Thigh pain – causes and remedies
Pain in the thigh can greatly affect the daily life of a patient, because often many movements are then completely shut down. The thigh pain can be thereby very differently pronounced. Also the causes show up sometimes very versatilely. However, runners are particularly frequently affected by pain in the thigh area. Learn in this guide more about possible causes as well as common forms of pain and appropriate measures of treatment.
How does pain in the thigh arise?
Causes of thigh pain are usually incorrect loads or preweakening of the thigh. Be it diseases, injuries or overload – each of the mentioned influencing factors can cause the thigh to react with pain. Most often, the nerve and muscle tie, or the bones of the thigh are involved in the development of said pain. Depending on the severity of the pain, a distinction is made between two forms of thigh pain:
Acute thigh pain – The pain in the thigh occurs unexpectedly, for example, after an acute stress in the sports area. This pain can occur both in the anterior and posterior part of the thigh and manifest itself either on the left or on the right side. With timely and appropriate treatment, the thigh pain is here but usually quickly disappeared. The pain in the thigh is of a permanent nature. Occur at regular intervals again and again. This chronic pain in the thigh can also occur in different intensity and in different areas. Here, however, not only runners are affected, but also and especially people with existing underlying diseases in the area of the thigh.
As already mentioned, the causes of thigh pain can be very diverse. Therefore, read below which factors are most often associated with pain:
Lesions of the thigh: Injuries or wounds in the area of the thigh as the cause of pain located there are mainly suffered by runners and athletes with a similar running-intensive training background. Very often a tendon or muscle strain is responsible for the pain, which is caused by overloading or insufficient warming up of the thigh muscles. In addition, tension can also cause thigh pain. These tend to be due to insufficient movement, such as sedentary activities and associated poor posture. Often, lesion pain then occurs with movement.
Femur fractures: The most severe form of pain-causing injuries in the thigh is certainly the femoral fracture. Regardless of whether the thigh bones are only broken or have suffered a complete fracture – pain can always occur with a fracture of the thigh. In addition, the fracture usually also affects muscles, tendons and nerves, which further increases the risk of pain. Causes of a femur fracture are frequently violence or. Accidental trauma. Weaknesses of substance due to existing bone diseases are also conceivable as a cause, as they significantly increase the risk of fracture.
Diseases of the bones and joints: Joint diseases such as arthrosis or arthritis, as well as bone diseases (z.B. Osteomyelitis, osteoporosis or myositis ossificans), always have pathological substance changes in the affected bone or nerve. joint area as a result. If the changes occur in the area of the thigh, they favor a fracture of the thigh bones. In addition, there is an increased risk of pain when walking. Furthermore, bone and joint diseases can be accompanied by inflammation, which often also causes pain.
Diseases of the vessels, nerves and tendons: Our thigh is crisscrossed with a multitude of nerves and tendons. Consequently, painful tendon or nerve disorders can take various forms here. Very common in the thigh area are nerve inflammations such as sciatica, which refers to inflammation of the sciatic nerve. This is located in the hip area and tends to cause pain to radiate into the thigh. Other nerve and tendon disorders affecting the thigh with pain involvement include tendon ligamentitis, ligament tears, venous thrombosis and meralgia paraesthetica. A tingling or numbness sensation that accompanies the pain is very likely, especially with nerve disorders.
Classification of thigh pain according to pain symptoms
To better assess your pain, it helps to examine it for its location and type of pain. Often certain cause fields can be narrowed down in this way, which is why we would like to give you a brief overview of the individual pain character here:
Thigh areaPossible causes of painPrior tendon painTensionBurning painInflammation Pain when the muscles are tense or when the foot is tightenedFemur fracture, tendon or ligament rupture, tendon rupture, tendon rupture, tendon rupture, tendon rupture, tendon rupture, tendon rupture. Muscle strain or tension back pulling painFalse posture burning painTrain or inflammation of the sciatic nerve Pain when sittingTension outsideTension painIrritated nerves Strain painConjunctivitis Pain symptoms in combination with numbnessFracture with nerve involvement or nerve disease insidePain in combination with numbnessNerve disease or nerve irritation #rowspan# pulling pain on movement Tension or overuse
Treatment for thigh pain
To determine the cause of thigh pain, the doctor will first ask whether there is an existing thigh injury or disease in the area of the thigh. For a more precise diagnosis, imaging procedures such as X-rays, ultrasound or CT must usually be used. The therapy of thigh pain is then of course based on the cause. However, in most cases it is very promising:
Treatment of injuries – Strains, fractures, as well as tendon and muscle tears generally require healing of the injury. In the case of a pulled muscle, targeted rest of the damaged area is usually sufficient, which of course means a temporary stop to training for runners and other athletes. Deeper fractures or fibrous tears, on the other hand, often have to be fixed by compression bandages, plaster or the use of screws and clamps. surgical interventions – The insertion of fixators requires the opening of the affected area of the femur. Nevertheless, severe vascular diseases such as thrombosis, and also muscle or nerve injuries must occasionally be treated by surgery to relieve swelling and stop tie bleeding. Whether an operation is necessary, a doctor can tell you after careful diagnosis. Medicinal treatment – In addition to pain relief (z.B. by ibuprofen), the administration of medication is often without option also for the treatment of existing pre-existing conditions. Depending on the clinical picture, anti-inflammatory drugs or special nutrient preparations are necessary to compensate for substance deficiencies, among other things. Only if the underlying disease is treated adequately here, the pain will also subside permanently. manual therapy – The resolution of blockages, tensions or strains as the cause of pain can be achieved well through physiotherapeutic massages and movement therapies. Even some nerve diseases respond well to these manual measures. In addition, a targeted supply of nutrients, as well as cooling and protection of the thigh can accelerate the healing process.
Thigh pain -when to see a doctor
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A visit to the doctor is not necessarily necessary in case of thigh pain. In the majority of cases, a simple tension or strain is responsible for the pain. However, the pain may also be caused by a serious disease or injury. Therefore, as a precaution, see a doctor if…
…the pain in the thigh becomes more intense and lasts for days. …you complain of fever in addition to thigh pain. …besides the pain you also feel a tingling or numbness sensation. …your thigh swells up considerably and you may have. Notice bruising. …a relatively severe impairment of movement occurs. …you suspect a disease behind the thigh pain. …an underlying disease such as osteoarthritis or osteoporosis has already been diagnosed.
Pain in the thigh can be triggered by very different causes. Some patients, for example, engage in running-intensive sports, putting a lot of strain on the muscles and tendons of their femur. Thus, painful strains, torn fibers or similar injuries can occur. In addition, diseases of the bones, joints, muscles or nerves can also be responsible for the pain. Since the character of the pain, as well as the causes, is very versatile, a visit to the doctor is urgently recommended in case of persistent thigh pain.