Seeing blood in a dog's feces can be a frightening experience for even the most experienced dog owner. Fortunately
many causes of blood in the feces of dogs treatable, In case your pet needs immediate veterinary care. To be able to help your furry friend diagnose your dog's ailment, it is best to note down his symptoms.
Among the most important symptoms to notice is whether the stool has characteristics of Hematochezia or melena shows. Depending on where the bleeding is coming from, your dog's stool will look different, either with fresh blood or a tarry black appearance.
Do not give your dog medication for diarrhea (e.g. Imodium) without first talking to your veterinarian.
Types Of Bloody Dog Stools
blood in the feces of a dog will either as Hematochezia or Melena categorized . While both symptoms are blood in the stool, the origin and appearance are very different ies. Here we talk about the different types. What they can cause.
Hematochezia is characterized by the Presence of fresh blood in the stool due to bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract . The fresh blood may be mixed with the feces or expelled alone. In addition to producing bloody stool, your dog may have diarrhea, show a change in bowel habits, exhibit abdominal pain, or even have a fever, depending on the reason for your dog's hematochezia. In dogs Hematochezia a symptom of many different diseases.
Parvovirus (CPV) is a highly contagious virus that mainly affects dogs. This virus is spread by indirect and direct contact and leads to death in over 91% of untreated cases. But why does this cause bloody stools?
The gastrointestinal tract is most affected by CPV. A healthy intestine has villi, tiny finger-like projections that increase the surface area of the intestine. Villi have their own microvilli, which can be easily replaced with new cells made from Lieberkuhn's crypts. Canine parvovirus targets this crypt. Without new mobile production, the villi become inefficient. Cannot absorb nutrients. More specifically, this breaks the barrier between the intestinal bacteria from the blood. This leads to the fact that the diarrhea of your dog Becomes bloody and full of bacteria, leading to widespread infection.
If you notice signs of CPV in your pet, take it to the vet immediately. Your veterinarian will perform an ELISA test to look for viral antigens on your dog's stool. From here, getting treatment done quickly will greatly improve your pet's prognosis. Most dogs receive aggressive fluid therapy, antiemetic medications and antibiotics. It is possible for dogs to develop secondary pneumonia from parvovirus disease, so your veterinarian may recommend a chest x-ray to rule out this complication.
Watch for signs of parvovirus.
Various Worms can cause bloody diarrhea if the infestation is high. Hookworms, for example, attach to the lining of the small intestine, where they absorb the bloodstream and break up blood cells. This causes inflammation in the intestines in addition to abdominal pain and nausea. In severe cases, blood may be present from the infected dog's stool. Blood in a dog's feces can also be caused by other parasites like Giardia . Giardiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Giardia species . This parasite attaches itself to the intestinal wall of the host and multiplies in the intestine. This causes the host's white blood cells to attack injured cells from the intestines. Because of this, your dog's intestines become more pliable, resulting in blood in the feces.
Other complaints that cause hematochezia include:
– Coccidia – Isospora – Tritrichomonas fetus – roundworms – whipworms
If you suspect your pet has intestinal parasites, be sure to contact your veterinarian immediately. Your veterinarian can examine a stool sample by fecal flotation. If parasites are detected, your veterinarian may prescribe an antihelminthic to combat gastrointestinal parasites in your dog. In rare cases, your dog may need a blood transfusion to treat severe anemia.
Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) is a disease caused by is characterized by acute vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Bloody diarrhea often has a foul odor. Leads to acute hypovolemia. The intestinal mucosa becomes more permeable, allowing blood and proteins to enter the dog's intestines. Because of the severity of these symptoms, HGE can be fatal if left untreated. Unfortunately, the cause of the disease is unknown today. Suspected causes include hypersensitivity to food and abnormal reactions to bacteria. Also, for unknown reasons, HGE seems to be more common in tiny breeds like miniature poodles and miniature schnauzers.
The clinical signs of HGE are Very similar to those of canine parvovirus (CPV) And your veterinarian can perform a parvovirus evaluation to rule out CPV. Your veterinarian will treat HGE by administering intravenous fluid treatment to replace the amount of fluid lost. With the treatment, your dog's prognosis improves immensely, so make sure you take your beloved pooch to the vet right away if you have any problems!
Melena is caused by Marked by black tarry stools, typically as a result of an upper gastrointestinal bleed. If your dog shows melena, his feces will fly back, be tarry, and feel sticky. In acute situations, dogs using Melena may have anemia or low blood prere. But what causes Melena?
Use of NSAIDs
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are analgesics that are Are used to help relieve your dog's pain. Your dog may be prescribed NSAIDs to control conditions like osteoarthritis and relieve pain after surgery. Such NSAIDs include meloxicam (Metacam) and firocoxib (Previcox). But why do these useful medications cause blood in a dog's feces?
NSAIDs Interfere with mucosal protection in your dog's gastrointestinal system, By decreasing the success of the mucus-bicarbonate barrier. They do this by interfering with the action of cyclooxygenase (COX) pathways on your dog's body. Stomach acid can cause damage due to this disorder. In general, NSAIDs can irritate the stomach lining and cause ulcers and perforations (holes) in the upper digestive tract. This may cause your dog to have tar-like, bloody stools.
If prescription medications cause your pet to experience unwanted side effects like melena, let your veterinarian know. Your pet may need a lower dose of the medication or may need to be switched to a different one.
Bleeding disorders in dogs can be congenital or acquired. Defects in your dog's blood clotting proteins manifest as delayed bleeding and deep clots. Platelet deficiencies, on the other hand, appear as small bruises, nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding and dark stools. Acquired thrombocytopenia is common in dogs. Thrombocytopenia due to immune system dysfunction can lead to Cause petechiae, bruising, nosebleeds or bleeding into the intestines, resulting in black stools. Similarly, rickettsial disease causes severe platelet reduction leading to nosebleeds, bleeding gums and intestinal bleeding. This induces melena.
