Color: white with black or brown spots. Puppies are born white
possible diseasesDeafness, urinary gravel, allergies, low purine diet is necessary
FCI Group 6, Section 3: Running dogs, bloodhounds and related breeds
The origin of the Dalmatian is unclear, the theories are varied. Dalmatian-like dogs can already be seen on several thousand year old Greek frescoes as well as Egyptian pharaonic tombs. There is also the theory that the Dalmatian originated in Croatia (Dalmatia), but also Italy, England, Turkey and North India are discussed as possible origins. Genetic tests suggest a relationship to pointers, which would speak for England. How the Dalmatian got his name, is not handed down. It is also disputed whether the Dalmatian or his ancestors were ever used for hunting purposes. However, the question remains open, what could have been his original task instead. It could be a companion dog, which was also used for guarding stables and hunting small pests on farms. When traveling, it may have served as an enduring companion to a rider or carriage, taking on the task of guarding at night. Against this speaks that the Dalmatian has no undercoat and can therefore hard weather little to oppose.
It is certain that since the end of the Middle Ages the Dalmatian was popular in European noble houses and generally in the higher society. Especially in England he was also a companion of carriages. In the USA he was used as a "living siren" and to keep stray dogs away from fire engines, when they were still pulled by horses. Still today he is the mascot of the American fire department. In 1890 a uniform standard was established. The Dalmatian recognized as a breed. The breed experienced a boom after the movie "101 Dalmatians". Since it has never done any breed good to become a fashion dog, it is gratifying that the demand has returned to a normal level. Today he is a popular companion and family dog, without a special field of activity.
The Dalmatian has generally a friendly, open nature, but shows depending on the situation also good guard dog characteristics. He is above all a persevering runner, but he is also easily enthusiastic for games and eager to learn. He is sensitive and attentive to people, he is not suitable for hard training under duress. Nevertheless, he definitely brings the will to act independently. Can occasionally show some stubbornness.
Despite the fact that he was probably never used for hunting, some Dalmatians bring hunting instinct with them. Good education and training nevertheless allow free running.
In the 1970s, after the boom of the movie 101 Dalmatians, some representatives of the breed were noticed for their aggressive or nervous behavior. These traits are actually foreign to Dalmatians. To lead back on purely profit-oriented breeding.
The Dalmatian is an adaptable, humorous and active companion dog, which as such fits well into a lively family. He needs in any case close family connection with much speech and occupation. He is not suitable for outdoor keeping also because of his thin coat. As a rule, it is child-friendly, but children should not regard it as a toy because of its rather sensitive nature. Visitors are reported, but aggressively or fearfully a Dalmatian does not react. Good breeding and environmental acclimatization provided.
Bred to be able to accompany carriages for days, it needs a lot of exercise. A garden is in no way a substitute for a daily walk with him, preferably for several hours. Besides, he is eager to learn, playful and agile enough to do dog sports. Also for Clickern, search games or Dog Dance he can be inspired. Training as a rescue dog is also possible. Of course, it is ideal to let him run along on the horse or bicycle or to take him jogging with you.
Unfortunately, there are some health problems typical of Dalmatians. About 4% of puppies are born deaf. A good breeder will have an audiometric examination done to test the hearing before the puppies are given away.
It is important to note that Dalmatians have a disturbed uric acid transport system, which is why urinary stones form more quickly. As a preventive measure, one can pay attention to a low-purine diet. A lot of purine is z.B. in fish, yeast and offal. If necessary, a special diet plan should be discussed with the veterinarian. This makes sense especially if allergies are added, which unfortunately are also common in Dalmatians.
Tendentally, Dalmatians also suffer from immunodeficiency more often than other breeds. Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, as they are z.B.