Dog vaccination which vaccinations are useful

Vaccinations in dogsVaccinations in dogs are nowadays a matter of course. Already as puppies dogs get a Vaccination protection to the basic immunization. Against which diseases it is common to vaccinate, which dog vaccinations are optionally available to you and how often a booster is usually given, you can find out here. Also the overview Costs and Side effects are interesting for dog owners.

The basic immunization for puppies

When do dogs actually need to be vaccinated? The first basic immunization, should be given at about the Age of eight weeks take place when the dogs are still small. If you buy your puppy at a Breeder, it is usual that the first canine vaccinations are initiated by it. If you decide to get a dog from the Animal shelter to adopt, pay attention to whether he has already received a basic immunization. If this is not the case, it is recommended to go with the quadruped to the veterinary surgeon, in order to let it, for its protection, inoculate.

In order to build up a reliable vaccination protection, the immunization is first carried out against the following four diseases: distemper, leptospirosis, parviriosis and hepatitis. The Follow-up vaccinations, which the doctor initiates at the age of 12 and 16 weeks and after about one year, is useful to ensure the effect of the basic immunization. From the second vaccination it is recommended to vaccinate additionally against rabies.

Vaccinating dogs is not obligatory for you as an owner, but, according to veterinary opinion, it is recommended.

Puppy at the vet

Vaccination dog – An overview of the most important

There are five vaccinations that a dog should receive to protect it from certain Diseases to protect. These are considered part of the basic immunization. The following is a list of diseases you should have your dog vaccinated against. They are recommended by the Standige Impfkommission Veterinarmedizin (StIKo Vet.) also called core vaccinations (compulsory vaccinations).

Vaccination against distemper

Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease, which is already known since the 18th century. In most cases, young dogs, approximately eight weeks to six months of age, are affected by the disease. The danger of infection is mostly caused by mutual licking. This is why vaccination protection in puppyhood is especially important. Once broken out, distemper can affect various internal organs, the nervous system as well as the eye.

Symptoms, however, depend on the form of the disease. can occur both Enteric distemper, so also Pulmonary distemper or Nervous distemper. Accordingly, the disease can manifest itself through various symptoms, such as diarrhea, vomiting, eye or nasal discharge, sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, fatigue and fever. The most common is the nerve distemper, which can also affect the eyes.

Not infrequently distemper also attacks the teeth, leads to serious consequential damage the brain and even ends with Death of the animal.

Vaccination against hepatitis

The technical term hepatitis (short: H.c.c.) stands for a contagious liver inflammation, caused by an adenovirus. Puppies in particular are susceptible to the virus, which they catch by sniffing other dogs' urine or genitals.

If the dogs are young and not vaccinated, sudden death of the animal can even occur if they are infected with hepatitis. Typical Symptoms of the disease are often fever, sensitivity of the abdomen, loss of appetite, diarrhea, reddened throat, nervous disorders or increased bleeding tendency. As a consequence of hepatitis, it is not uncommon for animals to become Damage to the liver cells and thus also to jaundice.

The disease often takes a fatal end. The dog vaccination is accordingly important.

Viruses are often transmitted by sniffing genitalia or urine or by licking them.

Vaccination against Pavovirosis

The Canine Pavovirus is a resistant virus, which is transmitted through the feces of the animals. If your dog only sniffs at feces-soiled objects or fur, it can already catch the virus. Although animals of any age can become infected, young dogs are particularly susceptible to the disease. Once infected, the virus multiplies in rapidly dividing cells, such as the lymphatic system or bone marrow. In some cases the disease takes such a rapid progression, that the animal dies within a few hours, even before diarrhea can develop.

As a rule, however, signs such as vomiting, diarrhea and the foul-smelling and bloody feces, indicate the existence of the disease. The dog loses a lot of fluid. In puppies, additional ailments may include heart muscle inflammation accompanied by coughing and shortness of breath. In most cases the dog survives the pavovirus not.

Vaccination against rabies

Rabies is a well-known and feared disease that, once the animal is infected, causes a fatal course takes. Transmitted by bites, it can affect both humans and animals. The disease of the brain is caused by the so-called rhabdovirus, which is mainly present in the saliva of an infected animal. Once outbreak occurs, the virus travels through the nerve pathways to the brain to the spinal cord and thus causes paralysis. But how often do I have to vaccinate my dog against rabies?? A booster vaccination is recommended by veterinarians only every two to three years.

The thought of rabies is often associated with the image of a aggressive, salivating animal connected, whose tongue hangs out. These symptoms occur in the second of the three phases of the disease. In the first phase, the dog becomes feverish, has diarrhea, suffers from vomiting and there are occasional Changes of character to. After muscle twitching already occurs in the second stage, the final stage is cramps, the final paralysis and the Death by respiratory paralysis.