There are numerous reasons for bleeding disorders in dogs.
Some bleeding disorders can be treated with corticosteroids such as prednisone. These medications suppress the clearance of antibody-coated platelets. So possibly increase platelet function. They also help improve the function of the lining of the blood vessels. The treatment of thrombocytopenia requires the Eliminate possible triggers, provide supportive treatment and correct the anemia.
Stomach cancer is cancer that develops in the lining of the stomach. Early signs of stomach cancer include abdominal pain, nausea and loss of appetite. As cancer progresses, dogs may experience Show weight loss, difficulty swallowing, and black stools. Unfortunately, many stomach tumors in dogs are malignant. Cancerous tumors often continue to grow. Can spread to other organs in the body. Over time, cancerous tumors impair intestinal function, increasing the risk of ulcers and intestinal obstruction. Ulcerated tumors can lead to intestinal perforations, also known as holes in the intestines. As a result of this perforation, dogs with stomach cancer often have tarry, black stools.
If you suspect your dog has stomach cancer, it's important to see a veterinarian right away. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination of the animal. This may consist of diagnostic imaging such as an x-ray or endoscopy. In addition, your veterinarian may want to do a complete blood count to. Suggest a urinalysis. If stomach cancer has been confirmed, Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of approaches.
Treatment of Bloody Dog Stool
The very first thing you should do if your dog has bloody feces would be, Your veterinarian to call. Your veterinarian will ask you for details about your pet's symptoms so you can examine the two types of bloody dog feces to help explain what your pet is going through. This will also help your furry friend diagnose your dog's condition.
Make sure you keep an eye on your pet's condition while you wait for your appointment. If your dog is Has difficulty breathing, vomits profusely, has a fever, and generally seems extremely unwell, this indicates that your pet has a serious condition that requires immediate veterinary attention.
Frequently Asked Questions About Blood In A Dog's Stool
Would you like to know anything else about the blood circulation in a dog's stool? For more information, see our frequently asked questions section. If you are not sure, always ask your veterinarian for advice.
Is bloody diarrhea in dogs a crisis? Bloody stools are not a medical emergency, it Unless followed by other worrisome symptoms. These include vomiting, lethargy and extreme pain or suffering. It is best to call your veterinarian to explain the situation. They will probably ask you to make an appointment as soon as possible. In addition, you may be asked to collect a sample of your pet's condemned feces for evaluation.
Get ready for your appointment on Best a few notes that might be relevant.Note anything unusual about your dog rubbing his butt on the floor, loss of appetite, or signs of pain, such as z. It is also very important to monitor your dog's bowel movements. Is there anything else to look for besides blood? Does your dog strive or look painful when going to the toilet? These notes will help your pup diagnose your dog more quickly.
If your dog shows any other worrisome symptoms, inform your veterinarian immediately.Your veterinarian will likely ask you to bring your pet in as soon as possible. Many diseases that present with bloody diarrhea have a better prognosis if treated promptly, such as z. B. Parvovirus and hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. It is also dangerous for your pet to have diarrhea for an extended period of time, as dehydration can set in quickly.
Why is my dog pooping blood and mucus?
Dog feces often contain mucus. Mucus is a mucus-like substance produced from the intestines to lubricate the colon. In healthy dogs, mucus is often the result of dead cells being shed from the intestinal lining, and this is a normal process. However Excess mucus points to a medical condition. If you regularly notice mucus in your dog's feces, see a lot of mucus, or locate it along with blood, it's best to make an appointment with your veterinarian.
As with hematochezia and melena indicates Mucus in the stool indicates diseases such as intestinal parasites, irritable bowel disease, cancer or colitis. The likelihood that a congenital condition is to blame increases dramatically if you also find blood in your dog's stool.
How to treat blood in the stool of a dog? The treatment of hematochezia and melena depends strongly depends on the cause of the bleeding of your Dog from . This is because many different diseases can cause blood in a dog's stool. To find out where your pet's bleeding is coming from, your veterinarian will perform a complete physical exam.
If your veterinarian suspects your dog has intestinal parasites, a fecal flotation test can be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Fecal flotation can be used to identify the type of parasite. From here Your veterinarian may treat and prescribe antihelminthic medication for your dog , to eradicate the parasites.
If your veterinarian suspects your dog has tumors in the gastrointestinal tract, diagnostic imaging can go a step further. Your pet is likely to be diagnosed for X-ray, endoscopy and a complete blood count taken. Treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. Sometimes first other medical conditions should be ruled out, Before treatment can be continued. For example, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis presents similarly to canine parvovirus (CPV), but treatment differs.
What to feed a dog with bloody stool?
Based on the reason for the condemned bowel movements Of your dog, your veterinarian may recommend changing your pet's diet . A change in diet is often recommended to treat or alleviate your dog's symptoms.
For example, if your dog is diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease, a change in diet may help relieve symptoms. The recommended diet is generally hypoallergenic or easily digestible. If your dog is diagnosed with stomach cancer, your veterinarian may suggest a different diet for the pet. To combat weight loss due to stomach cancer, the normal diet is high in fat, high in energy and low in carbohydrates.
Dog feces contains a certain amount of mucus.
If you discover blood in a dog's feces, don't be alarmed. Many conditions are treatable or manageable, and it's important to stay calm and take your dog to the vet right away. Make sure to record your pup's symptoms and whether his stool is characteristic of hematochezia or melena.