The main thing is skin 10 questions about skin diseases achilles running

The main thing is skin: 10 questions about skin diseasesWhen itching and scratching rob you of your nightly sleep, something has to happen. But what? Various skin diseases make life difficult for us. But what is behind it? And how to help yourself? Here are ten informative. Helpful questions.

1. Where do skin diseases come from?

Viruses, bacteria, solar radiation and other environmental influences, but also hereditary causes can lead to skin diseases. Often, however, you can do something about it yourself. Be it classic home remedies, care products from the drugstore or pharmacy, or simply a healthier lifestyle. Unfortunately, however, sometimes the visit to the dermatologist is indispensable.

2. How allergies develop?

In the case of allergy, the body reacts to certain allergens, i.e. different substances from the environment. During initial contact, the immune system first forms antibodies. If further contact with the allergen then occurs, this leads to symptoms such as itching, reddening of the skin or swelling of the mucous membranes.

Allergens are usually pollen, molds, dust mite feces, animal dander, food, medications, and others. Allergies can also be responsible for neurodermatitis, hives and other skin diseases.

3. What is neurodermatitis?

The atopic eczema, so the medical expression, is a skin rash, characterized by strongly itching, dry-red, cracked and partly crusted skin. The bends of the knees and arms, the neck, hands and face are most often affected. The disease mainly occurs in children, but around three percent of adults also suffer from it.

Research has not yet yielded any comprehensive results as to why neurodermatitis develops. However, it is known that various risk factors play a role: Genetic predisposition, allergies, environmental influences, diet, climate and stress can trigger the disease, which occurs in episodes.

4. How to deal with neurodermatitis?

"If you start scratching when you have atopic dermatitis, bacteria may get into the resulting wound and inflame it," explains Prof. Dr. med. Ingrid Moll from the University Hospital in Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany. "Against the itching, therefore, you should take measures in consultation with the dermatologist. Itching can be exacerbated by excessive stress."

There is no special diet, but in many people foods such as nuts, cherries, strawberries, milk (especially in children) cause itching. This is individual and so it is for each*n individual to find out, which means of life get her*him or not.

Essential: "Continuous skin care with greasing creams in the case of neurodermatitis, even if no symptoms are acutely noticeable or visible. Good results have been obtained by the way, unfortunately only for the duration of the therapy, stays at the sea. Light therapies at the dermatologist are suitable for longer-term improvement."

5. What is actually psoriasis?

Psoriasis is often confused with neurodermatitis. The most common variant is characterized by "plaques": red, inflamed areas that are clearly distinguishable from the adjacent skin, with silvery-white scales on top. Affected body regions are mainly elbows, knees, scalp, finger and toe nails.

The disease is caused by a strongly accelerated cell division in the skin, triggered by a malfunction of the immune system. Triggers of psoriasis, which occurs in episodes, can be genetic predisposition, infections, certain medications or stress.

6. How to help yourself with psoriasis?

The procedure should be according to Prof. Dr. Moll should always be discussed with a dermatologist, especially since it is often chronic diseases such as bronchitis that worsen the disease and must be treated.

And: "As in the case of neurodermatitis, constant and good skin care with oily creams and the avoidance of stress lead to an improvement in the skin's appearance. Also the clothing plays a role, too closely fitting or rubbing garment should be renounced therefore."

7. What do I need to know about skin cancer? Excessive UV radiation during sunbathing. In solariums, the main cause of skin cancer is. According to the "Stiftung Deutsche Krebshilfe" (German Cancer Aid Foundation), the increase in the number of diseases in Germany has risen rapidly in recent years, partly due to tanning-fixated leisure behavior. A study of the "National Academy of Sciences" in the USA suggests that sport and even caffeine have a preventive effect against skin cancer.

"It's doubtful," emphasizes Prof. Dr. Minor. "Such and similar information should be taken with a grain of salt and should not distract from the fact that responsible use of the sun is paramount."

By the way, according to the "Kassenarztliche Bundesvereinigung" (National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians), legally insured persons over the age of 35 have the opportunity to be examined for skin cancer every two years.

8. Where hives come from?

Eponym of hives, from which about a quarter of the population in this country suffers at times, is the stinging nettle, at the touch of which similar symptoms can be observed: Red, very itchy skin rash, which occurs acutely, but can also be chronic.

"The acute form is usually triggered by allergies to food or medications," explains Prof. Dr. Dr. Minor. "In chronic hives, inflammations (gastrointestinal and others) usually play an important role.

Caution: sport can trigger a hives attack. Helpful are, if necessary, but only in consultation with the doctor, the prior taking of so-called antihistamines."

9. What to do about warts and corns?

These skin changes are often confused, but they are fundamentally different and can affect anyone. Origin and treatment explains the dermatologist dr. Cora Overbeck so:

"Warts are hard and horny elevations on the skin and, as long as they are small, hardly noticeable. The cause is a virus that can be caught in swimming pools and saunas, among other places. Corns, on the other hand, are thickened corneas that are caused by prere or friction and can cause pain."

"Both findings can be softened, for example, by special plasters containing salicylic acid and carefully removed with a plane. Warts can also be treated with antiviral solutions, icing by a doctor, and naturopathic treatments. Long-term treatment is crucial, as warts are very persistent!"

10. Sport despite skin diseases – is it possible?

"In principle, sport is not a problem with the skin diseases mentioned," says Dr. Andreas Degenhardt, dermatologist in Bremen. "In fact, regular exercise can improve the condition of the skin. The blood circulation, the metabolism and the supply with nutrients are stimulated. It can only become problematic in the event of a severe inflammatory flare-up. Then it's often better to take a break or at least consult with your primary care physician."

For body care: long, hot showers after sports dry out the skin. That's why you should only shower briefly, with lukewarm water, and use a pH-neutral wash gel. Clothing is another ie. It should be breathable, so that the sweat can be removed well. So please leave cotton shirts in the closet!

"Lastly, caution is advised with outdoor sports: Here, to prevent skin cancer, sun protection with factor 50 or more should always be ensured." If one considers in addition that with the Workout stress is reduced, which plays an important role with many skin diseases, one can only say: Move yourselves!

Main thing skin 10 questions about skin diseases achilles running

Ellen-Jane Austin

Ellen-Jane Austin is a passionate part-time runner, music junkie, foodie and, since 2015, editor at Achilles Running. When she's not on the road as a roving reporter, she devotes herself to the adventures of everyday life with a toddler and works on music and book projects. Your first novel "Head Radio Published Summer 2015.

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