Does my dog suffer from diabetes mellitus dr. Sam

Does my dog suffer from diabetes mellitus? – What is behind it?Does my dog suffer from diabetes mellitus dr. sam

Diabetes mellitus, popularly known as diabetes, can affect not only people, but also dogs and cats. This common metabolic disorder means that the body can no longer regulate its sugar balance properly. Animals suffering from diabetes mellitus, show certain symptoms. How to recognize it and what is behind this disease, you will learn in this article.

Definition

Diabetes mellitus (sugar disease) is a very common metabolic disease. Dogs that get it show sometimes severe symptoms. If the disease is discovered very late, your four-legged friend may suffer from other consequences of diabetes. For elevated blood prere, damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys and complaints with the eyes, are the consequences.

If this metabolic disorder is detected in time, it can be treated. Basically, however, diabetes mellitus not a disease that can be cured, but which will accompany you and your four-legged friend for a lifetime. So it means for your dog that you must Watching your four-legged friend's diet must and additional insulin doses are necessary.

Cause

Usually the body regulates its blood sugar level on its own. After a dog eats, the sugar level in the blood increases and the Hormone insulin is released. This insulin allows sugar into the cells of the body can be excreted. There it is needed as an energy supplier. Subsequently, the blood glucose level in the entire body drops again.

In the case of diabetes mellitus, on the other hand, the pancreas insulin is no longer sufficient. Thus it comes to the fact that the blood sugar level in the body continues to rise remains and cannot be regulated. As a rule, this metabolic disorder occurs in our dogs, due to an autoimmune inflammation. This means that due to a malfunction of the immune system body's own cells and organs are attacked are. Thus, the insulin-producing regions (islet cells) in the pancreas are destroyed. Other diseases can also lead to the development of diabetes mellitus. These include z. B. inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) or pancreatic cancer.

symptoms and diagnosis

The most common symptoms of diabetes mellitus include drinking a lot and increased urine output.

This is due to the fact that too pass a lot of sugar through the urine is brought out of the body, causing a significant loss of water from the body. To counteract this loss of water, a sick dog drinks a lot. In addition, this loss of sugar. energy supplier to increased hunger. Finally energy sources replenished in the same way become. Despite all this patients lose weight, because the energy source for the cells in the body, can no longer be absorbed. However, other symptoms may occur in dogs suffering from diabetes mellitus. That is why we have 7 top symptoms of diabetes in dogs put together:

On average, a dog drinks 60 milliliters per kilogram of body weight per day. But these amounts can also depend on the diet. So it happens that dogs that are fed with wet food, drink less than that with dry food. If you are unsure whether your dog is drinking too much, you can use the Measure the amount of water. You can do this by using a measuring cup to measure how much water you put in the bowl. So you can estimate the water needs of your favorite. If you are unsure if your dog has diabetes mellitus, you should seek veterinary advice. Besides a General examination of your four-legged friend various questions are asked. These include u. a. whether your dog shows symptoms such as increased water drinking or urination, but also since when you have noticed these behaviors. To check whether your dog is suffering from diabetes, you can then various examinations may be necessary: Blood and urine test. In addition to determining the blood sugar level (glucose), values in the blood can also be determined, which indicate whether there has been a long-term increase in sugar (fructosamine) in the body. In addition, it is checked whether sugar can also be excreted through the urine will. Especially the blood tests are also used to control the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Thus, diseased dogs are regularly checked to see whether the Treatment with insulin sufficient is attacked, or whether z. B. the amount of insulin must be further adjusted.

Therapy

Dogs that suffer from diabetes mellitus are mostly treated with insulin for life and thus lead a normal life. Because a cure is only possible in rare cases. The correct adjustment to an insulin dose requires some work in the beginning. Because you, as the owner, must learn to inject your dog with insulin and control the blood glucose levels. However, your veterinarian can help you with this and guide you and your dog through it. In addition to insulin therapy, there are a few other things you can do to support your dog with diabetes. For a healthy body weight also contributes to the treatment. So you may have to feed your dog twice a day, or maybe even special diets helpful are. Adequate exercise can also promote the uptake of insulin. But note that regular activity is good, but no extreme stress takes place Should.

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