Diabetes symptoms of diabetes network news

About one in eight Germans affected by diabetes: Diabetes mellitus, popularly known as "diabetes," affects about 13 million Germans. However, about half of those affected are unaware of their disease. Type 2 diabetes in particular is often difficult to recognize on the basis of specific diabetes symptoms. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by a gradual progression. This makes it especially dangerous with regard to secondary diseases. Diabetes symptoms can easily be masked by age or lifestyle factors. Fatigue, for example, occurs more frequently in older people without necessarily indicating diabetes.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the uptake of glucose into the cells is disturbed. This leads to the accumulation of glucose in the blood, i.e. to elevated blood glucose levels. As a result, increased thirst, increased urination and fatigue can occur. The causes leading to the development of diabetes are still not clearly understood. Heredity, autoimmune disease and even external influences, such as a viral infection, are discussed as possible causes of disease.

What types of diabetes are there??

Doctors distinguish between two basic types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes type 1 occurs predominantly in childhood and adolescence before the age of 25 years. This is why it used to be called juvenile or adolescent diabetes. The cause of juvenile diabetes is thought to be an autoimmune disease that leads to the destruction of the insulin-producing cells (the islet cells) of the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes must always be treated with insulin, which is injected subcutaneously into the subcutaneous fatty tie.

Diabetes symptoms of diabetes network news

Typical insulin injection to treat type 1 diabetes. Photo by Jill A. Brown under a CC BY 2.0 license on flickr.com.

Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes, usually develops after the age of 40. In the meantime, physicians are increasingly observing a spread of adult-onset diabetes even among children and young people. The causes of this "honey-sweet flow" are unexplained. A genetic, hereditary predisposition seems to favor the disease. Overweight, unhealthy diet and lack of exercise can also lead to diabetes.

Weight reduction, regular exercise and sport, and a balanced diet often improve blood glucose levels or, in certain cases, lead to the complete disappearance of the metabolic disease.

A special form of the sugar illness occurs during the pregnancy. Gestational diabetes (pregnancy diabetes) anticipates adult-onset diabetes. Usually disappears completely after birth. For the mothers it is usually harmless. However, the child can be harmed because, although it grows very large very quickly, it is born with "immature" organs, for example, lungs that are not fully functional. All women who had gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes 20 years later at the latest, according to statistical studies.

Symptoms of diabetic disease

Acute, unexplained weight loss, increased urination, thirst, fatigue and a drop in performance can indicate diabetes. Itching, poorly healing wounds on the feet, dry skin, increased tendency to infection, cramps in the calves, visual disturbances and ravenous hunger as well as acetone odor of the breath are also common symptoms of diabetes.

Pronunciation variants and origin: diabetis or diabetes

Is it called diabetes or diabetis? Often in common parlance you hear diabetis instead of the correct pronunciation "diabetes". Diabetes mellitus comes from Greek. Means something like "honey-sweet flow. Before modern diagnostic methods for determining blood glucose were available, diabetes mellitus was determined by a sample of urine. This had a sweet taste in diabetics.

Tips: how to lower blood glucose levels?

The question now arises as to how the blood glucose level can be corrected in. can be corrected downwards? There are some natural ways, to get the blood sugar under control.

– Overweight and lack of exercise are known causes of type 2 diabetes: regular exercise and continuous weight control are a solution here. It is not necessary to lose a lot of kilos – often 3-5 kg make a big difference, so that the values return to normal.

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