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The Dobermann belongs to the popular German dog breeds. With good training, he is a great family dog that stands by his pack. For beginners the dog is rather not suitable, because he captivates with intelligence, courage and protective instinct, which want to be steered in the right directions. Learn everything about the history, the nature and other interesting facts about the Doberman in this article. [Read article]
Traits and characteristics Doberman
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Well trained, the Doberman is a friendly and curious dog, which is affectionate and also open to children. Dobermans prefer to have their pack around them all the time. The Doberman does not like to be left alone. If he is locked up or left to himself, he can develop an aggressive nature. The Doberman needs a lot of exercise. This makes the dog perfect for use in service or sports. Dobermans feel comfortable wherever they have a task and are challenged. Finally, the dogs have been bred as working, working and guard dogs. They need a physical and mental workout to be balanced and content. Sports like agility, obedience, tracking or swimming the Doberman does with enthusiasm. The breed is therefore not suitable for beginners. The dogs are characterized by their courage, high intelligence, alertness and good leadership. Dobermans that are bored often display behavioral disorders. In his basic mood the Doberman is peaceful. He is attentive, obedient but also very sensitive. A too tight hand does more harm than good. A loving and consistent education is important, because the dog has a great protective instinct. As a kennel dog, the Doberman is only conditionally suitable, because he wants to be with his people. In addition, the dogs do not have an undercoat, which makes them sensitive to the cold. Thanks to its short, robust coat, the breed requires little maintenance.
History of the Doberman
The Doberman got its name from Friedrich Louis Dobermann from Apolda, the first known breeder of the breed. F. L. Doberman mated in breeding mainly dogs that were fearless and courageous. He crossed his favorite bitch "Schnuppe" with dogs from the region of Apolda. With the mongrel dog was crossed a butcher dog, a predecessor of the Rotweiler, and a kind of shepherd dog. Bastards from different breeds Pinscher. Hunting dog as well as Greyhound gave the dog a slender physique. The result was a working, working and guard dog, very vigilant. In breeding were sometimes used dogs that were very tough and aggressive. Early the new breed was discovered as a police dog. He received the nickname "gendarme dog. But Dobermans were also used in hunting. Here they were used in the fight against predatory game. In both world wars Dobermans were mainly dogs in the German army. As mine detection, reporting and ambulance dogs, they were able to demonstrate their skills. However, the Dobermann also had a stale aftertaste, because the dogs were used as service dogs in concentration camps.
After the death of Friedrich Dobermann Otto Goller took over some dogs from his breeding and mated them further. Goller sold the offspring from breeding as far as South America. He was also chairman of the "Dobermann-Pinscher-Klub-Apolda", founded in 1899, which was renamed in the following years. Besides Friedrich Dobermann and Otto Goller, Gustav Krumbholz and Goswin Tischler are also considered to be the founders of the Dobermann breed.
In the beginning, the ears and tail of the puppies were docked. As a result, people who were attacked by the dogs could not grab the dog by the ears and tail. In 1987 the docking of the ears was forbidden in Germany. In 1998, the ban on amputation of the tail was added. These dogs are also not allowed at exhibitions. In the meantime the docking is forbidden in most European countries.
By the way, Doberman "Kurt" was the first dog to be buried in the National War Dog Cemetery. He saved a troop of U.S. Marines from a grenade in the 1944 Battle of Guam.