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1. Symptoms of flu- Duration of flu
2. Influenza virus infection 3. Medicinal treatment of flu 4. Home remedies for flu 5. Tips to prevent flu 6. Frequently asked questions about flu
In Germany, about 5 to 20 percent of adults fall ill during the flu season, with children falling ill by as much as 20 to 35 percent.
The flu – also called influenza, viral flu or endemic flu – is widespread worldwide and usually occurs in the winter months. About one third of infections are asymptomatic, another third are mild, and about one in three infections causes the typical flu symptoms.
– Flu is
triggered by influenza viruses
– Infection takes place via droplet or smear infection – If one is infected, the first symptoms can appear Symptoms abrupt Occur within a few hours – Typical symptoms include fever, chills, sweating, cough and cold
Flu is triggered by what is known as Influenza virus. There are three different types: A, B and C, with type A being the most common cause of classical influenza. The type A virus is constantly changing, so it is possible to be re-infected even after having been through the infection, and vaccines need to be continuously adjusted.
If you want to know if you are suffering from a cold or the flu, you can talk to our doctors by phone or video consultations. In this context, a certificate of incapacity for work (AU certificate) can also be ied.
Symptoms of influenza
Once you have been infected with the influenza virus, it usually takes a few hours to two days until the first signs of flu appear. In the case of an influenza infection or the common cold, the symptoms develop much more gradually. Not all persons infected with the virus show the typical symptoms. About 1 in 3 infections are asymptomatic, the patients are nevertheless contagious.
Typical flu symptoms include:
– Sudden onset – High fever – Chills – Aching limbs – Severe feeling of illness
Possible other symptoms of flu:
In some cases there are
Secondary infections (additional illness parallel to the flu), because the immune system is weakened by the flu. The most common secondary infection in influenza is bacterial pneumonia, which should be treated medically.
Duration of flu
Influenza usually lasts only a few days to a week. However, many patients still feel ill even after they have overcome the illness Struck off for weeks. This state of persistent lassitude is called fatigue. Is a typical accompaniment of certain infections.
To prevent complications following influenza infection Physical rest is essential even after the symptoms have subsided. Moderate exercise (especially in the fresh air) is the best way to slowly return to the usual level of performance.
Even if symptoms improve, it doesn't mean you are no longer infectious. The Risk of infection persists 24 hours before and up to five days after the first symptoms appear.
Infection with influenza viruses
Particularly in the winter months from January to March/April, Germany has Flu season. The flu is transmitted by droplet and smear infections.
Droplet infection: When you cough or sneeze, tiny droplets (aerosols) are released into the air; these may contain various pathogens such as influenza viruses. Other people can pick up these pathogens, z. B. Simply by inhaling these infectious aerosols.
Smear infection: pathogens are transmitted via surfaces. For example, when an infected person sneezes into his or her own hand. Touching a door handle with this hand. If another person touches this door handle and then touches his or her face, the pathogens can enter the body through the mucous membranes and cause an infection.
Immunocompromised individuals (people with a weakened immune system) are especially susceptible. These include u. a. Pregnant women and people with pre-existing conditions, such as z. B. Cancer, lung or heart disease. In addition, children under one year of age are more susceptible because the development of the immune system is not yet complete, and patients over 60 years of age are more susceptible because their immune defenses weaken due to their age.
Drug treatment of flu
Since it is an infection caused by viruses, antibiotic therapy is not helpful for influenza – on the contrary, it can lead to resistance. In severe cases or patients at risk, such as pregnant women or patients with pre-existing medical conditions, you may be given a antiviral therapy against the influenza virus.
There are no specific flu medications, however, the Treat symptoms with medication or home remedies.
In the case of high fever, medicines can be taken to reduce fever, z. B. with the active ingredients Ibuprofen and paracetamol. These also help against head-. Limb pain. In case of so-called productive cough, i.e. with sputum, medication helps with Acetylcysteine to facilitate coughing. If one has a dry (nonproductive) cough, antitussives help, z. B. with the active substance Dihydrocodeine. The above cough medications should not be taken at the same time.
Home remedies against flu
There are some proven home remedies. Although these cannot directly defeat the flu virus, they do help to alleviate symptoms and strengthen the immune system.
Common home remedies for flu:
– Rest, rest and rest – Drink plenty of fluids (water or tea) – Calf compresses for fever – Air regularly – Chicken soup – Gargle (salt water or chamomile tea)
If the symptoms do not improve or even worsen despite active measures, you should urgently consult a doctor or physician for further treatment. consult a physician.
If you feel too sick to go to the doctor's office, then remote doctor can help you. Depending on the diagnosis, a digital certificate of incapacity for work (AU) can be ied during telephone or video consultations.
Tips to prevent influenza
To avoid infection, a annual flu vaccination offered. This belongs 60 years and older to the standard vaccinations and is also given to certain Risk groups Recommended. This includes pregnant women, people with chronic illnesses, and people who work in high-risk environments such as daycare centers or hospitals. Children in particular are a high-risk group because they have a particularly large viral load and are therefore extremely contagious ("super-spreaders") and the course of influenza is usually severe, up to hospitalization.
General hygiene measures apply to prevent the flu:
Regular hand washing and disinfection
Sneezing or coughing in the crook of the arm ("sneezing etiquette")
Regular ventilation, v. a. in rooms with many people
There are also measures for everyday life that prevent a possible infection. Sufficient exercise and a healthy diet strengthen the immune system, so that the body can better fight off the pathogens.