Dog disease babesiosis due to spread of the Auwald tick in Saarland: infection, symptoms and more
For dogs dangerous tick spreads in the Saarland
In Saarland, a tick species is spreading whose bite can have serious consequences for dogs. The alluvial tick sometimes transmits the so-called babesiosis. It can even be fatal for four-legged friends.
Due to the bite of an alluvial tick, collie Laika was infected with the dangerous dog disease babesiosis. Photos: Tim Brakemeier& Katja Sponholz/dpa Bildfunk
Collie owner Emmi Lingnau (60) from the Saarland had luck in the misfortune. Your bitch Laika was walking from an tick bitten been – and had been infected with Babesiosis infected. It is only thanks to the quick diagnosis of the veterinarian that the Collie lady was able to receive the so-called "dog malaria survived.
Dog disease babesiosis: infection and symptoms
Babesiosis is Alluvial tick (Dermacentor reticulatus) transmitted. Infection with babesia causes the destroyed red blood cells are. For humans the pathogen is harmless. In dogs, on the other hand, a disease can even lead to death.
With symptoms like high fever or dark, bloody urine, should be visited as soon as possible a veterinarian. Even if a dog no longer eat or stand up wants, these can be signs of babesiosis. The Symptoms However, the symptoms vary depending on the animal and the pathogen. Thus, the disease can also be associated with blood anemia, pale mucous membranes, edema, hemorrhages or eye diseases accompany.
Alluvial forest tick spreads in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate
Most strongly from the alluvial tick und babesia are affected the Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate and the Freiburg area. This is shown by data from the Freiburg veterinary laboratory, which examines blood samples from all over Germany. According to its head, the veterinary specialist for parasitology Dieter Barutzki there is especially in the southwest this year " already such a high number of positive cases as we have not seen in a long time – perhaps even like never before". This is reported by the German Press Agency.
Reasons for this could be besides the climate change also the entry of infected dogs from abroad and the proximity to France could be. Also increased ground heat – for example, by district heating lines or mining – could favor the spread of the ticks, according to Saarbrucken veterinarian Guido Arz.
Tick bites even in winter
Also the veterinary surgeon from Saarbruecken is located: " This year it is particularly bad". In recent weeks, he had already treated more than 20 dogs with babesiosis. Four of them alone on two days of the last week of March. Also the Winter does not give the all-clear. " The last case I had at Christmas, the first again in January," says employee Danny Eisenbarth.
How babesiosis is diagnosed
If a dog shows symptoms such as bloody urine or fever, first a weighted Differential diagnosis important. Veterinarian Jessica Cremer from the veterinary hospital Birkenfeld in Rhineland-Palatinate explains: " That is, the most important and worst is clarified first." For this purpose first of all, where the dog comes from and which History he has. Veterinarzt:innen clarify besides routinely whether the animal over one Tick protection disposes. "The good thing is, many things can be caused by a quick blood test then be narrowed down," the veterinarian.
How to recognize the alluvial tick
It can also be helpful in the diagnosis to have the distinguish alluvial tick from other species to be able. Unlike the wood tick they are not brown or black but have a Patterns on their shell. "Dog owners should pay attention when removing such a tick. Then immediately to the vet go", advises the animal welfare practical woman Meike Voss.
Treatment, recovery and late effects
Babesiosis is treated with antiparasitic agents, which are injected into the affected dogs. These kill the pathogens. Depending on the degree of infection, some animals have to hospitalized become. However, some dogs even after completing therapy with Late effects to fight. These include kidney problems or difficulties with the musculoskeletal system. Laika needed about four months to recover. Even two years after the infection, the Collie bitch is still not the same, reports Emmi Lingnau.
This is how owners:inside can protect their dogs
Dog owners should regularly treat their animals with a suitable tick protection provide. This can take the form of Spot-on preparations, tablets or collars occur. Veterinarian Danny Eisenbarth observes, however, that vaccination anxiety and fear of chemicals also runs through veterinary medicine. "At the same time, any disease transmitted by ticks is 1000 times more dangerous," he says.
Today, owner Emmi Lingnau also regrets having relied on coconut oil, black cumin and garlic granules instead of chemical tick protection. " I thought it was a good alternative because many have had good experiences with it." After Laika's illness, she gave her dogs a conventional medical protection administered.