Bacteria in the eye these are the symptoms and treatments

Bacteria in the eye can cause infections in the different sections of the eye. This is often associated with redness, pain and swelling for those affected. Now it is important to act quickly before the bacterial infection spreads further. Here you can find out what types of bacterial infections there are and how they can be treated.

bacteria in the eye these are the symptoms and treatments

Basic information about bacteria in the eyes

Bacteriology is a crucial aspect in ophthalmology, as some infections of the eyes are specifically caused by bacteria. The types of bacteria differ as well as the diseases and symptoms they cause.

Bacteria in the eye: These are the symptoms

On average, bacterial infections of the eyes are rarer than inflammations due to other causes, but bacteria in the eyes have more serious consequences. Affected individuals often complain of:

– Red, sometimes purulent eyes – Reddening of the conjunctiva (tunica conjunctiva) – corneal ulcers – deterioration of vision – painful swelling of the eyelids – swollen lacrimal glands

If you experience one or more of these symptoms, it is possible that your eyes are affected by bacteria. Therefore, be sure to consult an ophthalmologist quickly: If left untreated, bacteria in the eye can lead to permanent, serious damage to the eyes lead. Bacterial infections can be the cause of the following diseases:

– Corneal and conjunctival inflammation (conjunctivitis) – Inflammation of the interior of the eye as well as the orbit – Eyelid abscesses – Inflammation of the lacrimal glands and the lacrimal sac

Why do bacteria get into the eyes?

Often bacteria cause staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus or pseudomonas the eye inflammation – but also tuberculosis or syphilis are possible causes.

To protect against bacteria, the eye has various mechanisms: these include the eyebrows (supercilia), the eyelashes (cilia) and the eyelids – they prevent the penetration of, for example, dust or perspiration. The eyelids protect the eyeballs to a special extent, as they are located directly above them. The so-called eyelid closure reflex also prevents the penetration of foreign bodies – the eyelid is automatically blinked 5 to 10 times per minute. This distributes the Protective lacrimal fluid like a windshield wiper on the Cornea (Cornea). The function of the tear fluid is to moisten the conjunctiva and cornea and to disinfect the eyes.

If this natural protective function of the eye is disturbed, bacteria can settle in the eye. Bacterial infections are often associated with Autoimmune diseases, dry, irritated and irritated eyes closer. The latter conditions can be caused, for example, by long screen work, dry air, cosmetics, smoke, dust, drafts, chlorinated water or dirty contact lenses.

Bacteria in the eye: treatment must be fast

In most cases, bacteria that have entered the eye are treated with antibiotic preparations such as eye drops or ointments treats. It can happen that several substances have to be tested first, because some bacterial strains have developed resistances. In severe cases of bacterial infections of the eyes, antibiotics in tablet form are also prescribed.

Depending on the type of bacteria in the eye and the symptoms, further treatment may be necessary: For example, if foci of pus such as abscesses have formed, these are opened. Inflammation faster. Heals better. If the lacrimal sac is inflamed, often a Eye surgery carried out.

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