Feeling of prere in the ear: causes and treatment
Ear prere – who does not know the unpleasant feeling?? A trip with the car into the mountains and the further it goes upwards, the more the unpleasant prere on the ears arises. This is also completely normal when landing and taking off the plane and can often be positively influenced by chewing gum. In addition to the rather harmless discomfort caused by changes in altitude, however, it can also be caused by various diseases, such as an inflammation of the middle ear. In these cases, a doctor should be consulted promptly in order to avoid severe courses of disease or. To avoid complications such as persistent hearing loss.
Prere in the ear due to earwax
Ear prere is not a disease, but a symptom that accompanies various diseases, especially in the area of the ear. Often the cause is too much earwax (cerumen). This yellowish brown glandular secretion is formed and secreted in the external auditory canal. It serves for cleaning. As a protection against microorganisms. If too much of it is produced, it can obstruct the ear canal and thus lead to an annoying feeling of prere in the ear. In some cases, hearing is also impaired as a result.
The unpleasant feeling of prere can be caused, for example, by an accumulation of earwax. (Image: underdogstudios/fotolia.com)
Sometimes a cerumen plug develops after bathing or swimming. In this case, the water that has penetrated the ear, together with the earwax, forms a plug that obstructs the auditory canal in such a way that ear prere develops.
Incorrect ear hygiene is often the reason for the complaints. This is because if the use of a Q-tip causes the cerumen to move further toward the eardrum, the ear canal becomes obstructed. This is the reason why cotton swabs should not be used in the ear and why excessive cleaning of the ear should be avoided.
Feeling of prere due to infections
The reason for the complaints can be inflammations in the auditory canal and/or the eardrum. Triggers include unclean bath water, mechanical irritation or pathogens. Affected persons typically suffer from ear pain, ear prere and occasionally ringing in the ears in the case of such an infection.
In the case of a so-called "tube catarrh", which occurs acutely or chronically, the mucous membrane of the eustachian tube is swollen due to an inflammation and thus the tube function is restricted. Normal ventilation of the middle ear is impeded as a result, causing the familiar prere on the ears. The acute form usually occurs in conjunction with a cold. Other typical symptoms here are pain. Cracking in the ear as well as possible hearing loss.
If the mucous membrane of the eustachian tube is inflamed ( tubal catarrh), in addition to ear prere z.B. temporary hearing loss may also occur. (Image: Brian Jackson/fotolia.com)
The chronic form mainly affects children, with those affected suffering from significant hearing impairment. In addition, there is a massive feeling of prere in the ear, possibly associated with "gurgling" noises in the ear when eating, yawning or blowing one's nose. Time and again, delayed speech development is discovered in young patients, triggered by reduced hearing ability.
Ear prere due to perforation of the eardrum
The reason for ear prere can be a perforation of the eardrum (a hole in the eardrum). This can be caused, for example, by an explosion, surfacing too quickly after a dive (barotrauma) or an injury with objects such as knitting needles or hair clips. Patients affected by a perforated eardrum complain of sudden hearing loss, ear prere and severe pain.
Attention: If there is a hole in the eardrum, ear drops must not be used!
Cause hearing loss
Those affected often report a feeling of prere in the course of a so-called "hearing loss", which feels like having absorbent cotton in the ear. The hearing loss or. "Ear infarction" describes a sudden, usually unilateral hearing loss, which can extend to complete hearing loss.
The exact reasons for this phenomenon are not yet fully understood. Some scientists suspect a connection with circulatory disorders of the inner ear. Chronic inflammation and autoimmune diseases are also discussed as possible triggers, and stress is often considered a cause of hearing loss.
Other reasons for prere on the ears
If nasal breathing is constantly obstructed, for example by a nasal septal defect, negative prere develops in the middle ear and consequently unpleasant prere on the ears. In severe cases only a surgical intervention can help.
Furthermore, the cervical spine can be responsible for the complaints. The top cervical vertebra, the atlas, supports the head. Many nerve tracts and blood vessels run through this area, and the ear is also not far from it. Therefore, the development of ear prere is also possible with diseases in this area.
The same applies to the so-called craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD). The starting point is the temporomandibular joint, which is affected by an incorrect load and/or misalignment. In addition to teeth grinding, headaches, dizziness and other symptoms, this can also cause an unpleasant feeling of prere in the ear.
Decongestant nasal drops are usually used to treat inflammation of the eustachian tube. (Picture: Picture-Factory/fotolia.com)
Treatment of ear prere
If an inflammation is the reason for the discomfort, this must of course be treated. The visit to the doctor is therefore indicated in any case. To eliminate swelling in the passage connecting the middle ear and the nasopharynx ("Eustachian tube", also known as the "Eustachian tube"), nasal drops that decongest the mucous membrane are usually administered. Especially for smaller children, it is recommended to use a suitable nasal spray every time they have a cold, in order to prevent tubal catarrh.
