Does electrosmog make us ill and what influence does 5g have-

Does electrosmog make you sick?Electrosmog is the colloquial term for pollution caused by electrical and electromagnetic radiation. This surrounds. Pervades us every day. The proportion of electrical and digital devices in our households and in industry is steadily increasing. But is our health affected by the electromagnetic fields (EMF)? // By Elena Eggert

According to the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), two percent of Germans describe themselves as electrosensitive. They are convinced to get headaches, nausea, dizziness, sleep or concentration disorders due to electromagnetic radiation. However, electrosensitivity is not a recognized disease, since it has not yet been possible to prove that EMF is the trigger of the symptoms. Many experts also suspect that mere concern could also trigger complaints. "Electrosensitivity is subjective. I have no doubt that people are really in pain, but I guess the trigger is more psychological", says Professor Hans Helmuth Schafer. He is a senior professor at Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences. Has lectured on the subject of electromagnetic environmental compatibility held.

Sick due to electromagnetic radiation

Karin Chlupaty often hears that her symptoms have psychological causes. She describes herself as electrosensitive. Karin Chlupaty is a trained dental assistant. Works in the administration of the Wissenschaftsladen Bonn (WILA). Karin Chulpaty describes feeling radiation from cell towers and Wi-Fi routers, even though she can't see them and doesn't know if Wi-Fi is on. The first signs she feels are headaches and pain in the nerves in the shoulder and neck area and a tinnitus in the ear. The longer she is exposed to the radiation, the more intense the pain becomes, she feels as if she is drunk and can no longer concentrate. The complaints are greatest when she is on the road. "I hardly go to restaurants anymore and shopping at Ikea is an ordeal for me", she describes. To protect herself from the radiation, Karin Chlupaty wears a poncho interwoven with silver threads. She also does educational work, since electrosensitivity is relatively unknown and she also experiences a lot of contradiction.

Klaus Trost is an electrosmog expert at WILA in Bonn and measures, among other things, electromagnetic radiation exposure in homes and public buildings. He says: "Electrosensitivity is much rarer than you think. Only when the immune system is weakened, for example through exposure to heavy metals, and one is frequently exposed to high levels of radiation, does electrosensitivity occur.". In the case of Karin Chlupaty, Klaus Trost suspects high exposure to mercury during her time as a dental assistant. Mercury is contained in amalgam, which is used for dental fillings.

Does electrosmog make people ill and what influence does 5g have?

5G and the Internet of Things should be able to network a wide variety of devices in the future. // Source: Pixabay

The fifth generation of mobile communications

The new mobile communications standard 5G, which is scheduled to be available in Germany from 2020, is of particular concern to Karin Chulpaty. She fears that with the expansion her complaints will become even worse. With 5G, the data transmission rate increases again significantly to up to 10.0000 megabytes per second. The idea behind 5G is not just to enable faster data connections on cell phones and computers, but also to network households and industry.

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Does electrosmog make you sick and what influence does 5g have?

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Differences between low and high frequency radiation

When talking about electrical radiation, it is important to distinguish between two different types of radiation: Low-frequency electrical and magnetic radiation and high-frequency electromagnetic radiation. Electric household appliances are operated with low-frequency alternating current. When a device is connected to power, it is surrounded by an electric field, whether the device is on or not. When the appliance is switched on and power is consumed, an additional magnetic field is generated. In addition to electrical household appliances, electric motors, transformers, electric heaters and high-voltage power lines from Low-frequency fields Surround. From a frequency range of 100 kilohertz to 300 gigahertz, electric and magnetic fields always occur together, which is why we speak of high-frequency electromagnetic fields. These spread in waves and transmit radio signals for broadcasting or mobile telephony. High-frequency electromagnetic radiation also emanates from smartphones, tablets and WLAN routers. The following applies to both types of radiation: The higher the power consumption or. the higher the power, the stronger the fields are. The intensity of the low and high-frequency fields decreases with increasing distance. In household appliances, according to BfS, magnetic fields are already very low from a distance of 30 centimeters.

The main difference between 5G and 4G (LTE) is that the new mobile standard uses a higher frequency range. "Electromagnetic radiation in the frequency range of several gigahertz does not penetrate the body; instead, the skin is heavily exposed", fears Klaus Trost. In addition, 5G has a shorter range. In the long term, therefore, many small radio cells will have to be reached, which will then inevitably come closer to people. Since the rollout is a major challenge, the technology is only being tested in metropolitan areas and at individual locations for the time being.

