The parrot disease (psittacosis) is a chlamydia transmissible disease in parrots (Psittacosis). If other birds are affected by the disease, it is called a Ornithosis.
Humans can also contract this infection (zoonosis). Parrots and parakeets get infected through Excretions from sick birds to. Even birds that appear healthy on the outside can shed pathogens and infect other animals.
Parrots infected with parrot fever often initially show symptoms common to many diseases: They have no appetite, are weakened, look shaggy and become emaciated. Neurological disorders also occur: The birds are paralyzed or trembling.
Furthermore, diarrhea, nasal inflammation and pneumonia occur. With humans the pathogen of the parrot illness calls likewise Pneumonia often there are also episodes of fever, severe headache and pain in the limbs.
Parrot fever is a notifiable disease: if veterinarians suspect that parrot fever is present, they are obliged to report the Veterinary office to inform, to prevent further spread and the danger to humans.
To diagnose parrot disease, the veterinarian takes several swab samples and has the pathogen tested in a Grow laboratory. The responsible veterinary office determines the treatment and further necessary measures to prevent the spread of the disease.
What are the causes of parrot disease (psittacosis)?
Parrot fever is an infectious disease that is transmitted via the pathogen Chlamydophila psittaci transmitted. Diseased animals excrete the pathogen via feces, nasal secretions or eye secretions and can infect other birds as well as humans.
Psittacosis often occurs when there are Changes in the bird population has come – for example by newly bought birds, foreign birds in care or the visit of an exhibition.
How does the parrot disease (psittacosis) manifest itself? ?
Parrot disease manifests itself through various symptoms. The disease can develop and worsen over time, but it can also be caused by severe courses before, with which the parrots die short time, after they have infected themselves, (acute course of the disease).
Some parrots do not become ill externally after they have become infected. However, they carry the pathogen within themselves and can infect other birds without showing signs of disease themselves (latent infection, silent carrier).
The symptoms of parrot fever are often not typical of a particular disease. The parrots appear weakenedt, take less food, are apathetic and lose weight. Diarrhea may occur, sometimes with admixtures of blood.
Neurological problems also occur in psittacosis: The parrots tremble, convulse or have paralyzed wings or legs. Birds with psittacosis also sometimes have inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis), nose (rhinitis), and sinuses (sinusitis), evidenced by eye discharge and nasal discharge and problems breathing.