Vaccination against leptospirosis

The disease leptospirosis is also known under the term Stuttgart dog disease or Weil's disease known. Infected animals, such as hedgehogs, mice and rats, excrete the bacteria, but they themselves fall ill only slightly or not at all. This is because they are natural hosts of the bacterial strains. Your dogs, on the other hand, ingest the bacteria, for example, via a contaminated puddle or stagnant water on. The bacteria enter the body of the animal through the mucous membranes or minor injuries of the skin. There they multiply and infect the organs, such as especially kidneys and liver.

The first signs of the disease are fever, vomiting and reluctance to eat. In the further course of the disease, symptoms such as fatigue, lack of movement and breathing difficulties are added, and sometimes jaundice, muscle tremors or bloody stools occur. In the worst case, infected animals suffer from kidney failure and finally to the Deaths. Whether the vaccination against leptospirosis is really necessary is controversial and should be clarified with the vet.

Optional vaccination for dogs

In addition to the vaccination protection that every dog should get, there are some vaccinations that are considered optional. Not every four-legged friend is susceptible to every disease. Thus, dog vaccinations against kennel cough, Lyme disease, leishmaniasis or infectious puppy mortality are for some animals but not for others recommended, but not for all. The Standing Commission on Vaccination in Veterinary Medicine (STIKoVet for short) calls the vaccinations that can be dispensed with "non-core vaccinations".

Vaccination against kennel cough

kennel cough is a Infection of the upper respiratory tract, caused by a number of viruses (often the Canine Parainfluenza virus or the bacterium Bordetella bronchisepticaI). Who wants to vaccinate his dog, however, does not get the full protection. With the vaccine only the two main pathogens of the cough are repelled.

If the animal falls ill despite dog vaccinations, however, the course of the disease is weakened. The protection is useful when dogs come into contact with many other conspecifics, such as in a boarding house or in a animal shelter. The transmission of kennel cough occurs through droplet infection and when dogs live together in close quarters the risk of infection is therefore higher.

signs of the disease give a dry, usually cramping cough as well as strangles.

Ticks can transmit Lyme disease bacteria.

vaccination against Lyme disease

Lyme disease is a collective term for infectious diseases that both humans and animals can get. In most cases Lyme disease is caused by Tick bites causes. But this does not mean that every bite of a tick directly causes a detectable disease, since not every tick can cause the Lyme disease bacteria carries in itself. In Germany, they are between five and 50 percent of the ticks, depending on the area. If your dog is nevertheless bitten by a tick that carries Borellia, it takes 16 – 24 hours for the bacteria to be flushed from the tick's intestine into the animal's body. That is why it is important to thoroughly check the dog after every walk to remove ticks in time.

Recognizable symptoms of a dangerous subtype of Lyme disease often fall only four to six weeks after the infection on. The infected dog then appears dull, has no appetite and a strong fever. The bacteria infect the joints. Partly also organs as well as the nervous system. This can lead to inflammation of the joints. If you recognize signs of a Lyme disease, look for an Veterinarian and have your dog tested by Quick test investigate. If you are right with your suspicion, a suitable antibiotic can help the quadruped.

A dog vaccination is intended to prevent the animal from contracting bacterial borelliosis in the first place.

Vaccination against leishmaniasis

Leishmania infantum is a disease caused by Sandflies transmissible tropical disease. At bloodsucking, the mosquito transmits the Leishmania pathogens to the dog and infects it with the. But also during a blood transfusion or if the dog has an open skin injury and comes into contact with the ulcers of a sick dog, the infection can occur. The leishmania pathogens then settle in the tie cells and infect the organs over time, like spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes and liver.

Due to the long incubation period, signs of the disease often appear years after the bite. These can be infected for example by diarrhea, Fever, Appetite loss, weight loss, sluggishness, skin and fur changes, open skin wounds, eye diseases, nosebleeds, bloody feces, pain sensitivity in the abdomen or swollen lymph nodes express.

Those mosquitoes that could infect your dogs, however, live mainly in warmer climatic regions, as in the Mediterranean region. Because of this, you should not take your dogs to these regions or have them vaccinated beforehand. The infectious disease can be fatal in the worst case. A Vaccination in dogs reduces the risk that the animal will develop clinical symptoms and actively contract leishmaniasis. Anti-mosquito protection is also helpful.

Weakness and exhaustion are signs of a leptospirosis disease.

Vaccination against Canine Herpesvirus

The Canine herpes virus When it breaks out, it affects the respiratory tract and the reproductive organs. The virus is especially dangerous for unborn and young puppies, which is why it is popularly known as the trigger for the infectious puppy deaths is called. Adult dogs that are affected by the disease often have no symptoms or only mild symptoms, such as a cold.

