Under Mauke (sog. dermatitis or fesseleczema) is a bacterial inflammation. Multifactorial disease of the skin in the pastern of the horse's leg. Dermatitis (also known as fetlock eczema) is a bacterial inflammation and multifactorial disease of the skin in the fetlock of the horse's leg.
Maude occurs worldwide in horses. Increased affected by the skin inflammation are cold-blooded horses. Generally horse breeds with a lot of hangings. Maude develops most frequently in seasons, in which fur change takes place, thus in the autumn and in the spring. The prevalence (frequency) increases with age. Especially with white tied horses.
In principle, however, horse breeds without a lot of hair can also be affected. In addition to old horses, pregnant mares and young horses are particularly susceptible. However, the disease is not contagious.
How to recognize mallenders in horses?
The first symptoms of mange include warm, reddened and swollen areas in the crook of the pasterns. In the following stage the skin tears. The wound fluid then usually forms a greasy film that becomes a breeding ground for bacteria and fungi, after a scab has formed on it. If the mallenders are already chronic, the skin thickens due to systematic skin growths.
How does it develop?
The outbreak of mallenders is usually due to one of the following two main reasons:
– Nutrient deficiency – limited detoxification ability of the horse organism
These causes clearly show that in most cases, mallenders have internal causes, which in turn can affect the quality and structure of the skin. Micro-injuries are a frequent trigger for mallenders. A poor structure of the horse's skin. If the horse then stands on too humid ground due to insufficient stable hygiene, mange can break out.
How to treat mallenders?
Since in most cases, the first cause of the disease is the above-mentioned causes, the first thing to do is to check the overall condition of the horse.
In case of detoxification disorder
A detoxification disorder can be the reason for an increased need of trace elements and the non-application of a zinc cure.
Which horse feed to use in case of mallenders?
In this case it is of special importance to check the feeding of the horse. If the liver and kidneys are not functioning properly, or if the horse has intestinal problems, the organism uses the skin as an alternative detoxification organ. Therefore, the roughage quality should be checked first. Since silage stresses the liver metabolism, it should be avoided in the future.
Likewise the protein supply of the horse, espw. by increased eating of fresh grass, should be limited, because the ingested and much too high protein quantities (coupling day) overstrain liver and kidney. An overfeeding of protein can lead to a trace element deficiency, which can lead to dangerous skin changes that make the skin susceptible to parasites and fungi.
To reduce protein intake, very high quality hay must replace grass and hay silage. Concentrated feed should be limited to the most necessary. Artificial additives in supplementary feeds can be avoided. In addition to the administration of zinc, the detoxifying organs can be supported by the administration of special detoxifying herbs.
In case of a nutrient deficiency
Zinc is the key to good hooves, great skin, shiny coat and an all-around healthy metabolism and immune system. Especially during the change of coat, the need for the trace element is increased for the new hair formation. Horses that do not have a high energy requirement often have a micronutrient deficiency due to the always regulated feeding. In horse breeds with a lot of fetlocks, it can come to the outbreak of mallenders in such cases.
Also when adding zinc, pay attention to particularly high quality (organic). In a few cases, a primary manganese deficiency can also be the trigger for mallenders.
The treatment of the affected skin areas
Besides the clarification of possible deficiencies and disorders of the horse's organism, as well as their treatment, wound care should not be neglected.
which are caused by Mauke The affected areas should be shorn so that they can be treated specifically. When the hangings have disappeared, more fresh air can reach the wounds, whereupon they can heal faster. Since germs and fungi are more likely to form and spread under the scabby crusts of the sore, these should be removed with care. Thereupon, the wound can be treated with a mild soap and suitable Creams to be treated.
What ointment for mallenders?
To care for the affected areas, the Muddoc Mauke Ointment help, which fights bacteria and thus also counteracts future outbreaks. Places clean. Keep dry.