Doberman dog breed with picture info temperament characteristics and facts

A connoisseur of the breed referred to the Doberman as the "Ferrari of dogs." One can have great successes with him, but can also often experience breakdowns and must know how to handle him."

In fact, the Doberman is not a dog for beginners or for impatient, nervous people and those without a sense of responsibility. All too often this beautiful dog attracts the wrong characters. Some people would like to polish up their underdeveloped self-confidence with a strong, beautiful and dangerous dog at their side and exactly this kind of person is also responsible for the partly bad image of the Doberman in public. Its sharpness is often consciously encouraged and aggressive behavior toward people and/or animals is consciously or unconsciously tolerated.

If you are thinking of buying a Doberman, think twice: you really need to invest a lot of time and care in its basic training as well as in its exercise and occupation, even if it is a calmer and more docile animal, because the image of a dog in the public is always determined by its behavior and obedience. You are its ambassador! And positive publicity is what all dog owners need to do these days to counter society's dog-hostile tendencies!

The Dobi usually attaches itself very closely to a reference person. He often does not want to know too much about children, even if he accepts them. Especially the males tend to dominance. Dealing with this requires some experience in raising dogs. In most cases, females are better suited as family dogs. Dobermans are unfortunately not very long-lived dogs.

There are quite a lot of disease dispositions in this breed, affecting among other things the skin and also the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine. In addition, Dobermans are quite sensitive to cold weather. This should also be considered, for example, at the dog park. In winter, the dog should move outdoors, no long laying down or tethering in sub-zero temperatures!

When buying, remember that docking the ears and tail is prohibited in Germany under the Animal Welfare Act and do not let the breeder sell you a docked puppy for whatever reason! The Doberman Pinscher has a lot of energy. Requires a lot of exercise. – This breed can be very protective, so don't be surprised if he thinks he is the keeper of the house. – Unless you are a strong leader, the Dobie will take on the alpha role in your household. Early, consistent training is critical to establishing your role as pack leader. – The Dobie is sensitive to cold weather and needs proper shelter in the winter (he likes to be indoors, right next to the fireplace). The Doberman Pinscher is a family dog. Should not be left alone. He thrives on being integrated into family activities. – The Doberman has a vicious reputation. Although your Doberman may have a sweet personality, neighbors and strangers may be afraid of him. – To get a healthy dog, never buy a dog from an irresponsible breeder, a mass breeder, or from a pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests their breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that could be passed on to the puppies and that they have solid characters.


A super-intelligent and super-active dog – that's what you get with the Doberman Pinscher. In addition, you will get an extremely loyal, reliable dog that is playful and fun-loving with his family. He is a natural protector who will not hesitate to act if he believes his family is threatened, but without reason he is not aggressive.

The Dobie likes to be busy, physically and mentally. He learns quickly. Training him is easy. Because he is such a quick learner, it is difficult to keep lessons fresh and interesting. He can have his own ideas about things, although he is typically not particularly stubborn or willful if his owner takes the lead consistently and amicably.

The Dobie needs quite some time to grow up. Until the third or fourth year of life he behaves like a puppy.

Temperament is influenced by a variety of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with a good temperament are curious and playful, approach people and can be patiently held in their arms. Choose a moderate puppy, not the one who beats up his siblings, nor the one who hides in the corner.

Always get to know at least one parent – most often it will be the mother – to make sure you are comfortable with her temperament. It can also be helpful to meet other siblings or relatives of the parents to get a preview of your puppy's temperament as an adult.

Like any other dog, Dobies should be socialized early – while they are young, they should be exposed to many different people, sights and sounds, as well as have many experiences. Good socialization will ensure that your Dobie grows up to be a well-rounded dog.

Participating in a puppy school is a good start. Having regular visitors and taking the dog to a park where there is a lot going on, as well as going for walks where you meet a lot of neighbors, also helps to shape the dog's social skills.


Dobies are i.d.R. healthy, but like all breeds, they are susceptible to certain diseases. Not all poodles get one, or all, of these diseases, but it is important to know them if you want to acquire a Dobie.

For Dobies, expect to see health certificates from the Orthopaedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a rating between adequate and better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism and Willebrand-Jurgens syndrome; and for thrombopathy from Auburn University and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) Certificates that the eyes are normal. It can be diagnosed by checking the OFA website ( Health certificates confirm.

Hip dysplasiaHip dysplasia is an inherited disorder in which the femur is not firmly attached to the hip joint. Some dogs exhibit pain and lameness on one or both hind legs, but you may not notice any symptoms at all in a dog with hip dysplasia. (X-ray is the safest way of diagnosing the problem.) Arthritis can develop in the aging dog.

Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be used for breeding. When acquiring a puppy, ask the breeder to provide proof of testing for hip dysplasia and also that the puppy has no other problems.

