Bone cancer: what are the causes, symptoms and treatments?
Bone cancer is a
serious disease, even though it is quite rare in adults, accounting for less than 1% of all cancers. Bone pain or fractures can be a clinical sign of bone cancer. What are its causes and symptoms?
A malignant bone tumor is a type of cancer that affects any bone in the body. It often affects the long bones of the arms and thighs, the spine, and the pelvis. There are 2 types:
– primary bone tumor that grows directly into healthy bone – secondary bone tumor that originates in another organ and then spreads to the bones
Bone tumors rarely cause death, but they can be dangerous and require treatment. Some types are benign, that is, they are not carcinogenic, and others are malignant. But benign tumors can also grow. Affect the bone structure.
Malignant and cancerous tumors can spread in the body.
What are the types of bone tumors??
There is different types of bone lesions. Some types affect more children, others more adults. Some of these lesions appear as spots on imaging studies but are not considered true tumors; they are benign.
Some of the most common malignant bone tumors are:
The Osteosarcoma Is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in childhood and adolescence. It mainly affects the bones of the knees, shoulders and hips.
The Ewing's sarcoma Affects mainly children, adolescents and young adults. The bones most commonly affected are those of the thighs, arms, legs, and pelvis.
Chondrosarcoma mainly affects adults. It is a malignant tumor that forms cartilage. It mainly affects the bones of the thighs, arms and pelvis.
What causes bone cancer?
We still don't know what causes most bone tumors. Doctors believe that the disease starts with a defect in the DNA of the cells that causes the cell to grow and divide. This buildup forms a tumor that can invade nearby areas and spread to other parts of the body.
Certain situations Can increase the likelihood of disease:
– Genetic syndromes, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma – A pre-existing bone disease, such as z. B. Paget's disease, which mainly affects adults and the elderly – exposure to high levels of radiation, such as those z. B. Be used in the treatment of previous cancers
People with cancers of the kidney, breast, prostate, lung, digestive tract, and thyroid are at higher risk for secondary bone tumors.
What are the symptoms of bone tumors?
Among the Symptoms of bone cancer may include:
– Bone pain – Swelling and tenderness near the affected area – Fatigue – Unwanted weight loss – Fever
If any of the above symptoms occur, a doctor should be consulted. The specialist for this cancer is Rheumatologist.
What are the treatment options for bone cancer?
The Treatment options In bone tumors depend on the type, stage, general health of the patient and his complaints. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these methods.