Lower urinary tract disease, also known as FLUTD (Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease), is a series of multifaceted diseases whose causes are difficult to pinpoint. They occur mainly in apartment cats. These are often recurring illnesses, the course of which is usually very painful for the animals. Learn here which lower urinary tract diseases can occur, how symptoms manifest themselves and how the diseases are treated.
What are lower urinary tract diseases?
Lower urinary tract disease in cats (FLUTD) mainly includes diseases of the urinary bladder and urethra. These diseases are often recurrent. They can lead to the death of the cat, if they are not sufficiently supplied and in the acute case is not reacted in time.
What are the lower urinary tract diseases in cats?? The diseases are mostly multifaceted. Can be fathomed only with difficulty above all with inflammations. Some of the most common diseases of the lower urinary tract are:
The most common lower urinary tract infection in cats, usually occurring for no apparent reason. In the worst case it can lead to a life-threatening blockage of the urethra. The close proximity of anus. Urethral outlet favors bacterial urinary tract infections. Cats with diabetes or chronic renal failure are particularly at risk, as the composition of the urine is altered due to the disease. Bladder stones
If the urine contains a lot of salts due to a diet of dry food, these salts can clump together to form stones due to the resulting lack of water. This in turn can cause blockages of the urethra.
Stress as a trigger
Since cats are very sensitive animals, psychological factors such as stress can never be ruled out as well. Examples of stress triggers in cats include moving house, new partners, new people in the household, lots of car journeys but also vet visits.
Which cats are affected?
Most often affected are indoor cats. They often consume too many salts due to overfeeding. Due to their low movement, they hardly consume. This very often leads to overweight. Promotes the development of diseases of the lower urinary tract. Male cats are particularly at risk because they have a very narrow urethra, which favors obstruction.
Check pH regularly to avoid recurring and painful infections!
How do I recognize lower urinary tract diseases in my cat??
Mostly symptoms are noticed by cat owners only very late. Cats are predators! The instinct of their ancestors still leads them to hide signs of disease as long as possible to protect themselves from enemies. If signs of the following symptoms are noticed, it can be amed that the disease is already advanced:
– increased licking of anus and urine outlet – strained urination without result – slight incontinence – an unused cat box after 12h – changed posture when urinating – crying or meowing when urinating – urine dark or discolored with blood
What can I do in an acute case? A cat must be pain free several times a day. Can pass urine in the stream. If you find a clean, unused litter box after 12 hours, be sure to contact a veterinarian.
What can I do preventively?
Make sure your cat is at ideal weight, eats mostly wet food and drinks daily. Prevention is better than treatment! Therefore, even in cats that appear healthy, perform a urine test quarterly to detect early health changes in the urine. You don't have to go to the vet for this right away!
Our urine test for cats offers a completely painless and stress-free way to detect lower urinary tract diseases at an early stage. A high pH level is common in bacterial infections. Favors the formation of urinary crystals. Protein: When bladder infections occur, proteins are released into the urine.
Hemoglobin (blood): Bladder infections cause mild to severe bleeding into the urine.
Specific gravity: If your cat drinks too little, the urine is highly concentrated and therefore the specific weight and the risk of stone formation is higher.
Leukocytes: Leukocytes in greater quantity may indicate inflammatory lower urinary tract disease.
Check parameters at home now without stress!
A urine test should be done at least four times a year. The special non-absorbent litter included in the Pezz urine test kit can be used to easily obtain a urine sample from the cat's usual litter box. With the included test tray and the app for evaluating the test, you will get a reliable result in no time at all.
However, every cat should visit the vet once a year. Through a general examination, a blood test, an abdominal X-ray and an abdominal ultrasound, your veterinarian can determine whether your cat is already ill or whether precursors to the disease are visible. The results of the urine test can be brought to this appointment. Early diagnosis significantly improves your cat's prognosis.
How to treat lower urinary tract disease?
Treatment depends strongly on the cause. Bladder stones, for example, need to be surgically removed, while bacterial infections are easily treatable with the right antibiotic. A change of diet is necessary in most cases.
It is important to know that cats who once had lower urinary tract disease are often prone to further episodes of disease. Depending on how it progresses, this can become a nerve-wracking, costly and painful ordeal for the cat. Affected cats should therefore have at least six urine tests per year. This is how a recurring disease can be detected at an early stage. More operations to be avoided.