If the intraocular prere rises, glaucoma develops, also called glaucoma. It can appear suddenly and is then usually associated with severe eye pain and headache. Nausea also occurs. The eyeball is hardened. Chronic glaucoma, on the other hand, is often asymptomatic, possibly resulting in black spots in the field of vision, a loss of visual field.
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Cataracts: eye diseases in old age
In cataract, the lens becomes cloudy in a gradual process. Cataracts often occur with age. Typical for cataract is a deterioration of the visual performance, because the light can no longer fall unobstructed on the retina. Affected describe the eye disease that they see everything in increasingly only in gray.
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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
Another eye disease in old age is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There is a progressive destruction of the area of the sharpest vision (macula) up to blindness. Due to AMD, the vision is increasingly limited, only at the edges of the visual field affected people can often still see well. A cure for this eye disease is not yet possible.
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Conjunctivitis is among the common eye diseases
Conjunctivitis is a very common eye disease. Often caused by allergies or pathogens such as viruses. Bacteria a conjunctivitis. Typical symptoms are a foreign body sensation in the eye, sensitivity to light and redness of the eye. If the cornea (keratoconjunctivitis) is also affected, severe eye pain usually accompanies the condition.
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Common eye diseases: Hailstone
A hailstone is an inflammation of the meibomian gland on the inner edge of the eyelid near the nose. The chalazion looks very similar to the sty. However, the chalazion is usually completely painless, it can be treated well by heat irradiation.
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Stye: Purulent eye disease
Unlike hailstorm, stye is a bacterial inflammation of one of the glands on the eyelid and can occur anywhere on the eye. It can be recognized as a swollen and reddened lump on the eyelid, with pus in the center. For treatment the ophthalmologist uses a local antibiotic and heat irradiation.
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Blurred vision due to astigmatism
The cornea naturally has a slight bulge. If this is irregular due to a curvature of the cornea, it is called astigmatism. As a result, light rays appear as a blurred line. Not focused as a sharp point. Besides blurred vision, eyes are-. Headaches are typical symptoms of astigmatism. Treated with specially ground lenses and hard contact lenses.
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Eye diseases: Keratoconus
In keratoconus, the cornea thins and bulges forward until it is eventually cone-shaped. The causes of this corneal disease are unknown so far. Due to the corneal curvature, affected persons are often short-sighted. Special lenses or a transplantation of the cornea are used for treatment.
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Retinal detachment: ophthalmologic emergency
A detached retina is an emergency that needs medical attention fast. With age, the vitreous body can liquefy, causing the retina to be washed out and detached from its substrate. Bruising of the eyeball can also cause retinal detachment. A typical symptom of retinal detachment is flashes of light. Sudden loss of the visual field.
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Eye diseases: Retinopathia Pigmentosa
The hereditary disease Retinopathia Pigmentosa leads in many cases to blindness: Over time, the photoreceptors (rods and cones) die, causing an increasing narrowing of the field of vision. In addition, colors. Contrasts seen less and less. To date, there is no treatment option for this eye disease.
Certain autoimmune diseases, such as Graves' disease, cause increased formation of fatty and connective tie behind the eyeball. Thus the eyeball presses outward, the eyes protrude more and more. As a result, the freedom of movement of the eyeballs is restricted, affected persons often see double images. Typically, in endocrine orbitopathy, the doctor treats the underlying disease.
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Home> Eyes and vision> Recognizing eye disease from pictures
Diagnosis of an eye disease often requires an opthalmoscopy (ophthalmoscopy), through which the doctor examines the back of the eye for pathological changes. Also certain symptoms may be relevant for diagnosis. Painful and dry eyes or flashes of light can indicate a disease. We show which eye diseases there are and how they manifest themselves.
– Herold, G. (ed.): Internal Medicine. Own publication, Cologne 2020 – Grehn, F.: Ophthalmology, Springer Medicine, Berlin 2019 – Lang, G. E.: Ophthalmology essentials. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 2015 – Walter, P., Plange, N.: Basic Ophthalmology. Springer Medicine, Berlin 2016
Itchy eyes are often a symptom of an allergy. What other causes can cause itchy eyes. more.
Time out for the eyes: the perfect eye workout for in between – quickly and effectively. more.
Flashes, black spots, flickering: symptoms like these are deeply unsettling. What can be behind visual disturbances more. Eyes burn. Are dry? In addition to eye drops, home remedies such as compresses, curds and cucumbers help. more.
Parsley or potatoes for the eyes? There are many home remedies for conjunctivitis. more.
The eye is one of our most important sensory organs. Not only that, but a look at the eyes will help the doctor identify deeper diseases more.