The relationship between patient and practitioner is the most important success factor for healing and is the focus of therapy in psychosomatic medicine, which sees itself as relationship medicine. The discussion with the patient plays an important role: In the discussion, self-healing powers can be activated and strengthened to cope with an illness, as well as insights into the psychosomatic connections can be conveyed. Psychosomatic medicine therefore deals with the interaction of physical, psychological (feelings, attitudes and behaviors) and social (human relationships, work) factors in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases for which often no other cause can be found. The basis of the therapy is a holistic or "bio-psycho-social" view of the disease.
Aim of the treatment
The aim of the treatment is to gain insight into the connections between psychological, physical and social factors, which play a central role in the development of an illness, but also in coping with it. In this way it is possible to achieve relief of physical. Psychological complaints as well as social problems can be achieved. The patient is provided with individual resources. Protective possibilities for the activation of the self-healing powers are shown. It is also a matter of listening to the complaints and symptoms of one's own body and recognizing these as warning signals or symptoms of illness. interpreting messages of the mental condition.
Application / therapy / diagnosis options
The therapy is applied to body complaints without a clear organic cause (somatoform / functional disorders in the various organ systems). Physical diseases with organic findings, in which the severity, extent, variety and duration of the complaints cannot be adequately explained by the organic findings – in this case, psychological processes influence the processing of the disease and the course of the disease. In case of onversion disorders: physical symptoms without organ-medical cause, which resemble neurological diseases as well as anxiety disorders, phobias, panic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders or also personality disorders with physical leading symptoms and trauma follow-up disorders.
The patient's life history becomes the diagnostic focus and is of great importance. Psychosomatic medicine asks why people become ill at a particular time in their lives: answers can only be given when the circumstances in which the symptoms began are recorded, taking into account constitution and disposition to a particular illness; in most cases, the symptoms are a result of a crisis situation that overtaxes the physical and mental powers.
Causes / Background& Use
The exchange of information between a person's body, mind and spirit and their environment is mediated through the sensory organs, the autonomic/vegetative nervous system, the immune system, and neural and hormonal pathways. Most psychosomatic illnesses are multifactorial in nature. In the sense of a holistic view, there are no isolated causes for an illness, but only interactions between different factors that are significant for the development of illness. A psychosomatic point of view does not mean in any case that the illnesses can be caused purely psychologically.