Mauke in horses: prevention and treatmentMauke is a bacterial skin inflammation in the fetlock of the horse, which is medically called fesseleczema. It manifests itself in sore and sometimes very itchy spots with blisters and also in the formation of a foul-smelling secretion. Symptoms may be exacerbated by secondary bacterial infections. There is also a dry form of mallenders, in which a crusty scab forms, in which germs can also accumulate. If left untreated, the condition becomes chronic, with a severe thickening of the skin in the affected area. In the worst case it can lead to movement restrictions in the underlying joint. This is accompanied by lameness of the horse. In the very worst case, the untreated mallenders leads to blood poisoning in the horse. There is hardly a disease in horses, which has brought so many therapy approaches and opinions, as the classical mallenders in horses. This may be due on the one hand to the extremely varying clinical presentation with different changing pathogens, and on the other hand to the many traditional home remedies.
What are the causes of mallenders in horses??
The horse's mallenders can have all kinds of causes and often there is not only one trigger, but it is an interaction of several factors.
– constant humidity – poorly mucked stalls and lack of care – favored by long hangings where dirt and moisture can collect – a general poor state of health, d.h. a weak immune system – stress – allergies – wrong feeding – injuries – mites – genetic reasons – exaggerated hygienic measures
Typically, the mallenders occur more often in the cold and wet season, when the runs of the horses are wet and muddy. Unclean keeping and badly mucked out stables, where the animals have to stand in their excrements for a long time, can trigger mallenders. External stresses, such as z.B. Injuries or allergies, also increase the risk of mallenders. Everything that stresses the organism and thus the immune system, increases the risk of a malaise disease. The horse's mallenders are often favored by the upcoming coat change, because at this time the immune system is working at full speed and can easily be overwhelmed. Also stress, like z.B. a change of stable, herd or owner, can favor the disease, because also in stressful phases the immune system of the horse is reduced. Caution is advised, as excessive hygienic measures, such as constant washing, brushing and scrubbing, can also irritate the skin and thus cause scurf.
It has been proven that mallenders can also be genetically caused, such as z.B. for cold blooded horses. Horses with white pasterns are also more susceptible, as the skin is not pigmented. Mildew in horses often comes from the "inside". Feeding too much grain and protein can trigger the skin disease. Also a faulty or completely missing mineral supply in the feed can lead to the Maukeerkrankung. If the liver metabolism and the detoxification function of the kidneys are too heavily loaded, eczema often appears on the skin. Since especially the topic of the correct feeding is very complex, I would like to refer at this point to an article of Natural Horse Care. Finally, parasites can also be a trigger of mallenders. Recent studies show that skin mites have been found in almost 60% of horses affected with mange. Mites and especially allergic reactions to mite droppings are a frequent cause of scurf, especially in horses with long coat.
How can I prevent mauke with the horse?
The detailed explanations about the causes of the disease can be used as a guide for the correct prevention of the disease. Nevertheless, I would like to say a few words in summary..
Hygiene is the be-all and end-all! Box, paddock and pasture should always be kept clean. The fetlock bend should be controlled regularly and always be kept dry and clean. With horses with long Behang this should be cut off in no case, since it serves as protection. Furthermore, the grooming equipment of a horse affected by mange should not be used on other horses because of the risk of infection. When the scurf is completely healed, the grooming equipment must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
In addition, it can not hurt to have the basic horse health, ie the immune system of your horse, once examined for prevention. A blood count is certainly informative here. Also not cost-intensive. Dysfunctions with the kidney and liver can also be detected there. For the prevention of mallenders in horses, you should in any case also reconsider feeding. Protein-rich food should give way to mineral-rich food. Sufficient roughage should be available. With the mineral supply the high portion of the supply of the minerals phosphorus and calcium should be examined for the horse, since this inhibits the admission of important trace elements such as selenium, zinc, manganese and copper clearly. High-quality mineral feeds and the reduction of protein-rich (concentrated) feed are prophylactic possibilities to prevent the horse's scurfy skin.
How can I treat horse scurf?
Here are a variety of home remedy tips. However, in my opinion, you should contact the veterinarian if you notice skin changes in the fetlock bend of your horse. professional initial treatment of the infectious skin areas. To give you useful tips for the further handling of the mallenders disease.
What can not hurt in any case, is to wash the affected areas with anti-inflammatory herbs such as chamomile or sage and then dry carefully. Then the place is thinly coated with a disinfecting ointment. If solid crusts have already formed, they must be removed daily, because they are not a healthy scab, but provide the basis for aggressive bacterial growth. After a few days, a reddish-brown crust should now form. This is healthy scab. Should be left alone.
To prevent further spreading, the skin around the wound should be cared for with high-quality vegetable oils, such as almond or jojoba oil.
If the mauk wounds are very deep, help the horse to get rid of them EquinoLine. This is a combination set "skin", which works with a disinfecting cleaning solution and a spray gel with depot effect. Thus one has both deep cleaning. Long-term protection in one set. The product currently has a rating of 4.61 out of 5 stars with 179 reviews. The users are very satisfied with the product. On the page of the supplier you will find even an application video. The product also successfully passed the Cavallo practical test in 2014. Was nominated for the Equitana Innovation Award in 2013. Just click on the banner below. Then in the menu on "Equinoline horse". There you will then be offered the combination set "skin" against horse mange.