Dizziness specialists& more informationDizziness (also called vertigo) is a physical phenomenon that manifests itself in various ways and can be accompanied by several secondary conditions. It often occurs abruptly and is usually not immediately attributable to a specific event.
For more information on vertigo, see below.
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Vertigo cases in Germany
252.975 cases in 2019
259.304 cases in 2022 ( Forecast )
Causes: Dizzy spells can occur at an advanced age. Children often suffer from vertigo, but it disappears once the vertigo organ is fully formed. Various diseases can also trigger dizzy spells, including epilepsy, heart disease, migraine and others. Types of dizzinessThere are different forms of dizziness, such as spinning dizziness, staggering dizziness, elevator dizziness and second dizziness. SymptomsVertigo means that the patient can no longer feel solid ground or that he or she is unable to move. he is unable to correctly classify his position in space. His surroundings seem to rotate or move. Treatment: The family doctor will refer the affected person to various specialists, such as a neurologist, otolaryngologist or orthopedist, depending on the suspicion. The therapy depends on the diagnosed condition and can include medication as well as specific gymnastic exercises and lifestyle adjustments.
Nearly one third of the world's population experiences a serious dizzy spell at least once in their lives. About ten percent of medical patients report suffering from vertigo. The causes are manifold. Not easy to determine.
Although vertigo attacks belong to an interrelated complex, they often differ seriously in their individual manifestation. They can occur for seconds, but can also last for longer periods of time. Chronic vertigo is also not uncommon.
What are the causes of dizziness? The causes of dizziness are manifold. Not always easy to locate. On the one hand there are age-related vertigo symptoms. Especially in the middle years of life, many children suffer from dizziness while traveling via ship or car. After the sense of balance has fully developed, these complaints often disappear again during puberty.
With increasing age, the ability to process external impressions in the brain as quickly as possible decreases again. Therefore about 30 percent of over-65s experience frequent attacks of vertigo while only one in six of those under the age of 65 complain of severe attacks. Such vestibular vertigo occurs when the brain is overloaded with information from the vestibular apparatuses (balance apparatuses) and the eyes and cannot evaluate it in time.
On the other hand, subliminal disease patterns are responsible for misperceptions in perception. dizziness occurs, for example, as a side effect of vestibular epilepsy, acoustic neuroma (benign tumor of the eighth cranial nerve), heart disease, or migraines. Other causes can be found in Fluctuations in blood prere (both too high and too low) or blockages of the cervical spine. Blockages of the upper cervical vertebrae in particular cause cervical migraine, which results in severe headaches and attacks of vertigo.
Disease causes of dizziness:
– brain diseases such as tumors – complaints along the cervical spine – extreme blood prere and heart disease – epilepsy – migraine
A third type of dizziness is caused by extreme physical conditions. These include an increased Alcohol or drug consumption, Hyperventilation as a result of an anxiety disorder or a Pregnancy. Often dizziness also arises from psychological factors. Many people imagine that they are suffering from serious illnesses and mention dizziness during the examination. These are intensified by the supposed certainty of being incurably ill. What are the different types of dizziness. What are the symptoms? Affected people may suffer from dizziness for the same reason. But not every symptom is shared.
The Rotational vertigo is the most common form of vertigo. It mostly occurs after the consumption of alcohol. The affected person feels disturbed in his perception and believes that the world is spinning around him. The spinning dizziness impairs the sense of balance and leads to the onset of nausea. This is why this type of dizziness is often accompanied by vomiting. However, spinning dizziness is not only caused by alcohol consumption, but also in the morning after getting up, or after the body has been subjected to rapid rotations (z.B. when riding a merry-go-round).
At Vertigo Affected persons have problems walking in a straight line. Symptoms persist even if the sufferer remains stationary. While spinning vertigo has more of a horizontal effect, in staggering vertigo the sufferer believes the ground is being pulled out from under his feet. Vomiting and malaise are also possible here, but much less common.
The Elevator vertigo resembles staggering vertigo. However, the patient does not feel as if a solid floor is being lashed away. Rather, he believes that there is no floor at all and that he is in an elevator that constantly slides up and down.
The Secular vertigo can manifest itself in several ways. With this type of dizziness, the symptoms disappear as quickly as they arrived. It can combine symptoms of the other types of vertigo. Cannot be precisely attributed. Characteristic is the rapid flare-up of symptoms.
How is dizziness treated?
Dizziness sufferers should first consult their family doctor if the symptoms keep recurring or no longer disappear. If the doctor is unable to identify a cause for the condition, the patient is referred to a specialist, depending on the family doctor's suspicions. If a psychological or cerebral background is suspected, the patient is referred to a neurologist; if dizziness is suspected due to problems with the cervical spine or other blockages, the patient is referred to an orthopedist. Ear, nose and throat specialists are also involved in the treatment of dizziness.
First, the respective doctor takes a picture of the patient's history (anamnesis). This usual procedure can be positively influenced by the patient, who tries to classify and interpret his symptoms already before the examination. This makes it easier for the doctor to determine the nature of the vertigo. Usually the doctor examines the pulse and blood prere, if necessary he also carries out an ECG. Such routine examinations serve to rule out obvious causes such as blood prere disorders, heart problems or anemia.
In subsequent neurological tests, balance is tested. A common method is to have the patient stand on one leg with his eyes closed. Gait tests complement the procedure. In addition, the doctor can resort to a series of hearing tests. Since the sense of balance has a similar neural pathway to the brain as the sense of hearing, problems with balance can also be identified here. In some cases, brain waves are also measured.
There is no blanket treatment method for vertigo problems. Depending on the diagnosis, the patient is treated individually. Severe vertigo attacks are treated acutely with antivertiginosa (drugs against vertigo).
In the case of circulatory disorders or high blood prere, regulating medications are used. sports can also help. Especially in case of problems with the cervical spine, physiotherapeutic treatment is considered. By loosening and strengthening the spine, the central nervous system is also stabilized. The nerves are released from tension. thus no longer cause disturbed perception.
In the case of disorders of the vestibular system, specific exercises are prescribed to improve coordination and promote balance. Accompanying balance exercises not only train the organs of balance, they also ensure that the brain can better cope with vertigo conditions.
In addition, the patient is often responsible for his or her own dizziness. In many cases, increased consumption behavior (alcohol, nicotine, drugs) or a poor diet have a negative effect on brain performance. A healthy lifestyle not only promotes resistance to disease, it also prevents dizzy spells.