Scarlet fever in children all information about the infectious disease

The disease usually begins with normal flu symptoms. After a few days, a rash appears on the body and around the mouth.

The disease is transmitted via droplet infection.

Scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics.

In children scarlet fever is one of the most common bacterial diseases. Unlike other bacterial throat infections, scarlet fever is caused by streptococci.

1. The clinical picture of scarlet fever

Scarlet fever can quite different pass. An estimated 20 percent of infected persons contract the disease only very mildly or not at all. In a typical course, however, scarlet fever begins 1 to 3 days after infection With high fever, cough, tonsil- and Pharyngitis. Children also suffer more frequently from Vomiting and abdominal pain.

Characteristic of scarlet fever is the rash on the tongue and skin. At first the Tongue occupied and a few days later strongly reddened, similar to a raspberry. The oral mucosa is reddened in spots. In addition, a rash develops on the first or second day of illness, spreading from the upper body. This rash is also blotchy, red. The skin feels rough. After about 6 to 9 days the fever decreases. The affected skin comes off in scales.

Complications of scarlet fever may include sinusitis, pneumonia, or middle ear infections. Even with a very mild course of the disease can more severe complications How rheumatic fever, heart and kidney infections develop, which can also become chronic if they take an unfavorable course. Thus, in rare cases, despite a cure of scarlet fever, for example, the continuation of a middle ear infection, kindergarten attendance may continue to be postponed.

2. Infection

scarlet fever in children all info on infectious disease

scarlet fever can be transmitted by coughing or sneezing.

You can catch scarlet fever at any age. However, scarlet fever is most common in Children between 4 and 7 years.

Scarlet fever is transmitted by Droplet infection, so for example over Cough and Sneezing. Transmission only occurs rarely due to contaminated water or food. Even children who have already survived scarlet fever are not permanently protected and can become infected again.

Already one day after the start of treatment with antibiotics, the infected persons are no longer contagious. However, patients who are not treated can still be contagious for up to 3 weeks after the symptoms have subsided.

Scarlet fever is in some federal states notifiable. Children are not allowed to go to kindergarten, school or other community facilities until they no longer have any signs of illness and have already been treated with antibiotics for at least two days.

3. Diagnosis and therapy of scarlet fever

Scarlet fever often resembles other bacterial throat infections, but in contrast to them is caused by Streptococcus causes. With the help of a swab, the pediatrician can determine whether it is scarlet fever. Because unlike other bacterial diseases, scarlet fever can only be treated with certain antibiotics, usually Penicillin or Erythromycin, be treated. Such treatment is also recommended for mild courses of the disease. There is no vaccination.

4. Tips for little scarlet fever patients

Children who develop a fever during scarlet fever can be Bed rest, Calf wrap or, under certain circumstances, fever-reducing medication may be beneficial. You should pay attention to your child drinks enough, as fever increases the need for fluids.

This and further information can also be found on the pages of the German Green Cross or on the pages of TK.

This text is for informational purposes only and does not replace an examination, diagnosis, or consultation with a licensed physician. The information provided here cannot and must not be used as a basis for independent diagnosis or self-medication. Additionally we refer to paragraph 4, section 2 of our terms of use.

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