Progressive retinal atrophobia (PRA)PRA is a family of eye diseases that involve the gradual deterioration of the retina. In the initial stage of the disease dogs become night blind. As the disease progresses, they will also lose their day vision.

Many dogs adapt very well to limited, or complete, loss of vision as long as their environment remains constant.

Hypothyroidism: This is a disease of the thyroid gland that is believed to cause conditions such as epilepsy, hair loss, obesity, lethargy, dark skin patches and other skin conditions. It is treated with medicines. Diet treated.

Wobbler Syndrome: The disease is believed to be hereditary in Dobermans, affected dogs suffer from spinal cord compression due to cervical instability of the cervical vertebrae, or from a deformed spinal canal.

Extreme symptoms are neck pain and paralysis of the legs. Surgical treatments are hotly debated, as the disease can recur in some cases despite surgery.

Cardiomyopathy: A disease of the heart muscle, which becomes thin and weak. It is characterized by dilation (dilatation) of the heart chambers, resulting in an abnormally large heart.

This disease eventually leads to heart failure, as the damaged heart muscle is too weak to pump blood efficiently to the rest of the body. There are various treatments that include oxygen, infusion therapy, and medication to improve heart function.

AlbinismAlbinism is a genetic defect that occurs in the Doberman Pinscher. An albino is not just a white dog, but a dog with pink skin and nose, and blue or light eyes.

Albinos are sensitive to sunlight and can suffer from a variety of diseases, including cancer and eye problems. Albino dogs should not be used for breeding.

Color mutant alopecia: This disease is related to blue or beige coat colors. It concerns blue. Sometimes red dobies. Most dogs that develop this disease are born with a normal coat; the first symptoms usually appear between four months to three years of age.

As the dog grows, it develops brittle hair, followed by patchy hair loss. Only the blue areas of the coat are affected. Secondary infections. Secondary infections are common. The disease is incurable, but medicated shampoos can reduce the scaling and scratching.

NarcolepsyThis neurological disorder is caused by the inability of the brain to regulate waking and sleeping patterns. A dog with narcolepsy may suddenly become drowsy and fall asleep. The research of a treatment possibility was initiated.

Gastric torsion: Often referred to as bloat, this life-threatening condition affects large dogs with a deep chest, such as Dobermans, especially if they eat only one large meal a day, eat quickly, drink large amounts of water, or exercise excessively after eating.

Some people believe that increased feeding rates and type of food can contribute to the disease. Gastric torsion occurs when the stomach is distended, or filled with air, and twists. The dog cannot burp or vomit to rid itself of excess air in its stomach, plus blood flow to the heart is impeded. Blood prere drops. The dog goes into shock. Without immediate medical treatment, the dog may die. Ame gastric torsion if your dog has a distended abdomen, drools excessively and retches without vomiting.

In addition, he can be restless, depressed, lethargic and weak, and have a fast heartbeat. Be sure to take your dog to the vet as soon as possible.

There is a presumption that the tendency for gastric torsion is hereditary, so affected dogs should be neutered or sterilized.


The Doberman Pinscher fits best in a suburban or rural area where there is plenty of room to romp around. He needs plenty of daily exercise; his needs can be tiring for owners who are not up to the task. He needs a home with a secure fence, not only for his own safety, but also for the safety of people and animals who accidentally come onto his lawn.

He should not be left alone for long periods of time, or relegated to the backyard, as a yard dog. He should also not be chained. The Dobie needs to be part of his family. Participate in all family activities.

The Dobie needs early socialization and training. Like any dog, it becomes quarrelsome if it has not been adequately socialized at a young age. Early socialization will ensure that your Dobie puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.

Cropping is usually done on the very young puppy. Ear cropping, however, is the responsibility of the owner, not the breeder, and is performed by a veterinarian when the puppy is a few months old.

Require surgery and several months of subsequent grooming. If you like the look of cropped ears, consider the care and cost as well.

The public reaction to the dobie is usually a fearful one. It is wise to treat this sensitively. Leash your Dobie in public places.

Dog Coat Colors

The smooth, soft Dobie coat is short and lies close to the skin. Around the neck he may have a slight undercoat. His coat colors are: Black, red, blue and beige. Above each eye; on the muzzle, neck, chest, and on the legs and paws, he has rust-colored markings.

The Dobie's smooth coat requires minimal grooming. He is a clean dog, with minimal doggy odor. Don't be fooled by his coat length – the short coat is hairy.

Weekly brushing with a grooming mitt, or rubber bar, is sufficient, as is a bath if the Dobie rolls in something smelly or plays in the mud. However, frequent/regular bathing is unnecessary.

