Today the Doberman is often used as a working dog.
Strictly speaking, the Doberman is a Saxon. The breeding of the breed started from the Saxon town of Apolda. Lived here in the 19. Century its name giver Friedrich Louis Dobermann. He wished for a large, strong and slender dog with versatile characteristics. Therefore, he first mated his mongrel bitch with a traditional butcher dog, the forerunner of today's Rottweiler. In the later generations he mixed Pinscher and hunting dogs. A last crossing with a Greyhound provided the elegant, slender physique of the Doberman.
Because of his fearlessness and versatility the Dobermann was already early as Police dog used. As such, he was officially recognized at the beginning of the 1920s. This brought him the nickname of gendarme dog. Use of the brave animals also found in the world wars as ambulance and reporting dogs and for mine search.
In addition, similar to German Shepherds and Airedale Terriers, they served as guard dogs in concentration camps. The FCI officially recognized the breed in 1955. Today the dog breed is often used as a working dog. This could be the use of the police, customs or as a guide dog for the blind.
Is a Doberman a list dog?
In Germany, the Doberman is a list dog in the state of Brandenburg. In Switzerland it is completely banned in the canton of Valais. Listed as a dangerous dog in nine other cantons.
Nature& Character of the Doberman
The reputation of a fearless dog with a certain basic aggressiveness precedes the Doberman. In the federal state Brandenburg is the Doberman therefore as dangerous dog listed. In the Switzerland the breed is generally considered dangerous. Breeding, keeping and importing are prohibited in the canton of Valais. Nine other cantons also have the Doberman as a listed dog.
Due to the variety of dog breeds in its ancestry, some aggressive animals are among its ancestors. With the original keeping and imprinting as Guard and protection dog the Doberman has kept this characteristic for a long time.
In the meantime breeders attach more and more importance to a though mindful and courageous, but friendly and harmless Character. Who buys a puppy from a responsible breeder today, receives an animal that is not aggressive at all. However, with wrong attitude this original characteristic can appear again.
As with only a few breeds, breeders of the Doberman pursue different breeding goals. Some breeders focus on the typical traits of a guard and protection dog. They preserve characteristics such as medium sharpness and irritability threshold for the use of the animals as police and military dogs and as alert guard dogs.
Other breeders specifically take care to select only parents with friendly and balanced nature to mate. Their work is aimed at the creation of peaceful and fond of children Family dogs from. Before buying, interested parties should therefore first inquire about the explicit goals of a breeder.
The Doberman is basically:
– loyal – affectionate – friendly – cuddly – courageous – self-confident – fearless – open-minded – curious – eager to work – alert – sensitive – perceptive – temperamental – intelligent
Other characteristics that distinguish a Doberman are its good Apprehension, a high readiness for action as well as medium sharpness and threshold of irritation. While the dog is affectionate and peaceful in the family, it is suspicious of strangers at first. Depending on its individual characteristics, it can clearly show this distrust through erect fur and bared teeth. However, this does not mean that a Doberman will attack people or other animals without reason. Its pack, his family and his territory, however, the dog consistently defends.
Some Dobermans have a pronounced hunting instinct, others show characteristics of a Herding dog. The behavior of the animals can therefore be very ambivalent, so that each Doberman is in some way an individualist.
How much does a Doberman?
In a serious breeder Doberman puppies cost between 1.000 and 1.300 Euro.
Appearance of the Doberman
The Doberman is characterized by a elegant and distinctively muscular physique from. It appears almost square. Shows an overall proud posture. The back falls to the croup. Towards the tail minimally off. Since the high set tail may no longer be docked, it reaches to the heels. the tip of the tail is slightly turned outward in a relaxed posture.
The body structure corresponds to the head of the dog. He is slender. Strongly formed. His medium-sized eyes have an oval shape and a deep brown color. floppy ears the face. Its muzzle is strong. Surrounded by close-fitting lips. The muzzle is strong. Surrounded by close-fitting lips. The end is a pronounced nose sponge in the color of the coat, black or brown.
The Doberman has a short, shiny and close-fitting coat. In most animals the coat is black with distinct russet markings. These are located:
– above the eyes – in the area of the muzzle – on the inside of the legs – at the paws – at the chest – at the throat – in the area of the seat hump
Rarer are Dobermans with dark brown fur. The coat color is also interrupted by rust red markings.
