A dog vaccination is not due every day. Fortunately, a puppy gets sick also rather rarely. However, it is important to observe the little one every day to detect possible diseases in time. In addition, the four-legged friend needs a little care day after day. Under the article you can also find information about the treatment of the dog diseases.
As a supplement to our guide, we recommend the book "Patient Dog: Prevent, recognize and treat diseases".
Our topics for you:
What symptoms or abnormalities may indicate a disease?
Diarrhea in dogs
A few times soft or even liquid stool is still a reason for concern. A diet can help, i.e. skipping one or two meals, giving only dry food and fennel or chamomile tea in a weak concentration to drink, mixing canned food with rice. If the symptoms persist the next day or even get worse, or if the little one seems restless or if there is blood in the stool, go straight to the vet. Diarrhea can have very different causes: Poisoning, a too sumptuous meal, food allergy or even the dangerous gastric torsion.
Constipation in dogs
The same applies to constipation. It can already happen that a puppy has some difficulty in defecation. But if the little one can not get loose at all the whole day and feels uncomfortable (whines, seems restless), then it is also time to consult a medical professional. Possible cause: the puppy has swallowed a foreign body, be it a Lego stone or a cartilage, which narrows the intestinal outlet. Constipation can also be due to dehydration, if the little one is not provided with enough water. Also a tumor can lead to constipation, but in puppy age this is rather unlikely. Give the four-legged friend to drink, gently massage his belly. If this feels hard, you should also go to the vet immediately.
This particular pose, when a dog sits on its buttocks, stretches its hind legs forward, pulls itself forward with its front paws as well, and rubs its buttocks over the ground, is often called "sledding". There is something wrong with the puppy in this case. It may be that the little one has a dirty bottom after diarrhea or even after a normal bowel movement. It may be that he could not completely detach and something "A-a" stuck to the butt. In this case it is sufficient to wipe the dog's backside with a soft cloth (always have paper towels with you when you go for a walk)!) to clean and wipe again at home with a damp cloth.
But it can be that the little one suffers from an inflammation of the anal glands. These two small glands are located a little below the anus, on its left and right side. The function of the anal glands is to secrete an intense smelling secretion, which gives an "individual touch" to the feces. This is how a dog leaves its scent marks and makes itself known. The reasons for the blockage of the anal glands can be for example a too soft stool or a gastrointestinal disorder. An overprere is created in the gland, which is understandably perceived by the dog as very unpleasant. By "sledding" the quadruped tries to empty its anal glands. But usually it does not really succeed, so a visit to the vet is necessary. This expresses the anal glands.
If this condition is neglected, the gland becomes inflamed, an abscess develops. This bursts either inwards, allowing the bacteria to enter the bloodstream, or outwards, through the skin. In any case there is a risk of blood poisoning. Thus a high danger of life. While in some dogs the anal glands never become inflamed, there are also poor animals that have to undergo the procedure of squeezing all their lives. Every four to six weeks it goes then to the veterinary surgeon, the pressing out of the anal glands itself takes meanwhile only few minutes.
Tip: Please never try to express the anal glands yourself. On the one hand, you need at least two people for this, and on the other hand – and this is the most important thing – you need some expertise for it.
Frequent scratching and licking
Grooming is part of the daily hygiene even for a puppy. The little one licks its fur, scratches its ear with its hind leg and shakes vigorously. However, if this behavior becomes noticeably frequent, it should give the owner pause for thought. Scratching and licking are usually indications of skin irritations or ear infections, less often of neurological diseases. Skin irritations due to parasite infestation, food allergies or untreated wounds make the puppy lick its fur intensively and even bite at the sore spot. As a result, so-called hot spots – bald, inflamed areas can develop. The hot spots are to be cleaned with a cotton pad. To treat with an anti-inflammatory cream. However, if the cause is not identified and eliminated, new hot spots keep appearing. In the following we will go into more detail about skin diseases in puppies. Frequent shaking of the head. A crooked head posture indicates problems or. Diseases in the area of the ears. We also want to go into this in the further course.
Note: For some dogs licking becomes a kind of addiction. Licking with their rough tongues until a sore is formed. Sometimes these hot spots heal quickly, but it can also come to a dangerous inflammation. Lubricating with anti-inflammatory creams relieves the pain. Can also keep the puppy from further licking the spot. Quite often the reason for this behavior pattern is boredom, so keep yourself busy with your puppy. Especially at a tender age, the quadrupeds need a lot of attention.
Dog has bad breath
A puppy has a special baby aroma, it does not smell "like a dog". It is all the more worrying if the little one develops an unpleasant bad breath. In adult dogs, this symptom may indicate tartar, but in a puppy, tartar does not usually form, so bad breath is more likely to indicate digestive problems or possibly inflammation of the mouth and throat. However, if a dark brown plaque has already formed, then the puppy is probably prone to tartar buildup. In this case daily brushing of teeth becomes obligatory.
Panting and breathing problems
Since dogs do not have sweat glands on their skin, panting is the best way for them to cool down. panting occurs after romping and running, in hot weather and also from excitement. However, the panting usually subsides after a few minutes of rest. If the panting does not stop for a long time and also sounds croaky, this indicates a possible disease of the respiratory tract or even pneumonia. Even with a high fever, a dog will try to cool down by panting. Another cause may also be a heart defect or other heart disease. A heat stroke will also cause the puppy to pant intensively. Tip: If heat stroke is suspected, a puppy needs to cool down. Immediately put the puppy in the shade, let it drink a lot and give it as much rest as possible. More about first aid for dogs in our Special. Continuous panting is a clear sign that a visit to the vet is necessary.
If an otherwise lively puppy suddenly seems very quiet and even "absent-minded", creeps into a corner or under a bush and also shows no interest in his toys and treats, this is a cause for concern. Behind this symptom can be a serious disease in the offing, an insect bite or even a heat stroke. Note: Especially inexperienced and curious puppies can quickly be stung by a bee or wasp. It is usually sufficient to cool the affected area and possibly treat it with an anti-inflammatory cream. In case of a bee sting the sting remains in the wound. Continues to inject poison into the wound. The stinger should be removed with tweezers or tick forceps.
Illness is always an exceptional situation. By closely observing your little darling, you can recognize several potentially dangerous situations and act in time. In addition, the little puppy needs some daily care. It is not much and yet extremely important for animal health.