Self-confident, fearless and vigilant – the
Doberman is a faithful companion and protector. Even Doberman puppies need expert guidance and people who appreciate his sensitive character.The Doberman is a versatile all-rounder, but is primarily used as a guard dog and working dog. As a family dog the breed is fond of children and affectionate, but you should keep in mind that the breed has a pronounced hunting behavior. Therefore it is very important to be well informed before thinking about buying a Doberman.
Doberman (dog breed) – FCI classification
FCI group 2:
– Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molosser – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer With working test
Country of origin: Germany
FCI standard number: 143
height at the withers:
Males: 68-72 cm Bitches: ca. 63-68 cm
Males: 40-45 kg Bitches: ca. 32-35 kg
Usage: Companion dog, guard dog and working dog
History and origin
If you want to understand the Doberman as a breed, you have to know its history. So it happened that in the 19. Century Friedrich Louis Dobermann bred "his" dog breed by purposeful mating. According to tradition, he was a tax collector and city dog catcher, the dogs served him as guard dogs, guarding the house and yard.
An important role in the breeding of the Dobermann was played at that time by the so-called "butcher dogs", a breed that was already very well bred for those times and is considered the forerunner of today's Rottweiler. Later the dog breed was used as service dogs because of its nature, in hunting they were increasingly responsible for the fight against predatory game.
Nature and behavior
The Doberman is considered to be extremely alert and determined, at the same time he is sensitive. This breed is not for inexperienced or comfortable people, as he needs employment and consistent-loving and appropriate education.
The breed is very intelligent and docile, and should therefore also be well exercised physically and mentally. Although he has a strong protective instinct, he is a loving and friendly dog. Who understands his nature, gets with him a demanding companion, which is equally well suited for various dog sports.
The breed is of medium size, strong and muscular build. Its coat is easy to care for, but offers little protection from the weather. Tail and ears are set high – docking is now banned in most European countries.
Most know the Doberman in black and russet. However, the Doberman brown is a color variety accepted by the FCI. The rust-colored brand is clean and is located on the muzzle, as "cheeks" and eyebrows, on the throat, on the chest, on the middle feet and paws, inside the hind legs, on the buttocks and ischial tuberosities.
The Doberman also appears in blue again and again. This color is a lightening of the black Doberman, which is caused by the dilution gene.
In the Doberman such a lightening leads in very many cases to the "Blue Doberman Syndrome". A disease that leads to hair loss and dry and cracked skin. Therefore the "blue breeding" is forbidden. Falls under the torture breeding ban in Germany.
The health of the dog is relatively robust. However, diseases can certainly occur, some of which are due to errors or. Ignorance in the breeding are due.
The Doberman has a predisposition to Wobbler syndrome, in which severe damage to the spinal cord in the cervical spine is observed. Further diseases are the congenital vestibular syndrome, a hereditary disease of the inner ear with balance disorders and deafness, the Doberman cardiomyopathy, a genetic disease of the heart muscle.
By docking is meant a surgical procedure in which the ears and/or tail of the dog are shortened. In the past this was already done on puppies of many different breeds and even required in the breed standard.
"Today, the amputation of body parts is prohibited according to § 6 para. 1 sentence 1 of the Animal Welfare Act in Germany prohibited. The docking of the ears is already forbidden since 1986. When twelve years later the animal protection law was amended, the legislator also included a docking ban for dog tails", it says on the part of the German Animal Welfare Association. "With the enactment of the Animal Welfare Dog Ordinance on 1. September 2001, it is also forbidden to show dogs whose ears or tail have been completely or partially amputated in order to achieve certain breed characteristics, or to hold exhibitions with such animals."
The Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection additionally points out that "since 2012, the import, acquisition, placement and transfer of docked dogs that were bred after 1. dogs born in Austria since January 2008 are forbidden.Bringing dogs born in Austria abroad to have them docked there is also forbidden.Thus one met the problem that dogs are brought by breeders only therefore abroad, in order to be imported then as docked animals again to Austria."
Buy Doberman – but where and how?
When buying a puppy, there are several things to consider. "If you are considering getting a Doberman, you should definitely go to experienced trainers and controlled breeders. The basic rule for first-time dog owners is that they definitely need help, because the Doberman is a fast, clever dog that already wants to take the lead," explains Ms. Eberstaller of the Austrian Doberman Club.
Did you know that there are also "Doberman skiers"? You can even find the Nordica Dobermann Spitfire on Amazon.