The dogs Move energetically but elegantly and possess straight and strong legs. Males reach a height at the withers of 68-72 cm, while bitches grow only between 63-68 cm. At the same time, the dogs have a weight of 35-45 kg at adult age, depending on size and sex.
How big is a Doberman?
Females grow up to 68 centimeters in height, males up to 72 centimeters.
Impressions of the dog breed
Education& Posture of the Dobermanns- That is to be considered
The Doberman is a rather large and very active Dog. His posture requires sufficient space and exercise. A house with a garden in a rural environment suits its temperament. Like most dogs, Dobermans are not like to be alone. They feel comfortable in families where there is always one person by their side. If the dog is left alone often and for a long time or has to live outside in a kennel, it can show aggressive behavior. So the place for his basket is in the house and in the middle of the family.
Dobermans are fond of children and love to romp around. Due to their weight and size, the children of the family should already be a little older. small children should not be with the dog unobserved. You do not have the necessary empathy in dealing with the animal. Can inflict pain on him under certain circumstances. The dog's reaction to it is difficult to predict.
A Doberman is not a dog for beginners in dog keeping. He needs a continuous consistent education and clear limits. If its owners do not pay attention to the observance of the boundaries, the intelligent and extremely adaptive animal will quickly show its own self-confidence. He then decides for himself what is right or wrong.
The Doberman has a pronounced Protective instinct innate. It is therefore important to limit it in education. Otherwise, the dog can turn to a spicy. Develop aggressive animal. The same happens if the education lacks the necessary empathy. Dobermans need with all consequence a loving education method. This includes praise and reward when the dog shows the desired behavior. punishments and loud insults are out of place, if he does not succeed once. A decisive tone without increased volume is enough to criticize his misbehavior.
Since the Doberman is a very sensitive Dog is, he reacts quickly to the behavior of his owner and reflects it. If he behaves nervously and insecurely in the role of the pack leader, this is transferred to the dog. Therefore it is all the more important that Reference person sovereign and calm acts. In this way it makes clear to the animal that it can feel safe and be guided.
As animals that love to work, Dobermans need a task to Physically and mentally well exercised to be. Several hours Walks belong to the daily program for dog and owner. In this case, it is not enough to walk next to the dog. Rather, it makes sense to always include small games and tasks in the walk. An ideal complement is the active performance of a dog sport.
The habituation of the Doberman to its environment and the Socialization begin already with the breeder. Both should be continued in a puppy school after moving into the new home. Here the dog gets the necessary contact with peers of the same age and gathers his first experiences. Can the Doberman with cats. Living together with other small animals?
With early habituation, living together with other animals is usually unproblematic.
Nutrition of the Doberman
As an active and vigorous dog, the Doberman requires a nutritious and high quality food. He eats dry-. Wet food. The dogs can also be fed very well with raw meat in the sense of the BARF. Supplemented with vitamins, this form of feeding offers the optimal large meat content. Likewise, a varied diet with fresh, cooked meat and dry food and a little vegetables is healthy for the dogs.
As a snack, dog biscuits with a high meat content, such as rumen bread, are suitable. Dried meat and chews made of beef skin are among the favorite treats of most dogs. The following foods are not suitable for the Doberman and some of them are even poisonous:
– chocolate and foods containing cocoa – raw pork – pork bones – cooked bones in general – tomatoes – eggplant – raw legumes – raw potatoes
These ingredients are especially important to watch out for when Dobermans are given food scraps or fed from the table. Bones dogs should only small amounts receive, since they Constipation cause. In addition sharp-edged splinters hurt the dog.
The Doberman maintains a relaxed relationship with the amount of food and tends therefore not to overweight. The daily food ration should be divided into two meals. After eating, dogs need a quiet period to eliminate the risk of gastric distress that exists in all large dogs.
Health – life expectancy& common diseases
The average life expectancy of a Doberman is between 10 and 13 years. It depends on the optimal conditions of keeping and a good diet.
