Bark lichen impetigo contagiosa grindflechte kinderaerzte im netz

Impetigo contagiosa is a highly contagious bacterial disease of the skin that usually occurs on the face, hairy scalp, arms or legs. But also the ear canal or the nasal mucosa can be affected. Especially small children are affected by this skin disease.

Transmission

The bacterial pathogens of the common bursa belong to the streptococcus family or to the staphylococcus family, whereby infections with both pathogens frequently occur at the same time.

In case of bornavirus, skin contact with other children must be avoided (© dalaprod – Fotolia.com)

The pathogens are transferred from the skin of the infected person to the skin of other persons by touch. Transmission occurs not only through direct skin-to-skin contact, but also via objects that have come into contact with the pathogens on the skin of the infected person (toys, towels, combs, clothing). Therefore, the disease often spreads very quickly, especially in groups of children.

As a rule, the first signs of the disease appear 2 to 10 days after infection. Through touching and scratching, the pathogens are often distributed over the entire body, including the nose and ear area – this is referred to as a smear infection. Heat can additionally promote the spread of the infection.

symptoms& Disease pattern

Pus-filled blisters form on the initially slightly reddened skin, which quickly burst open. The yellow scab typical of the disease then appears. Affected are usually head, face and / or extremities

Diagnosis

The pediatrician and adolescent doctor can usually already diagnose the disease from the typical appearance, in addition, a bacteriological smear can be performed.

Therapy and prevention

In mild forms, local treatment with antibiotic ointments or an external antiseptic can be tried, but often it is necessary to take an antibiotic. The infected child should wash his hands frequently. Do not bathe with other children. His nails should be kept short. The infected person should keep the towel and comb separate from the towels and combs of other family members and contacts. In general, all contact persons should wash their hands more frequently than usual. According to the Infection Protection Act, children suffering from impetigo must not be allowed to visit community facilities such as kindergartens, etc.

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