Diabetes symptomsDiabetes is a common disease in affluent countries. The reason is mostly the too high sugar consumption. In the following, the symptoms. Diabetes prevention options explained.
Table of contents
1.How to recognize dangerous diabetes symptoms
In Germany, most people with diabetes suffer from type 2 diabetes, the form of diabetes that used to be known in the vernacular as "diabetes of the heart Diabetes or as Age-related diabetes was known. More than 90% of people with this form of diabetes in Germany suffer from it, and it can certainly be described as a disease of affluence, because in countries with a different lifestyle and diet prevails, diabetes type 2 is not so common. Germany ranks eleventh in the world with almost 6 million patients, and with a diabetic proportion of approx. 5.5 percent worldwide the midfield.
2.Genetic factors and poor diet – causes of type 2 diabetes
The causes of diabetes can be many and varied. Shutterstock.com / Proxima Studio
How does this dreaded but widespread disease develop and what are the symptoms of diabetes?? In the foreground of this insidious disease, which goes unnoticed for a long time, is the increasingly poor response of the body's cells to the hormone insulin. A so-called Insulin resistance. Insulin is produced in the pancreas. From there into the blood. It has the task of metabolizing the sugar taken in with food with other nutrients and thus making it available to the body as energy.
The Pancreas is often overloaded over the years by too many carbohydrates. Although the predisposition to type 2 diabetes is hereditary, not everyone with the predisposition develops the dangerous metabolic disease. Today, the "affluence syndrome" is considered an important factor in the onset of the disease: eating too much and too often, coupled with too little exercise. These two conditions cause Insulin resistance.
3.Insulin and insulin resistance
Too much sugar can no longer be metabolized by the body. Shutterstock.com / nitr
The vital hormone insulin is produced in the pancreas. It lowers the blood sugar level when glucose is absorbed. But when the cells become less sensitive to insulin – are called resistant – more and more insulin is needed, which has to be produced in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes develops with a hereditary predisposition when a passive lifestyle and a high-carbohydrate diet combine with.
The Excess of sugar cannot be properly metabolized by the body and delivered to the ties. It is especially harmful to constantly flood the body with carbohydrates, as the modern lifestyle often dictates. To be clear, people with a diabetes 2 disposition should stay away from dietary rules that promote eating frequently during the day. By the way, even a cup of coffee with milk is considered a meal in its own right and not just a drink.
By a constantly increased insulin level, the body stores more fat, which leads to predominance. obesity is considered the most important precursor of diabetes type-2. If to overweight still lack of movement is added, one is in a vicious circle, and it becomes the diabetes type 2 the way paved. Due to lack of exercise, hardly any blood sugar is used as energy by the muscles. This promotes insulin resistance particularly quickly. In the worst case scenario, the pancreas can eventually fail to function at all. More exercise in everyday life is therefore important.
At advancing age the ability to utilize insulin basically decreases, but there are also other factors that promote the dreaded insulin resistance:
– Genetic predisposition – that's why diabetes type 2 was long considered a "hereditary disease" – Metabolic syndrome – Overweight, obesity – Little exercise and mainly sedentary work – High-carbohydrate diet and frequent eating – Alcohol consumption – Excessive stress
For a long time, insulin resistance goes unnoticed because the body can compensate for a long time by producing more insulin and typical diabetes symptoms are absent. However, this is at the expense of the pancreas, which, figuratively speaking, overworks itself and one day loses that all-important Compensation can no longer fulfill their needs – as a result, type 2 diabetes develops.
4.Diabetes symptoms not always detectable: the insidious threat of type 2 diabetes
Rough estimates show that in Germany, about 2.1 percent of patients suffer from a diabetes that has not yet healed undetected diabetes type 2 suffer. Type 2 diabetes does not develop suddenly and it is not accompanied by clear symptoms, so it can go undetected for many years.
But this is exactly the problem, because the body stores, so to speak, the Consequences of hyperglycemia, This is referred to as "sugar memory" and the first symptoms do not appear until several years later. Circulatory disorders, nerve damage and the dreaded diabetic foot with its ulcers and wounds that no longer heal can be the late consequences of the gradual disease.
Diabetes symptoms of impending type 2 diabetes
Fatigue is one of many diabetes symptoms. Shutterstock.com / Cookie Studio
Doctors often detect type 2 diabetes only by chance. This makes it so dangerous, because up to 10 years the diabetes symptoms and complaints can be atypical and underestimated, because they are not perceived as strong. The metabolic disease initially appears similar to many others stress-related illnesses:
– Patients often complain of constant fatigue and listlessness – Frequent infections and lowered immune defenses
The really recognizable classical diabetes symptoms like z. B. frequent urination, a greatly increased feeling of thirst, or a drastic deterioration of vision are rather rare. These unclear or absent diabetes symptoms are why the disease is often not detected until years after its actual onset.
5.Later symptoms and complications of type 2 diabetes
Other diabetes symptoms appear later. Shutterstock.com / Syda Productions
When elevated blood glucose levels prevail in the body for a long time without being detected, they can Damage blood vessels and nerve tracts, although this is not yet noticeable. High blood sugar levels promote poorly healing infections on the skin, which are accompanied by severe itching. From a blood sugar value of 160-180 mg%, sugar is excreted in the urine and thus also measurable.