Unfortunately, the breed tends to various, sometimes serious diseases. These include:
– Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, heart dilatation, heart muscle weakness) – Pulmonary stenosis (narrowing of the pulmonary artery) – Skin diseases such as folliculitis – Zinc deficiency – Elbow joint dysplasia – Blue Doberman syndrome (Alopecia, skin disease) – Wobbler syndrome (spinal disease) – von Willebrand disease (blood clotting disorder) – Congenital vestibular syndrome (disease of the inner ear) – Dancing Dobermann disease (neurological disease) – Hypothyroidism
In particular DCM is with the Dobermann widespread. The heart disease is attributed to genetic causes. Due to slackening of the heart musculature, the heart beats weaker and tends to cardiac arrhythmia. The disease usually occurs without previously recognizable symptoms. Leads to death within a short time.
The Blue Doberman syndrome occurs exclusively in dogs with gray-blue coat. This coat color is created by special breeding, which is forbidden in Germany as torture breeding. Symptoms are atrophy of the hair follicles and consequently severe hair loss, cracked and dry skin, eczema and inflammation.
The Dancing Doberman Disease is a rare disease that affects only Dobermans and Pinschers. Due to the neurological disease, there is initially a weakening of the hindquarters and later to paralysis symptoms. The dog develops a prancing gait, which gives this disease its name.
Another, often congenital condition is the Pulmonary stenosis , A narrowing of the pulmonary artery. The heart increases pumping power to compensate for reduced blood flow. As a result, the right ventricle of the heart dilates and the Doberman can suffer from poor performance and a lack of energy Cardiac arrhythmias suffer. The treatment of pulmonary stenosis can be Operation take place, but it is much more important that the dog's diet is adapted. This relieves the metabolism. The heart can work better.
The coat of the Doberman has no undercoat. In wet and cold conditions, the dogs freeze easily and do not like to go out of the house. They should therefore wear a coat in winter.
Care of the Doberman
The short, smooth coat of the Doberman needs little care, especially since it has no undercoat. It is enough to make the dog to be brushed off two or three times a week. Dirt. removes plant debris from the coat. In addition, dead hair comes off, so that the Doberman in general can only little hair. The claws need attention when the dog rarely walks on asphalt or paved surfaces. They wear out less then. Have to be cut back occasionally. The claws should not protrude beyond the pads.
Doberman – activities and training
The agile Doberman needs very much movement. To exhaust the dog. Promote a balanced nature. The strong dogs are also suitable for running next to the bike. In order to challenge the animal mentally as well, during the walks tracking games, retrieving games or small games of hide and seek useful. After a subsequent rest, it can then be at home with Intelligence games go further. In this way a Doberman loves his daily routine.
Dog sports are also a good way to exercise the dog. Dobermans enjoy the following sports:
All sports challenge the dog physically and mentally. Thus they contribute to its optimal utilization.
Good to know: Special features of the Doberman
Dobermans already played in many films an important role. The "boys" Zeus and Apollo were regularly featured in the crime series "Magnum". A more inglorious role played by Dobermans Laurel. Hardy in the episode "Murder by Phone" of the crime series "Columbo". In the film "The Doberman Gang," six trained Dobermans assist a bank robber. The voracious movie cat Garfield declares the Doberman Luca his enemy in the movie.
The Dobermann dog is the only German dog breed that named after its founder is.
Disadvantages of the Doberman
The disadvantages of the breed consist, on the one hand, in the fact that, due to breeding, water is the high susceptibility to disease as well as in the Breed problem. Education urgently necessary. A badly behaved Doberman can make its owner. Putting other people in uncomfortable situations. A badly behaved Doberman can cause its owner. Putting other people in uncomfortable situations.
How dangerous is the Doberman?
Although some governments classify the Doberman as a dangerous dog, the breed is not fundamentally dangerous. With wrong attitude and education the natural sharpness of the dog can come into the foreground. This can make a Doberman dangerous.
Does the Dobermann suit me??
The Doberman feels at home in a active Family well. He actively protects small children. With bigger children he romps full of joy. To satisfy its high urge to move, the Doberman needs very active people.
Its owners must several hours a day for exercise provide. Associated with this is a great Time expenditure. Dog-experienced people who want to live together with a Doberman should consider all these aspects before they decide for this breed.
The Doberman has a high urge to move and loves to romp around.
For whom is a Dobermann suitable?
The breed is still widely used by the police and in military operations. Due to its versatile properties, the Doberman is also suitable as a guide, rescue or therapy dog. Depending on the genetic preconditions. The socialization Dobermans are popular family dogs.