Brush your Dobie's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria. Daily brushing is even better to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your dog's claws once or twice a month if he does not wear them down naturally. If you hear the claws clacking on the ground, they are too long. Short, well-trimmed claws keep paws in good condition.

Dog claws have blood vessels in them and if you cut too far, you can cause bleeding – and your dog might refuse the next time he sees the nail clipper. So if you don't have experience with cutting the dog's claws, ask a vet or groomer for advice.

You should check his ears weekly for redness and bad odor to detect infections early on. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball soaked in a gentle PH neutral ear cleaner to prevent infection. Do not insert anything into the ear canal.

Start getting your Dobie used to brushing and being examined when he is still a puppy. Touch his paws often – dogs are sensitive on the paws – and look in his mouth.

While grooming, look for sores, rashes, and signs of infection, such as redness, tenderness, or skin infections, in the nose, mouth, eyes, and paws.

Children And Other Animals

The well-behaved Doberman is a wonderful family dog. He is reliable and protective of the children of his family, as long as he is socialized and well trained. Children must be respectful and friendly towards the Dobie and he will do the same to them.

He is also friendly towards other dogs and animals in his home, especially if he grew up with them. Towards other dogs, outside his family, he may react aggressively if he believes they threaten his family.


A long time ago, in the late 19. In the 19th century, there was a tax collector named Louis Dobermann who lived in Apolda, Turingen, in Germany. His job as a bill collector was dangerous, as there were bandits in the area who would attack him on his rounds.

Doberman was also the town's dog catcher, so he often took a dog with him for protection. Doberman began to breed dogs to be a loyal companion and protector. The result of his breeding experiments was the early Doberman Pinscher.

There is no record of which dogs Doberman used to create his breed, though it is speculated that the Rottweiler, German Pinscher, and black and brown terriers were part of the mix. 1876 the Dobie was shown for the first time. Received with great enthusiasm.

When Dobermann died in 1894, the true knowledge of breed combinations to create the Dobie was also buried. Because of his contribution to the creation of the breed, the dog was named after him, in his honor.

By the end of the 19. By the end of the nineteenth century, German breeders who carried on Dobermann's work were more concerned with function than appearance. They wanted the Doberman to be a "super dog" make. At first they bred only the bravest, smartest, fastest and most tenacious dogs. They succeeded almost too well – the breed became known for its stubbornness and aggressiveness.

A breeder named Otto Goeller is credited with molding the Doberman into a more useful dog, and in 1900 the German Kennel Club recognized the Doberman Pinscher.

Around 1908 the Dobie was brought to the United States. Legend has it that the first Dobie brought to America was shown at a dog show and won the "Best of Show" award at three consecutive shows Received, even before one of the judges dared to open the dog's mouth to check his teeth.

In 1921 the Doberman Pinscher Club of America was founded. One year later the breed standard written in Germany was adopted.

The next 15 years were critical for the development of the Dobies. During the 1. During World War II, the number of Dobies in Europe declined sharply as starving people could no longer feed them. Surviving Dobies were owned by the military, police and the wealthy. Breeding was luxury; only the very best were bred. After 1921, almost all German sires were. Descendants of the Spitz brought to the United States. Then came the 2. World War II and the Doberman Pinscher was again in danger in Germany. Many believe that if Americans had not previously brought so many dogs to the United States, the breed would now be extinct. In the mid-1900s, the Germans adopted the word "Pinscher from the frame. The British did the same a few years later.

Over the years, breeders worked diligently to take the edge off of the Dobie's original sharp personality, with good results. Although the Doberman is protective of his family and home, he is known as a loving and loyal companion.

Temperament / Activity

Louis Dobermann, born in Apolda in 1834, was a dog catcher, tax collector, night policeman and knacker. He bred sharp dogs that were considered unconditional fighters, incorruptible guards and predatory hunting dogs, man-sharp and not impressed by stick shots or gunshots.

It is not known which breeds he used, but he laid the foundation for the breeding of a beautiful, elegant guard dog with a lot of grit and temperament. The Doberman is easy to handle, attentive and eager to learn. The pronounced one-man dog attaches closely to only one person, accepting only her. He survives changes of ownership only with great difficulty. He is intolerant to dogs. Reluctant to strangers. Early habituation to conspecifics and humans can prevent the Doberman from becoming a bully or biter.

Since some Dobermann owners do not want the sociable, well-socialized dog at all, but still support its nature, the Dobermann unfortunately often falls into disrepute. This low-maintenance, highly spirited domestic companion needs plenty of exercise and activity; it is always alert, always in a "hawk-eye" position.

Barking and a tendency to poach must be discouraged from an early age. The Doberman should definitely enjoy a solid training. The recognized service dog is not suitable for comfortable people. Should never be purchased rashly. The short straight hair is easy to groom.

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