However, if pregnant bitches are infected with the Canine Herpesvirus for the first time, they put their puppies at risk. Only if the mother's body, through previous infections or vaccination, already has Antibodies formed, the risk of the puppies to become infected decreases. The antibodies of the mother animal can be passed on to the little ones through the mother's milk and thus protect them.

The transmission of the canine herpes virus occurs in adult dogs via saliva, nasal secretions and vaginal secretions. Even if the virus does not break out for a long time, a high stress factor can reactivate it. A birth is for example stress situation. So it can come to the fact that the puppies in the womb or during the birth with the virus infect themselves.

After about seven days, the disease breaks out in the newborns and becomes noticeable through loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. A little later usually appear Symptoms, such as severe abdominal pain and refusal to suckle, breathing difficulties and weight loss.

Extremely rare for little fighters to survive infection. In most cases the puppies die unfortunately within 2 days due to multiple organ failure. Veterinarians therefore recommend dog vaccination for pregnant animals.

How often do I have to vaccinate my dog?

The first vaccination at the age of about eight weeks builds up the vaccination protection of the dog. This is followed by repeat vaccinations at certain intervals to ensure that the basic immunization remains effective.

Here you will find a small overview of the most important dog vaccinations (for basic immunization) in the first year of life:

AgeVaccination against: 8. week of life distemper, hepatitis, parvovirosis, leptospirosis 12. Week of lifeDistemper, hepatitis, parvovirosis, leptospirosis, rabies 16. week of life distemper, parvovirosis, (evtl. Rabies) Ca. 15. Month of lifeDistemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirosis, Leptospirosis, Rabies

The Permanent Vaccination Commission Veterinary (StIKo Vet.), which prepares the guidelines for vaccination of small animals, recommends regular vaccination only against serious diseases. In addition, it must be decided individually whether a dog should have a increased risk of infection is the risk of becoming infected with other diseases. These can be for example Lyme disease, leishmaniasis, fungal infections or kennel cough. Generally speaking, not every dog is exposed to the same risks, whereas!

The Refreshers of the most important dog vaccinations are given at different intervals, because the duration of immunity after a vaccination is different. The vaccination protection against rabies, distemper and parvovirosis must be, after the basic immunization only every three years be refreshed. The vaccine that protects against the Stuttgart dog disease, i.e. leptospirosis, immunizes the body, according to STIKo Vet., maximum for one year.

The question about the duration of the vaccination protection is controversial

How long a vaccination protection lasts, is however controversial. The World Federation of Small Animal Veterinarians (WSAVA) has developed a guideline for the vaccination of dog puppies, which states that a dog should receive as few vaccinations as possible. With the booster vaccinations against SHP is exaggerated in their opinion. Already after the third puppy vaccination in the 16. According to the study, 98% of vaccinated puppies are immune for years after the first week of life.

The repeat vaccination after about 15. The first vaccination in the first months of life is only useful for the remaining puppies, where the last vaccination was not effective. A Titre test, The vaccination test, where blood is taken and antibodies are determined, can help to find out if your dog is already immune to the vaccinated diseases. The same applies to Booster vaccinations after three years. According to the WSAVA, owners should only have this done if the dog's body is no longer immune to distemper, hepatitis and pavovirosis.

In the vaccination certificate of your animal favorite keeps the Veterinarian to state when your four-legged friend has been vaccinated and against what. The veterinarian will inform you about which additional dog vaccinations are necessary, if he knows the living habits of the animal. Although there are vaccinating veterinarians, but from the annual vaccination in the dog is usually to be foreseen.

incompatibilities& Side effects

If you have your dogs vaccinated, there are usually no serious side effects on. Nevertheless, I would like to draw your attention to possible side effects of dog vaccination.

The vaccines could following conditions cause:

– Fever – Allergic reaction – Diarrhea and vomiting – Fatigue – Pain sensitivity at the injection site – Inflammation of the injection site – Dizziness

An allergic reaction, which indicates an intolerance, can in the worst case even lead to the anaphycal shock lead. This is manifested by swelling, diarrhea, vomiting, shortness of breath and swelling of parts of the body, such as the face and neck. Nervous system disorders, edema, ulcers, and skin disorders are also considered possible side effects of vaccinations. If you are aware of your pet's intolerances, it is best to talk to your vet before the dog vaccination to clarify the risks.

Which vaccinations are obligatory?

In Germany there are no obligation to vaccinate. Although the StIKo Vet recommends both. as well as the WSAVA to vaccinate the dog against distemper, hepatitis and parvo, but it is not obligatory. However, if you want to travel abroad with your dog, the situation is different. If you travel within the EU member states, your four-legged friend must have a vaccination certificate ied by a veterinarian Pet passport own.

It must be clear from this that the dog has been vaccinated against rabies. Clarify best before the vacation with your veterinarian, whether the Rabies vaccination valid is. Possibly a repeat vaccination must be made.