If a cerumen plug is the cause of the ear prere, it is removed at the doctor's office with the help of an ear rinse. In the case of inflammation of the external auditory canal, the insertion of an ointment strip soaked in alcohol, antibiotics or cortisone may help. Sometimes the use of appropriate ear drops is sufficient.
If there are complaints around the cervical spine (such as e. g.B. the cervical spine syndrome) the trigger, medication and/or physiotherapy are used depending on the cause. The treatment of craniomandibular dysfunction is not a simple matter. Accordingly, the treatment should be carried out by specialized therapists in any case.
Constant obstructions of nasal breathing, leading to permanent prere in the ear or even in both ears, are eliminated – if no other therapy leads to success – by surgery.
In the case of a hearing loss, which often occurs in people who have great stress in their lives and are unable to cope with it, blood circulation-enhancing infusions and cortisone are used, although there is no clear evidence of the effect.
What to do for ear prere on an airplane?
When taking off or landing in an airplane, the ear must provide prere equalization – given the changes in air prere. Everyone is familiar with the unpleasant prere on the ear that results from chewing gum. To moisten the mucous membranes during a flight, the use of a nasal spray (z.B. sea salt spray) is recommended before a flight. It is also important to drink enough water during a flight.
Against prere on the ears when flying, can z.B. a special breathing technique can be used. (Image: SI-Me/fotolia.com)
In case of difficulties with prere equalization, the so-called "Valsalva maneuver" can help. With the nose held shut and the mouth closed, try to exhale forcefully through the nose. This is also used by divers to prevent barotrauma. Yawning, chewing and swallowing can also help to combat the feeling of prere.
Naturopathy for prere in the ears
The feeling of prere often occurs in connection with infections. Especially when these are recurrent, natural medicine can serve well.
Attention: However, any inflammation in the area of the ear should first be clarified by a doctor.
Autologous blood therapy is a suitable way of combating susceptibility to infections and thus also combating prere on the ears. Drainage procedures such as a cantharide patch, applied to the mastoid (bone behind the ear), can be an effective home remedy for middle ear infections.
The homeopathic remedy Pulsatilla helps with complaints that feel as if something is pressing outward or the ear is blocked. Kalium bichromicum is used in chronic catarrhal inflammation and in this way eliminates the symptoms. Luffa operculata and Ferrum phosphoricum are relatively well-known remedies that promise relief from tubal catarrh and cane sniffles.
Some well-working nasal drops containing plant extracts and/or sea salt are used to treat upper respiratory tract infections. Ear drops can soothe the mucous membrane in the ear canal, but should never be used if the eardrum is defective. Sufferers are also recommended to suck herbal candies and chew gum to stimulate the act of swallowing. This can improve the ventilation situation. Thus counteracting the prere.
Chewing gum can help get rid of ear prere. (Image: nyul/fotolia.com)
In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), ear acupuncture and body acupuncture are used, among other things. In the case of children, the gentler variant, laser acupuncture, is preferred.
Warm compresses liquefy the secretion. Some home remedies for earache are also effective against ear prere. For example, warm onion compresses often help to alleviate the discomfort. In many naturopathic practices, ear candles are also used for corresponding impairments. These have an anti-inflammatory effect, promote blood circulation and have a calming component.
1. Chop one to two onions and grind them coarsely 2. Put the pieces in the middle of a cloth (pocket or linen cloth, cloth diaper o.a.) 3. Fold the cloth into a packet and place it on the affected ear 4. To fix the support, you can use e.B. a headband or cap should be used
If the cause is to be sought in the area of the cervical spine, injections with remedies from anthroposophical medicine promise relief. In the case of severe tension, the Baunscheidt Therapy. Cupping is said to have a positive effect.
If those affected are frequently tense, they should learn to deal better with stress. Relaxation exercises such as autogenic training or yoga can help here. Further effective assistance with the stress reduction offers the classical Hom?opathie and the Sch?ssler salts Nr. 7 Magnesium phosphoricum and no. 5 Potassium phosphoricum.
In the case of constant tension, it is still advisable to reconsider the diet. A highly acidic diet may well cause hyperacidity of the organism or an imbalance in the acid-base balance and thus lead to permanent, therapy-resistant tensions.
To counteract this, animal products should be reduced and vegetables and fruits should be eaten frequently. It is recommended to drink at least two to two and a half liters of still water per day. In addition, exercise in the fresh air can strengthen the immune system. Prevent recurrent infections.