GeneralDoberman – The German dog breed Dobermann, recognized by the FCI, is considered to be an outstanding guard and protection dog. It originated in Apolda near Thuringia, and owes its name to its founder, Friedrich Louis Dobermann. The image of the sharp guard dog with docked ears and mutilated tail he could not completely get rid of until today, nevertheless he finds his place today more and more often also within the family. Because in addition to its unusual instincts and sa fearless courage it can also present itself here as an extremely sensitive and very trainable show dog.
The Doberman originates from the small town of Apolda in Thuringia. As the only German dog, the Dobermann borrowed its name from its founder, Friederich Louis Dobermann (1834 – 1894). Doberman, already known at that time as a dog breeder and dog catcher, had the task of collecting stray dogs. If their owners reported in time, the dog could be returned, if the owner could not be found, the dogs were shot. Unfortunately, animal protection and animal laws did not yet exist in his lifetime.
However, Friedrich Dobermann did not shoot all dogs. He used the particularly vigilant animals for mating. breeding with his favorite bitch Schnuppe. Which breeds are actually the predecessors of today's Dobermann cannot be reconstructed with conclusive certainty, but it is likely that the butcher's dog (see also the Rottweiler breed portrait) and the German shepherds, hunting dogs, Great Danes, Pinschers, Greyhounds, Weimaraners and greyhounds, which were already common at that time, were the predecessors.
Dobermann's goal was to breed a particularly courageous guard and protection dog, which showed a pronounced aggressiveness, especially in the early days. It did not take long until the police also discovered the breed and used the Dobermann as a service dog. Until today he is one of the ten service dog breeds used in Germany. But also for hunting and guarding house and yard they were often used because of their sharpness and fearlessness.
Otto Goller took over Dobermann's death the breeding stock and continued the breeding in the sense of its inventor. With sometimes up to 150 breeding animals and a pronounced business sense, Goller contributed significantly to making Apolda's protection dogs known and popular beyond the borders of Germany.
An inglorious capital was added in times of National Socialism. Like the German Shepherd, the animals were used in the first and second world war to guard concentration camps. In addition, they were used in the German army as a reporting, mine detection and as a medical dog. In the recent past, the Doberman was often found on ears. tail docked to give its appearance additional sharpness. The FCI reacted, although late, to this cruelty to animals and changed the breed standard to the effect that docking is now punished with exclusion from breeding.
In addition to his duties for office and dignities, the breed developed further and is nowadays often found as a still excellent guard dog with a little less sharpness in families again. Dobermans are considered to be among the most intelligent dog breeds in the world and are excellent athletes, excelling in almost all disciplines in dog sports.
Numbers, data& facts
– Country of origin: Germany – Life expectancy: 10 – 13 years – Weight males: 40 – 45 kg – Weight bitch: 32 – 35 kg – Males 68 – 72 cm – Bitches: 63 – 68 cm
– 1899 the Dobermann-Pinscher-Club Apolda was founded (numerous renaming followed) – 1900 use of the Dobermann as police dog (at that time gendarme dog)
Dobermans are among the most intelligent dogs in the world and are regarded as Working dogs reported. Their agility, bright head and strength make the breed one of the most versatile animals. As a service dog with police, customs and the armed forces appreciated, as a therapy, rescue and guide dog in the field and as an extreme athlete, z.B. in agility, obedience, tracking or in VPG sports. In addition, more and more often used as a family dog. Thanks to its excellent watchdog and guard dog function, it guards home and yard with flying colors.
Classification, breeding standard& Breed Standard
– Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer -Molossoid – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs – Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer – 1.1 Pinscher – With working test
The character& the nature of the Doberman
Who Character of the Doberman busy, must know that the dogs are among the most intelligent of their kind. The bright heads want or. must be kept busy so that their nature can develop as desired. Equipped with a lightning-quick perception and a high willingness to learn formally offers itself to work actively with the dog.
If he finds enough occupation and enjoys the proximity to his family, he is at home a fearless cuddler and loving contemporary. However, these positive characteristics will only develop fully if the regular work with the dog, which has already been described many times, is carried out.
Even if the Doberman is no longer as aggressive and sharp as it was a few decades ago, intrepid, brave and ready to defend house and yard as well as its own family are values that it always internalizes and follows. The Doberman has a low to medium stimulus threshold.
The hunting instinct
In the imprinting phase it is useful to get the Doberman used to game and to show him that there is nothing wrong with passing game without snatching it. In the ideal state, however, the call of the master (or mistress) is evaluated with higher priority and it can be called off. However, it's a long road to get there, one marked by constant learning, subordination and socialization. But even if you have done everything right as a keeper, there will always be dogs that are not good to their Hunting instinct succumb. Because many Dobermans are extremely passionate about game Sight hunter, which partly also with killing intention at the game on hunt go. Do you have such a dog. The corresponding knowledge or.