Electric currents in the body

Natural currents flow in the human body. Nerves transmit their signals through electrical impulses. Almost all metabolic processes are based on the movement of charged particles. Currents are generated in the body by low-frequency magnetic fields. The higher the field strength, the greater the effects on health. Light perceptions, such as flashes of light, also called phosphenes, are the first effects of radiation. These occur already at 50 millivolts per meter. But it is not known whether phosphenes affect health. Four to six volts per meter are needed to irritate the nerve fibers in the skin or cause muscle twitching. At twelve volts per meter, heart contractions and ventricular fibrillation occur. The basic limit for artificial electric currents in the body is 20 millivolts per meter, which is even lower than the natural field strength in the body, which ranges from five to 50 millivolts per meter.

Thermal effect due to high-frequency radiation

The warming effect of electromagnetic fields on the human body is undisputed. This absorbs high-frequency radiation and the specific absorption rate (SAR) indicates the power per time per body weight (watts per kilogram). Water molecules in the body move in time with the frequency, so friction occurs and the temperature rises. The BfS points to animal experiments in which the body temperature was heated by significantly more than one degree Celsius over a longer period of time. The consequences were metabolic disorders, behavioral changes and disruption of embryonic development. In addition, brain. Testicles sensitive to heat. When talking on a cell phone, the head can heat up. "The SAR limit of two watts per kilogram of body weight is designed to "heat up" the head by a maximum of 0.5 degrees Celsius, explains Hans Helmuth Schafer. Thermal changes have also been observed below the limits, but no health effects have been demonstrated. Legal limits also apply to 5G.

An overview of the various limit values

The limit value describes the maximum permissible electric field strength in the body. Low-frequency magnetic fields penetrating the body generate electrical currents in the body.

SAR limit: Two watts per kilogram

The limit value describes the maximum permitted specific absorption rate in the body. The human body absorbs high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.

Power supply limits: Five kilovolts per meter or 100 tesla

The limit value describes the maximum permitted electric field strength or magnetic flux density for power supply systems.

Possible exceeding of limits

Klaus Trost takes a critical view of the limit values and says: "Limit values can quickly be exceeded. For example, low-frequency stray fields in induction stoves are not zero". In fact, the limits can be reached or exceeded with an induction stove, depending on how it is used. The intensity of the magnetic fields increases if the cookware is not made of a suitable material, if the active cooking zones are not completely covered or if there is no distance to the edge of the stove. An influence on health cannot be ruled out here.

Link between leukemia and power lines

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified low-frequency electrical radiation as possibly carcinogenic in 2002. This was due to epidemiological studies showing that there is a link between childhood leukemia and residence near power lines. From a magnetic flux density of 0.4 microtesla, there was an increased risk of developing one of the three types of childhood cancer (leukemias, CNS tumors and malignant lymphomas). The limit value for the power supply is 100 microtesla.

Radiation promotes growth of cancer tumors

In 2010, the Frauenhofer Institute again conducted a study on high-frequency fields, in which mice were treated with a carcinogenic substance and subsequently exposed to electromagnetic radiation. The EMFs promoted the growth of the tumor, but they were not the trigger. In addition, the radiation had a growth-promoting effect only after the tumor had already developed. To verify this, the experiments were repeated at Jacobs University in Bremen and the researchers came to the same conclusion.

All-clear below the limits

"According to current knowledge, there is no health risk below the recommended limits", explains Sarah Drieben from the Research Center for Electromagnetic Environmental Compatibility (femu) at the RWTH Aachen University Hospital. The femu also runs the EMF portal, where studies on the topic are collected. In the frequency range of common mobile radio you can find more than 1200 studies in the EMF-Portal. In contrast, there are only about 200 studies on frequencies from 30 to 100 gigahertz, i.e. the frequency range of 5G. Some findings from studies with 4G can be transferred to 5G to a large extent, because many technical aspects are comparable with 4G and extra-wide frequency ranges were investigated in the studies.

Need for research in the field of long-term studies

BfS believes that there is still a need for research, especially to better assess long-term effects. The BfS explains why there is still no conclusive assessment on the subject with the fact that the technology is still too young. Cancers, for example, develop over relatively long periods of 20 to 30 years. A long-term international study, which has not yet been completed, is the cohort study Cosmos. As part of this study, researchers have been monitoring the health of 290 people in six European countries since 2007.000 cell phone users over a period of 20 to 30 years. The Federal Network Agency checks whether limit values of transmission masts are complied with. In addition, you can read on the website how high the frequencies are at different sites.

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