer in dogs what kind of tumor is there

A cancer diagnosis of your four-legged companion is a Shock for dog owners. No wonder: Half of all dogs over ten years of age die of a malignant tumor. But what types of cancer are there in dogs? We provide information on which Cancer diseases Dogs can be affected.

What types of cancer in dogs we distinguish?

In medicine, it is common to distinguish the types of cancer according to the to name the tumor after the tie affected or after the type of tumor. The latter determines the question with which Cancer cell type we have to deal with.

The most common cancer cells in dogs are:

– adenocarcinomas – basaliomas – fibrosarcomas – squamous cell carcinomas – melanomas – hemangiosarcomas

We can therefore speak of "skin cancer" or of a "basal cell carcinoma of the skin". However, the Diagnosis of the type of cancer difficult its. Because for this the veterinarian needs tie, which sometimes can be an Surgery necessitates. At old and weakened animals this is not always useful. The Therapy Depends on both the localization and the type of tumor in question.

Skin cancer in dogs

Especially older dogs tend to Skin tumors, thus to New tie formation on the skin.

Benign tumors are for example Warts or small lumps filled with fat, so-called Lipomas, as well as Basal cell tumors. The most common malignant tumors of the skin in dogs include Mast cell tumors. Mainly Boxer are affected. Skin cancer in dogs can also manifest itself in the form of a squamous cell carcinoma show. Since this rarely results in metastases occur, the Good chances of recovery. The prerequisite for this is that the veterinarian can completely remove the carcinoma. Melanomas can be benign or malignant. Mainly Melanomas on hairless areas turn out to be cancer. They tend to spread to lymph nodes, abdomen or lungs.

In bitches: Cancer in the mammary gland and ovaries

The most common cancer in bitches is the Cancer in the mammary gland. If tumors occur here, they are malignant in half of the cases.

A castration before the second heat reduce the risk of this disease. Less frequently, bitches are affected by Ovarian cancer. Signs of this are water retention in the abdomen or hormonal disorders. During surgery, the veterinarian often removes both Ovaries as well as the Uterus.

In male dogs: cancer of the prostate and testicles

Prostate cancer mostly occurs in older, medium to large sized male dogs. First signs are increased urinary urgency or constipation and loss of appetite. Unfortunately, prostate cancer metastasizes frequently in dogs. Testicular tumors develop mainly when the testicles are not descended on both sides in puppy age. One or both testicles are then stuck in the abdominal cavity or in the Inguinal canal. Through the higher ambient temperature tumors develop more quickly here. Neutering cannot protect the dog from prostate cancer. But the Removal of undescended testicles before the second year of life saves the dog from testicular cancer.

blood cancer in dogs

Blood cancer is relatively common in dogs compared to other cancers. In most cases it is a malignant lymphoma, which is also known as Lymphosarcoma or Leucosis known is. The tumor affects the Lymphocytes and thus occurs mainly in lymph nodes, spleen and liver. If tumor cells are present in the blood, the disease can be Leukemia. In the case of blood cancer, a Chemotherapy significantly prolong the life of the dog, depending on the stage of the disease. Up to a quarter of dogs may develop with Chemotherapy be cured.

Bone cancer in dogs

We speak of bone cancer when there are Tumors on the skeleton of the dog develop. These tumors are mainly osteosarcoma. they destroy the bone and thus lead to lameness and pain. Form osteosarcomas Metastases. If a amputation of the affected limb is not possible, a irradiation alleviate the symptoms.

Brain tumors

Brain tumors mainly affect older dogs. Neurological deficits like staggering or seizures and suddenly changed behavior can be signs of brain tumor in dogs its. Depending on where the tumor is located, the dog can be blind become. Often it is not possible to surgically remove the brain tumor. In many cases Radiation give the dog a few months or even years with a good quality of life.

Nasal cancer in dogs

Nasal cancer or nasal cavity cancer occasionally occurs in older dogs. He goes with sniffling, sneezing or deformation of the skull along with. Tumors in this area are usually malignant. Operations are rarely possible there. In some cases irradiation give the dog more life.

Dangerous cancer of the spleen in dogs

In contrast to cats spleen tumors are more frequent in dogs. Mostly these are Hemangiosarcomas, that tend to metastasize. detected early enough, the veterinarian can Remove spleen and subsequently perform a Chemotherapy perform. Older shepherd dogs are often affected.

Lung cancer and kidney cancer in dogs rare

We speak of lung cancer when the tumors of a cancer first time occur in the lung. It is in this case primary tumors in the lungs. Secondary tumors are metastases, the cancer has spread. In animals, it is not always possible to determine where a tumor first appears. Lung cancer is rare in dogs. Mestastases in the lung are not.

Also "Kidney cancer" with tumors originating from the kidney is very rare in dogs. But other cancers metastasize to kidney tie, so the kidney tumor may be noticed first. Also counts pancreatic cancer to the rare dog diseases. In principle, as in humans, a tumor can form on any organ or body part of the dog.

Tips: Signs of cancer in dogs

If you notice any of the following signs, you should take your four-legged friend to the vet:

Nodes under or on the skin or sudden Increase
– suddenly other, worse Body odor from the body orifices – the dog acts apathetic and powerless
– heavy breathing, Cough
– Wounds that do not heal


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