Dog has crusts on the skin 8 causes 2022 dog magic

Dog has crusts on skin | 8 causes [2022]When dogs have crusts on their skin, allergies or parasites are usually behind it. In some circumstances, however, it can also indicate hypothyroidism, skin fungus, seborrhea, a zinc deficiency, folliculitis or even Cushing's syndrome.

Incidentally, some breeds are also known to get skin problems very frequently. These include:

– Siberian Husky – dogs with many wrinkles – Chinese Crested Dog – Alaskan Malamute – dogs with long floppy ears [1]

Below you will learn about the 8 most common causes of crusts on the skin, its symptoms and what to do in a specific case.

#1 Allergies

Around one in five dogs are said to struggle with allergies. Triggered by certain irritants – the so-called "allergens". Typical example of them are:

– Pollen and grasses – Mold spores – Saliva from fleas – Detergents and soap – Insecticides and chemicals – Feathers and cat hair – Cigarette smoke [2]

Of all these causes, flea allergy occurs most frequently. Here affected dogs react allergically to the saliva of the parasites, causing crusting.

But also some food products can be considered here. This includes mainly dairy products, soy, cereals and all kinds of meat. Typical symptoms here are:

– Severe itching – Nausea and vomiting – Discharge from the nose – Dry and crusty skin – Swelling and redness – Constant sneezing [3]

For the diagnosis here first an allergy test is carried out. For treatment, drugs are usually used – so-called "antihistamines".

In the long term, however, it is important to keep away from the allergens. Because there is no cure for allergies. Prevention is therefore the be-all and end-all.

Alternatively, such a free food check can also help to get individual food recommendations as well as free food samples.

Various allergens, such as soap or mold spores, can cause crusts on the skin of dogs. In most cases, there are also other visible symptoms such as itching, sudden vomiting or reddening of the skin.

#2 Zinc deficiency

Zinc is primarily responsible for cell growth, wound healing, the immune system and various metabolic processes in the dog's body.

However, if the dog gets too little of them through his everyday food, then it also systematically leads to skin problems. Typical symptoms of this are:

– Crusts along the joints – Scaly skin around the mouth and eyes – Increased hair loss – Sudden inflammation of the skin – Wounds heal unusually slowly [4]

Dobermans, German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers, Great Danes and Alaskan breeds of dogs are the most frequently affected. [5]

The cause is mostly due to inferior dog food. Here I recommend to make a free feed check to find a suitable food.

At the same time, you will also be sent free samples of food from various manufacturers to try it out for yourself. Cooler it hardly goes.

Alternatively, you can also check out what dog food we currently use here. We also keep our recommendations up to date.

Dogs with a chronic zinc deficiency are more likely to have skin problems, which can include non-healing wounds and crusts. Here it is important to switch to a high quality dog food for prevention and treatment.

#3 Parasites

Hardly any dog is spared parasites during its lifetime. No matter whether it is lice, fleas, ticks or mites. In Germany all of them are represented. [6]

Fleas and ticks can usually be seen with the naked eye. With fleas you should look for small moving spots.

Mites and lice are usually too small for the human eye though. Here it is important to pay attention to the appropriate symptoms for diagnosis. Typical signs of this are:

The problem? About 50% of fleas carry bacterial pathogens. If these then get into an open wound, then it can also lead to further diseases. [8]

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In addition, it also has a long-term protection, which can last up to 6 months. This probably also explains the numerous positive reviews on Amazon.

If dogs get fleas, mites, ticks or lice, then it comes besides a strong itching also usually to problems with the skin. Affected dogs usually have crusts on the skin, red spots, scaly skin or even open wounds.

#4 Hypothyroidism

At the neck of the dogs is a pea-sized gland, which has a massive impact on the entire metabolism of the quadrupeds – the so-called "thyroid gland".

Its main function? The production of thyroid hormones. And exactly these hormones are needed for the metabolism, growth and regulation of the body. [9]

The problem? If there are too few of these hormonal helpers in the dog's system, it slows down almost all processes in the body. According to statistics, older dogs are more likely to suffer from allergies. Large breeds may be affected. In addition to all types of Great Danes, this also affects other four-legged friends:

– Golden Retriever – Irish Red Setter – Dachshund – Airedale Terrier – Doberman – Labrador Retriever

A thyroid underfunction is not curable. On the other hand, the disease can be treated very well by taking regular medications. [11]

Dogs with hypothyroidism often have a slow metabolism and skin problems due to hormonal reasons. It can be recognized mostly by a dry, scaly and crusty skin as well as constant tiredness. Fungal diseases are very common in dogs. Can basically occur anywhere. Particularly quadrupeds with a weak immune system are affected by it.

