Doberman breed portrait character appearance education

You know the Doberman certainly as a guard dog. Often with nasty spiked collars and docked ears and tails, it should appear particularly fearsome. But does this picture represent the Dobermann correctly? We think not, and that is why we present you this dog breed in our breed portrait in detail.

About the history of the Doberman

The origin of the Dobermann can be traced back to the small town of Apolda in Thuringia. Here lived a man named Friedrich Lou's Doberman. The latter needed a dog to protect him at work. The exact profession of this man has not been handed down, but you can ame that it was probably a profession where he was either not very popular or needed special protection for other reasons. According to tradition, this man practiced the profession of municipal dog catcher on the side. Especially vigilant dogs for breeding with his bitch kept. German Shepherds, Great Danes, Pinschers, Greyhounds and Rottweilers were used as ancestors for the Doberman. After the death of Friedrich Dobermann a friend took over this dog breed and bred the Dobermann to a farm and working dog.

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In 1899 many breeders in Apolda founded the Doberman Pinscher Club. Since the 20. In the twentieth century the Doberman is recognized as an official police dog. This breed was already used in both world wars. They were trained and used there as mine, ambulance, army and reporting dogs. Also in concentration camps in the second world war Dobermans found their use. In the meantime, the Doberman is a popular dog in families in addition to the task as a service dog in the protection service, police or customs.

The appearance of the Doberman

A Doberman can be recognized very quickly by its typical appearance.

The coat of the Doberman is short, hard and dense. Coat colors are black or dark brown with a rusty (reddish brown) blaze. The coat is very smooth. Evenly distributed. The colors blue, white and isabell are excluded from breeding.

As a figure, a long-legged, slender appearance is desired in the Doberman, which radiates elegance. In the past Dobermans were docked at the tail and ears. In Germany this is fortunately forbidden. Also since 2015 no longer included in the FCI standard. If you look at a docked dog in comparison with a not docked dog, you will immediately recognize that it looks much more sympathetic and friendly.

Fortunately the docking of the tail and the ears is forbidden in the meantime and such pictures belong in Germany to the past. Dobermans reach a height of 63 to 72 cm. A weight between 32-45 kilograms.

The ears should be medium in size, rounded and pendulous.

Character of the Doberman

Unfortunately, the Doberman still has the image of a dangerous dog. This is because this breed has unfortunately been weaponized and used by some owners and breeders. Please do not let this deter you. The basic mood of this breed is actually peaceful and friendly. He enjoys a family connection very much and is also very affectionate and fond of children. Of course it is important how your dog grew up and how he was socialized.

The Doberman is very sensitive and vermust. Nevertheless, he needs a consistent education, which should always be affectionate. Hard training is not allowed, so you will not get very far with this breed.

In addition to a high level of intelligence, he also shines with a particularly high level of courage and a strong sense of justice. In addition, representatives of this breed are also often temperamental. They love to be active in sports. We will go into this in more detail in our breed portrait. That is why it is usually better if the children living in the household are already somewhat stable.

Most Dobermans are so-called one-man-dogs. So they choose a reference person to whom they are particularly attached. But this does not mean that he can not still fit very well into a family.

The FCI breed standard also requires a "medium sharpness" and a medium irritation threshold. The Doberman should be eager to work and also self-confident and fearless.

What you should look for when buying

If you want to get a Doberman into your house, we recommend you to pay attention to a serious breeding with a good socialization. This way you avoid the danger that your dog has already had bad experiences and you get a bad surprise. Alternatively, there are also Dobermannnothilfen, where you can inquire. Of course you can find a Doberman in a shelter from time to time.

Especially if you are still an inexperienced dog owner, you should get advice in any case (but this is of course also true for all other dogs). dog breeds). A Dobermann becomes with healthy attitude. Without any health restrictions 10 to 13 years old. Of course, you should include this in your life planning.

If you want to choose a purebred and healthy Doberman puppy, the purchase costs will be about 1250 Euro. A serious breeder pays attention to all necessary examinations and a good socialization and therefore he is also worth every cent.

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How should you train your Doberman??

As already described under character, Dobermans are by nature very willing to learn – even as a puppy. They have a lot of fun in training and learn very quickly commands and contexts. The education should always be affectionate, but just with the necessary consequence. Please stay away from any harshness and punishment. It is important that you set clear boundaries from the beginning, so that your puppy learns early on what is allowed and what is not. Especially in puphood your Doberman puppy will test how far he can go. Mistakes you make in puppyhood can later be corrected only with difficulty.

You should also make sure that your puppy is well socialized. He should have a lot of contact with other dogs – but this does not mean that he should romp wildly with every dog. Many dog schools now offer controlled puppy play sessions. In addition, you can also learn in the dog school the basics and basics of education. But pay attention to quality and sympathy when choosing a dog school.

A further important point is a well practiced recall. Dobermans have a natural hunting instinct. Therefore, it is especially important that you pay special attention to this.

Also many positive contacts to other people are important at an early age – so your dog learns to generalize that other people are good.

If you take a Doberman puppy to you, pay attention to a good socialization. Let a competent dog school help you with that.

What activities does a Doberman enjoy?

Of course, this can not be answered in general, because every Doberman has different preferences. He is very popular because of his courage and fearlessness, of course, in the police and military service.

Since he likes to be active, the Doberman has just as much fun with mantrailing, tournament dog sports, ZOS or agility. The latter, however, is sometimes rather difficult, as he might have problems with some devices due to his size.

Much joy has this breed also in use as a therapy dog, rescue dog or assistance dog. You can improve his intelligence with some dog tricks. Encourage intelligence toys.