Acute symptoms due to the elevated blood glucose concentration may include:
– An abnormally increased thirst, often perceived as the first sign of the disease – Frequent urination and urination – Suddenly dry and sensitive skin – Noticeable weight loss in a short time – In women: Absence of menstrual bleeding – In men: decreased potency – General fatigue and weakness – Severe visual disturbances or a noticeable sudden deterioration of vision – Frequent muscle cramps – Susceptibility to infections – Very slow and poor wound healing
6.Dangerous complications of type 2 diabetes
Probably the side effect of insulin therapy for diabetes, which can be classified as the most dangerous, is the Hypoglycemia (Hypoglycemia). Hypoglycemia triggers a drop in blood glucose to below 50 mg%, which can even lead to a life-threatening coma!
The dangerous hypoglycemia can be triggered by:
– An excessive dosage of insulin or sulfonylurea – An omitted meal – An insufficient intake of carbohydrates – Unusual physical exertion – Alcohol – Vomiting or diarrhea – Weakness of the pituitary, adrenal or thyroid glands
Watch for these signs of mild hypoglycemia:
– Paleness – Sweating – Trembling or shakiness – Rapid and noticeable palpitations – Anxiety and nervousness – Tingling in the extremities – A furry feeling in the mouth – Headache – Strong ravenous appetite – Soft and wobbly knees
Signs of severe hypoglycemia:
– Disturbances of concentration and consciousness – unconsciousness – strong dizziness – seizures – aggressive behavior
In these cases, immediate treatment is required medical treatment occur. Blood glucose levels are raised by supplying glucose, either through food when the patient is still conscious or as an injection.
7.The diabetic coma
Diabetic coma may also occur. Shutterstock.com / Jacob Lund
If blood glucose levels threaten to derail dramatically as a result of a severe insulin deficiency, the patient may go into the Coma fall. Diabetic coma in type 2 diabetics occurs when blood glucose levels are between 600 and 1000 mg%.
Warning signs of impending diabetic coma:
– Severe abdominal pain – Nausea – Vomiting – Compulsive deep breathing – Acetone odor (nail polish smell) on breath – Clouding of consciousness – Fainting
Because diabetic coma is life-threatening, patients need immediate emergency medical care And must be treated as soon as possible in a hospital intensive care unit.
8.Gestational diabetes – danger for mother and child
Gestational diabetes can also occur. Shutterstock.com / Africa Studio
In Germany, almost 6 percent of all pregnant women are affected by gestational diabetes. This special form of glucose tolerance disorder occurs for the first time during pregnancy. Usually, this metabolic disease is asymptomatic because the typical signs of diabetes, such as severe thirst and/or increased urination, are absent. Nevertheless, elevated blood glucose levels endanger both the pregnant woman and the child.
The major risk after gestational diabetes is the onset of type 2 diabetes in women in the average period of eight years after delivery. For the children the risk of premature birth increases. Children of mothers with gestational diabetes often come in underweight to the world, which can lead to complications. The children of mothers who develop gestational diabetes have a higher risk of becoming obese later in life and developing type 2 diabetes themselves.
9.Metabolic syndrome as a risk factor for developing diabetes
The term "metabolic syndrome" covers several symptoms that can occur at the same time and have a strong impact on health. The foundations for the metabolic syndrome are laid in our cradle, because a Genetic predisposition is also mainly responsible for the metabolic syndrome. In addition, there are the usual side effects of the affluent society, such as a health-threatening inactive lifestyle, poor eating habits and disease-causing mental stress, such as constant stress. Under the term "metabolic syndrome" several factors affecting the metabolism are summarized such as:
– Vascular disease, – Cardiovascular disease – Diabetes
The clinical picture has been described since the 1990s and includes the following metabolic parameters:
– High blood prere – Elevated cholesterol or blood lipid levels – Obesity, especially in the abdominal region – Elevated fasting blood glucose – Existing diabetes – Fatty liver
Each of these individual factors alone favors the development of Vascular diseases and cardiovascular diseases. The more the individual factors appear together, the more the risk of getting seriously ill adds up. For example, overweight people with a significant accumulation of fat in the abdomen with a fatty liver have a very significantly increased risk.
To do this, you have to understand that every single symptom of the metabolic syndrome is already a risk factor for blatant damage to the blood vessels. The metabolic syndrome is now classified as an inflammatory disease. It affects blood clotting ability, immune strength and hormone balance. The permanent inflammatory state is now considered to be significantly responsible for the risk of stroke or dangerous cardiovascular diseases.
Metabolic syndrome is also considered by experts to be insulin resistance syndrome. According to the current state of research, significant insulin resistance is considered a central factor for all secondary diseases of the metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome has been classified as a very important, perhaps the most important, precursor to type 2 diabetes.
10.Effective diabetes therapy: exercise and dietary changes
Plenty of exercise and a healthy diet can prevent diabetes. Shutterstock.com / natali_ploskaya
After the dangers of diabetes have been explained here, we want to show what you can do yourself to effectively prevent diabetes to be prevented or what to do if you have already developed metabolic syndrome. Carbohydrates from industrially produced bakery products should be avoided as much as possible or reduced to a minimum by people who are at risk of developing diabetes or who already have metabolic syndrome.
At the same time, the Lifestyle reconsidered are being adjusted and adapted to the situation. Those who are attentive to their health and make lasting changes to their lifestyle can often avoid medication and even reverse insulin resistance. Consequential diseases are then no longer to be feared.
11.Reversal of diabetes through targeted exercise and nutrition
It is almost unbelievable how easy it is to prevent this yourself. Alone already by Targeted exercise programs and a conscious diet. Sometimes the diabetes can even be pushed back. Interestingly, overweight people even have an advantage in this respect, because for them it is often sufficient to lose a few kilograms in order to effectively combat diabetes. Every kilogram that is lost, especially around the abdomen, ensures that more insulin can be produced in the pancreas again. A special diet under medical supervision, facilitates here the way into a lighter and healthier life.