If you want to travel with a young, unvaccinated dog (younger than 3 months), pay attention to the regulations of the countries of travel. In many EU countries you will be denied entry in this case.

When traveling in EU member countries, dogs need a valid rabies vaccination.

Vaccinations for dogs – The costs

Who acquires an animal roommate, who knows that this can be occasionally affected by dog diseases. This is connected with costs. However, the costs incurred as a result of a dangerous disease, such as distemper, exceed those of the vaccination at the vet. Keep in mind, however, that vaccinations cannot give 100 percent certainty.

The veterinary costs for dog vaccinations can, due to the federally written (loose) fee schedule, vary from doctor to doctor. The vets themselves can decide whether to charge at the single, double or triple rate.

Treatment1-fold rate2-fold rate3-fold rate Vaccination*4,49€8,98€13,47€ Stock fee16,03€32,06€48,09€

*What in the fee schedule as Vaccination is described, only the fee for the injection of the vaccine. This can vary, depending on the rate, between 4,49€ and 13,47€. The cost of the vaccine will be charged extra. Fall out differently high. The Price for the vaccine differs, depending on the manufacturer, purchase quantity and combination of vaccines.

In addition to the cost of the injection as well as the vaccine, the veterinarian charges the Stock fee from. The inventory fee comes with a vaccination because the doctor, according to Animal Vaccine Prescription, is obliged to submit the animal to a general examination before administering the vaccine. The health condition of the animal is checked. Putting on the protective clothing and administrative expenses are also part of this cost item.

On inquiry on our part expressed Dr. Ute Tietjen of the Federal Veterinary Association e.V. the following on the subject: "The decision and advice on the vaccination regime is nowadays a high-quality veterinary service, which is not included in the fee for vaccination. There are recommendations of the Federal Research Institute for Animal Health (FLI), which require an individual approach for the animals with regard to the vaccination of small animals." This procedure is charged with the stock fee.

In addition, each veterinarian is obliged to pay 19 percent value added tax on the service rendered. With a Combination vaccination you have to expect costs of about 50 to 150€ whereas a virus can be expected single vaccination usually around 30€ costs.

How often and against what do you vaccinate your dog?? Do you have the feeling your veterinarian "overvaccinates" your four-legged friend?? Tell me more in the comments about dog vaccinations!

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Most vets nowadays vaccinate totally imprudently and it's all about the money. Many veterinarians would not even exist without the annual vaccination revenues. There is simply injected the 5-fold vaccination without regard for losses. My dog was overvaccinated. After 2 days it started with diarrhea, which lasted almost 2 weeks. Besides, his behavior has changed. When I want to go to the water with him, he behaves as if I tried to drown him the day before, the same with cellar stairs. He immediately puts the reverse gear, has literally the panic in the face stand. That is until today(ca.8months after vaccination) is still the case. Even so he shows insecurities in situations where it was not before. He also has problems with itchy muzzle all the time.The hair follicles are reddened and swollen every day. He will no longer stay alone without immediately getting on both flanks. To scratch up totally under the muzzle. I can only. Leave the ruff alone. The same is when I tie him while shopping. I do not even make it into the store. This was also not a problem before. And his liver was totally poisoned by tablets against demodex mites from Bravecto and simparic. value was over 5000 instead of 125 at most. A second value over 3000 instead of maximum 65. Now it turns out that he has an autoimmune disease (sebadenitis), the immune system attacks the sebaceous glands until they are eventually destroyed. Until then, black keratin cuffs appear again and again in the hairline. Because the natural biofilm is no longer formed through the skin, the dog is constantly itching and has to deal with secondary infections. And that with just 22months. It all started when he was about.14-15 months was. It has cost me several hundred euros in the meantime, just to find out what all he does not have. Against sebadenitis there is no remedy until today. So by the vaccination times evenly, so to speak the life of the dog destroyed, and/or. strongly worsened. I don't even want to start with the restrictions that this implies for me as an owner. In short, I am with my nerves as good as at the end, which of course also at times always affects the relationship between dog and owner. And since such things are not properly documented or reported, it is not possible as an owner to prove it to the doctor as an effect of the vaccination. The doctors say then anyway immediately that it is not because of the vaccination is. The whole vaccination is nothing else than a money machine, just like with us humans.


Through various information and a lot of literature, I have now come to a decision and wanted my 3 year old.Dog at his vet (only) the 3-fold SHP booster vaccination give, but have no chance, because they have only 7-fold, at most still 5-fold vaccinations. They can not order either, because there are minimum purchase quantities. I should just call through whether a veterinarian has my desired vaccination. I do not know yet how to get this vaccine, it will not be so easy with a "foreign" dog TA to accommodate.

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