But also normal daily walks or running on the bike offer a great change in the dog's everyday life. If your Doberman can still guard a large garden, he is completely satisfied.

But be careful: Even if the Doberman is one of the most intelligent dog breeds and likes to be kept busy – you should never forget to teach your dog to be calm right from the start. Especially in the first months your four-legged friend should learn to switch off. If you do not teach him, you may end up with a permanently hectic and hyperactive dog.

Typical diseases of the Doberman

Of course you should pay attention to the health of your dog in general. This includes regular check-ups by your veterinarian, good dental care and a healthy diet for your dog. Nevertheless, there are – as with every dog breed – breed-typical diseases that occur more frequently. We would also like to tell you about this one.

Dilated cardiomyopathy

This disease (DCM) is also called Doberman Cardiomyopathy. This is a very extreme form of heart disease. Unfortunately, sudden cardiac death happens again and again. This disease is inherited autosomal dominant in the breed, which means that the altered allele must be present only on one of the two homologous autosomes (i.e. on one of the two parents) to be passed on. This disease is more common in bitches. Male dogs are equally common. The probability of this disease is almost 60%.

Congenital Vestibular Syndrome

If your dog is affected by this disease, you can recognize this by a head crookedness, disturbances in the coordination or affected dogs are deaf. The origin is a malformation of the organ of equilibrium in the inner ear. Mostly this disease can be detected already in the first month of life by the just mentioned symptoms. Affected dogs fall down quickly for example. Treatment of this disease is not possible. However, the symptoms usually improve in the second month of life. The dogs can lead a symptom-free life – apart from the deafness.

However, affected dogs should always be excluded from breeding.

Wobbler syndrome

The Wobbler syndrome also occurs in many other breeds, including the Dalmatian, Beagle and many others. Large breeds of dogs are much more often affected by this condition. In addition, males are affected about twice as often as females.

This disease is a nerve damage in the area of the spinal cord or spinal cord. of the spinal cord nerves in the cervical spine. The word wobbler is derived from the English word to wobble, which means to wobble. This describes the gait of affected animals. The disease is also known as spinal ataxia. A distinction is made between five different types.

This disease can already be congenital but can also be caused by wrong movements, overloading and wear and tear. Poor nutrition can also aggravate the disease.

There are two therapeutic approaches: One is surgery. Since operations of course also have certain risks, it is often used for disease progressions that are not extremely acute, or. stabilize, can be worked through a conservative therapy in the form of vun immobilization of the dog and review of the feed composition.

Hip joint dysplasia

HD is a wrongly developed hip joint. This disease occurs particularly frequently in large breeds. This disease is almost always genetic. That is why serious breeders always have their dogs tested for this disease. If there is a HD finding, the dog should always and immediately be excluded from breeding. Also breeding associations require a HD freedom for breeding approval.

Poor husbandry and nutrition can accelerate the progression and expression of the disease. Also overweight is absolutely harmful in affected dogs.

This disease usually shows itself already in the first year, because your dog is in pain and therefore also shows problems in the gait pattern. Mostly dogs do not want to go for a walk, often sit down and show an unstable gait.

HD is not curable. Depending on the severity there are different treatment options. These would go beyond the scope of our breed portrait – your veterinarian will surely be happy to advise you.

Von Willebrand disease

This disease is a blood clotting disorder. Affected dogs often show bleeding gums, nosebleeds and hematuria (blood in the urine) and a stronger bleeding tendency during surgery. This disease is genetically inherited. It is not curable. In case of heavy bleeding, blood transfusions must be given. plasma transfusions are used. Since the 1. January 2016, the Dobermann Association (DV) leads in breeding animals. puppies a genetic test for this disease by. January 2016, the Dobermann Club (DV) is leading in breeding animals. Puppies a genetic test for this disease by.

Unfortunately, the Doberman is prone to all kinds of diseases. It is all the more important that you choose a reputable breeder.

Dancing Doberman Disease

This disease is fortunately rather rare. It is a neurological disease that appears and progresses in young adulthood. Here the hock joint is bent. As the disease progresses, muscles stand out. Both legs can be paralyzed. The hindquarters become weaker and the gait of your dog resembles a staggering dancer, which also gave this disease its name.

A cure is not possible. However, it usually progresses very slowly.

Health and care of your Doberman

Overall, the Doberman is a rather low-maintenance representative. Because of his short coat you do not have much work with coat care. However, since the Doberman has no undercoat, you should make sure that he wears a coat or sweater in winter. In addition, you should always dry him sufficiently after bathing.

As you have already experienced, a healthy diet is also really important. We recommend you AniFit dog food.

The Doberman – a listed dog?

In some states, such as Brandenburg, the Doberman is one of the so-called list dogs. So, if you want to have a Doberman, you have to fulfill several conditions to be allowed to keep this breed. Your dog must also undergo a temperament test so that you are allowed to lead him without a muzzle or leash. There are also lists in other countries, such as Switzerland, where certain dog breeds are specifically listed.

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So you should definitely inform yourself beforehand if and how you are allowed to lead a Doberman in your area. Unfortunately, the Doberman also still has a bad reputation – as you learned from our portrait, definitely unjustly. Nevertheless, many people will change sides if you lead a Doberman. Unfortunately you have to be aware of this beforehand.

Conclusion of the Doberman breed portrait

As you can see, the bad reputation is not justified with this breed. With loving, consistent leadership, a Doberman can develop into a dream dog. As a beginner, however, you should in any case keep your hands off adult Dobermans about which you know too little, because a misplaced Doberman is something for professionals simply because of its size and weight.

This breed is particularly suitable for active people. Just let yourself be advised by a reputable breeder.

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