Because with a healthy immune system, the body's defenses are usually strong enough to prevent the spread of fungi. [12]

However, if the immune system is weakened due to diseases, allergies, parasites or injuries, then fungi spread very quickly. Typical symptoms here are:

Most often affected are dogs with many wrinkles, long floppy ears and breeds like the Shih-Tzu, German Boxer, West Highland White Terrier and the Poodle.

For treatment here usually special creams and shampoos are used. Depending on the location and severity, drops and medications are also prescribed.

As a home remedy, compresses with yogurt and the application of coconut oil and tea tree oil should also help. Compared to medical treatment, however, the effect is small. [14]

Dogs with skin fungus usually get dry and cracked skin. Among other things, a fungal infection can also be manifested by a musty smell, reddening of the skin, crusts on the skin or swelling. For treatment, the veterinarian should be consulted here.

#6 Folliculitis

When the top layer of skin in dogs becomes diseased, causing the hair follicle to become inflamed, doctors also refer to this as "folliculitis". Typical triggers of this are:

– Bacteria – fungi – hormonal disorders – injuries – allergies [15]

In addition to a scaly and crusty skin, there are also usually other symptoms. Typical signs here are:

– Redness – Itching – Sensitivity to touch – Small pustules – Isolated hair loss [16]

Since in most cases bacteria are responsible for the inflammation, antibiotics are usually recommended. However, creams can also help with fungus and lesions.

To prevent the spread, you should also immediately consult a veterinarian. Depending on the cause, shampoos, special drops or baths may also be sufficient.

Dogs with folliculitis usually have several red spots on the skin, which can lead to crusting. Among other things, affected quadrupeds react very sensitively when touching the area and also scratch constantly. The treatment here depends on the cause.

#7 Cushing's syndrome

Normally, stress hormones are only released in the dog's body when there is an emergency or the dog feels threatened.

In the case of Cushing's syndrome, however, the body constantly produces stress hormones regardless of the life situation, so that the dog is always on the alert. [17]

In addition to trembling, such a disease is also usually accompanied by skin problems. Typical signs here are:

The causes for this can be versatile. In most cases, however, a tumor disease of the pituitary gland is responsible.

If the cause is genetic, then special medications are usually used for treatment. Tumors, on the other hand, are mainly removed surgically. [19]

In the case of Cushing's syndrome, affected dogs produce too many stress hormones, so that the balance of the skin is disturbed. Among other things, this manifests itself in cracked skin, a constant thirst, crusts on the skin, hair loss and a constant urge to urinate.

#8 Seborrhea

Seborrhea is a skin disease that primarily leads to scaly and crusty skin in dogs. Genetics may be responsible in some breeds. These include:

– Golden Retriever – Doberman – English Springer Spaniel – Dachshund – West Highland White Terrier – Labrador Retriever – American Cocker Spaniel – Basset Hounds [20]

In addition to genetics, allergies, parasites, nutrient deficiencies, autoimmune diseases and hormonal imbalances can also be the cause.

Depending on the cause and severity, the symptoms can look slightly different. The skin becomes either very dry. Cracked or unusually oily.

Since it is usually accompanied by severe itching, affected dogs are also more likely to scratch themselves sore. Open wounds, bleeding and crusts are more common here.

For diagnosis you should visit the vet. There is mostly a blood test, a stool examination and a few dander in the laboratory examined.

Only in some cases this disease is curable. To alleviate and prevent the discomfort, salmon oil and special shampoos can help. [21]

Dogs with seborrhea get either very dry, scaly and crusty skin or the exact opposite, depending on the species. Mostly the cause lies in the genes. In this case, the disease is not curable, but can be treated well.

Other potential causes

In rare individual cases, other causes are also possible. These include:

– Excessive bathing: Bathing too frequently or using aggressive shampoos. – Pyoderma: a bacterial skin inflammation that leads to sores and crusts. Weather: The combination of cold. Dry air can dry out the skin. Hot spot: superficial circular. Red skin inflammation. – Impetigo: Purulent skin inflammation that occurs primarily in puppies. [22]

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dog has crusts on the skin 8 causes 2022 dog magic

dog has crusts on the skin 8 causes 2022 dog magic

dog has crusts on the skin 8 causes 2022 dog magic

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