Cauda equina syndrome in dogs – how to help your dog!The Cauda equina syndrome in dogs is a degenerative neurological disease. This means that the disease is caused by wear and tear of the intervertebral discs or the spinal cord. of the spinal column caused. Due to this wear and tear, severe pain up to paralysis is caused. Which dogs are often affected by cauda equina syndrome and how to treat this disease, you will learn here!
Cauda equina syndrome in dogs – a degenerative neurological disease
What is cauda equina?
In the spinal cord of the dog there is a spinal canal. Nerves run through this canal, which are located at the end of the spinal cord, in the area of the transition between lumbar vertebra and sacrum, leak. These emerging nerve roots are called cauda-equina, because the emergence of the nerves looks like a horse's tail (cauda-equina = lat. horse tail). The transition between the lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum is the most mobile part of the spine. The intervertebral disc between these two vertebrae is therefore particularly strong strains. The lumbar-cruciate area is affected during walking. Jumping of the dog constantly exposed to stress.
Due to advanced age of the dog and a very active life, this can lead to signs of wear and tear lead. As a result, the disc presses against individual nerves in the spinal canal, which can lead to paralysis. Another consequence of this wear and tear can be arthrosis. Overweight and overloading, can promote these factors.
Which dogs are often affected?
Cauda equina syndrome often affects older dogs. The disease mainly affects dog breeds that have heavier than 20 kg are. Among them are the German Shepherd, the Giant Schnauzer, the Husky, Doberman, Rottweiler and Boxer.
What are the symptoms of affected dogs?
The symptoms of cauda equina syndrome develop only insidious. Therefore, they are often overlooked by the pet owner or accepted as signs of aging. Typical symptoms of cauda equina syndrome in dogs include:
– Pain when standing up – dog does not want to jump into the car – does not want to climb stairs – jumps only reluctantly – refuses obedience at obstacles – bending up the tail is painful – abraded claws
All these symptoms are due to movements in which the lumbar vertebrae-cruciate region heavily loaded becomes.
As cauda equina syndrome progresses, mild lameness to paralysis of hind legs occurs. Also uncontrolled urine- resp. Defecation due to muscle atrophy is due to cauda equina syndrome.
How is cauda equina syndrome diagnosed in dogs??
In order to diagnose the cauda equina syndrome, often a X-ray image performed. If this X-ray does not lead to an unambiguous result, the nerve can be examined by means of a Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging a clear diagnosis can be made.
Cauda equina syndrome: treatment
In cases where only pain symptoms are present, the conservative method can be used to treat the condition first. The dog is strictly Box rest prescribed. In addition, the dog is given medication with anti-inflammatory properties administered. The success of the therapy depends on the dog. If the horse can be stopped from excessive movements, there is a higher chance of success.
In severe cases of cauda equina syndrome, surgical therapy is necessary. Thereby an attempt is made to Eliminate prere on the cauda equina. This can be done by removing the vertebral arch, removing diseased parts of the spine, or stabilizing the lumbar-cruciate area.