Recognize children’s diseases pictures symptoms rash

The symptoms: Suddenly high fever, up to 40°C, although the child is surprisingly well. After three days, the fever is gone again, followed by an initially small skin rash that spreads within hours to the legs, abdomen, chest and face, usually leaving out the arms. The rash does not itch.

Chickenpox (varicella)

Symptoms: lens-sized, pale red spots and watery blisters all over the body that reappear every three to four days (star chart), severe itching and sometimes fever up to 40°C and headache. An important hint: If there is already a confirmed case in the immediate environment, such as in kindergarten, school or among friends? Then the danger is particularly great, because chickenpox literally spreads like the wind.

Whooping cough (pertussis)

The symptoms: Whooping cough begins harmlessly as a mild cough with some fever. As it progresses, the coughing fits intensify and lead to shortness of breath and vomiting. The eponymous symptom is a long, wheezing inhalation at the end of a coughing attack.

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease

Symptoms: As the name suggests, there is the formation of secretion-filled blisters on the hands, feet and mouth, plus a high fever.

Measles (Morbilli)

Symptoms: Fever, runny nose and sore throat, plus a dry, barking cough and red, watery eyes, sensitivity to light (conjunctivitis). In addition, inflammation of the oral mucosa, Koplik's spots, bloated face, headache, rash and swelling of the lymph nodes – in infants possibly diarrhea.

Scarlet fever (Scarlatina)

Symptoms: Fever spike up to 40° C and an inflamed throat, also swollen palatine tonsils, sore throat and headache, vomiting. It starts with whitish tongue coating, then raspberry red discoloration of the tongue ("raspberry tongue") and velvety, small, pustule-like rash all over the body. It peels even the skin on the soles of the feet. Hands off with decrease in fever.

© Getty Images/Pawel Wewiorski

Mumps (goat mumps)

The symptoms of mumps: fever, headache and swollen parotid glands on one or both sides accompanied by earache and a dry mouth with severe pain when swallowing. In boys: swollen, painful testicles. In girls: pain in the abdomen.

Rubella (German measles)

The first signs are cold-like symptoms such as a slightly elevated temperature, fatigue, headache or a slight cold. The rash typical of rubella begins with small, bright red spots that often spread from the face or ears downward across the body.


The typical reddening of the skin starts on the face, without the chin, tip of the nose and lip region ("butterfly shape"). Then the redness spreads in rings and garlands to the trunk and extremities. Further symptoms can be itching and vomiting.

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Home> Precaution> Child Health> Recognize children's diseases with these pictures

Pediatric diseases are infectious diseases with a high prevalence and infection rate. After a single illness there is usually lifelong immunity. Adults can also be infected with a childhood disease if they did not have it in childhood and thus have not acquired immunity. Here we show you in pictures what the typical rashes and symptoms look like.

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