Breast cancer understanding the disease phytodoc

Understanding the disease: Breast CancerMammary carcinoma, or breast cancer, is a common malignant ( malignant r) tumor of the glandular functional cells of the mammary glands. The malignant tumor usually originates from the milk-forming cells of the mammary gland or the cells of the milk ducts. It can spread to the regional lymph nodes and via the blood to the bones, liver and lungs.

Frequency

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women. Currently, every 9. woman in industrialized countries from a breast cancer. 85% of cases are diagnosed after the age of 40. Diagnosed at the age of. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common type of carcinoma, accounting for 60-80% of cases.

Lifestyle, especially smoking, plays a significant role in the risk of developing breast cancer. Today's common therapy is often afflicted with considerable side effects, permanent and late damages and is therefore unsatisfactory. In particular, there is a suspicion of frequent underuse, overuse and misuse in breast cancer. There is an urgent need to find methods, not only for breast cancer, to distinguish dormant, relatively harmless forms, where occasional check-ups would suffice, from aggressive and invasive forms. It is particularly important to better recognize the causes of cancer.

Causes

The cause of breast cancer is still unknown, but the following risk factors may be important in its development:

1. Early first period (menarche) or late last period (menopause) 2. Positive family history (i.e., cases of breast cancer in the family) 3. Late first pregnancy or childlessness 4. Western lifestyle with little exercise, lots of animal fats in the diet, too few fruits and vegetables, hardly any soy products, high exposure to environmental pollutants and harmful (long-term) stress 5. Hormone therapy with estrogens 6. Regular alcohol consumption and smoking 7. According to the concept of psycho-neuro-endocrino-immunology, there is evidence that although cancers cannot be triggered by mental processes alone, they can play an important role. Based on personal observations, breast cancer (similar to prostate cancer, which is also hormone-dependent, in men) often appears to remain dormant for extended periods of time in transitional stages that do not yet correspond to an invasive cancer. Unfortunately, after "early detection", these are treated just as harshly as already invasive cancers, since in early stages there is hardly any possibility to distinguish between the different forms, and then lead to a "success" of cancer therapy (after sometimes harsh, invasive therapy, which might not have been necessary at all). However, if lymph node or even distant metastases are present, it is unlikely that a dormant form is still present. In this case, however, therapy often comes too late. The psyche now appears to be a factor that can transform dormant forms of cancer into more active, u.U. gradually converts invasive forms as well. More often diagnosed shortly after traumatic events such as death of close relatives, divorces u.a. an invasive breast cancer in patients observed for the first time. The dilemma in cancer therapy for many types of cancer is to distinguish between dormant and dangerous, invasive forms and not to over- but also not to under- treat.

Prevention

In addition to leading a healthy and active lifestyle, every woman can do her part to prevent breast cancer by having a breast exam from the age of 20. Examine their breasts themselves every month for any changes before the age of 18. The first days after menstruation are best for this, as the breast is soft at this time. But how exactly should one proceed with palpation?

1. First look at your breasts in the mirror. Your arms should be against your body. Has the appearance of the breasts changed? Pay attention to the shape, size, skin and nipples. If you notice redness or if a secretion comes out of the nipple? Do you have pain or is the breast sensitive to prere? 2. Then stretch your arms in the air. Are skin folds, retractions or bulges visible from the front or side? 3. Now comes palpation: press each nipple between your thumb and index finger. If a secretion comes out, look for the color (milky, watery, bloody?). 4. Then examine the breast extensively by hand. It is best to feel each breast from the outside in a clockwise direction. If indurations or nodules can be felt? Do you have a particularly sensitive reaction in one area? 5. The same as point number 4 is now done lying down with the arm resting against the body. 6. The armpit should also be examined. Palpate it both with the arm stretched up and with the arm hanging down. Do you notice any changes?

If you notice any changes in your breasts, you should inform your gynecologist immediately. Do not delay a visit to the doctor! The earlier breast cancer is detected, the better it can be treated!

Course and complications

Forms

You can divide breast cancer into different groups:

A. May be invasive (penetrating) or noninvasive. Proceed from the milk ducts. They occur most frequently.

B. They can be invasive or non-invasive. Proceed from the glandular tie.

C. Other invasive carcinom e:

Papillary, medullary, tubular and squamous cell carcinoma

Complications

Can spread to regional lymph nodes and through the blood to bones, liver and lungs. If such daughter tumors ( metastasis n) occur, life expectancy is. Overall prognosis for cure usually much worse. Metastases often lead to pain. Local displacement phenomena. In the case of lung metastases, coughing is common, hemoptysis less common. In brain metastases, a wide variety of neurological symptoms can occur, depending on the location. Headaches, epileptic seizures and changes in character are common. Bone metastases can lead to "pathologic" (as opposed to injury-explained "physiologic") fractures, which usually occur without adequate trauma and are difficult to heal. Bone reinforcement with metal (osteosynthesis), radiation (radiatio) and treatment with bone-strengthening and metastasis-inhibiting drugs (bisphosphonates) are usually required.

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