You have noticed white or yellow dry dandruff on your dog's coat? Your dog scratches more often and leaves dandruff on his dog bed or on the carpet?
If dandruff occurs only occasionally in your dog and he otherwise appears healthy and vital, this is usually not a cause for concern. Persistent or severe dandruff, sometimes with itching, can be an indication of health problems. should consult a veterinarian. Which treatment options can be considered.
Can dogs get dandruff like a human?
Yes, just as in humans, dandruff also occurs in dogs. Dandruff is dead skin cells on your dog's coat. The dog usually suffers from dry skin and scratches more often, so that the dandruff comes off.
Depending on the color of your dog's coat, the dandruff can be difficult to spot. Often they are only discovered on the couch or the dog bed.
While in humans dandruff usually appears on the head, in dogs it is often found on the back, belly and armpits. Especially the region towards the tail is often affected. The Dandruff in dogs are usually yellow or white flakes. If a dog has dandruff, it can appear on the entire coat or only in certain areas.
What are the causes of dandruff in dogs? Dandruff in dogs can be caused by a variety of factors. Any breed or mix can be affected.
As a rule, dandruff in dogs is a secondary disease, triggered by other primary causes.
It can be harmless or even natural processes like a change of coat. More commonly, however, dandruff is caused by either environmental factors or an underlying condition.
It can be harmless short-term skin changes act, for example, triggered by seasonal or. change of weather, as well as a change of coat. This can occur repeatedly, but should be treated after approx. 5-10 days have subsided.
Seborrhea / Seborrhea
In some cases they are dandruff, which points to a genetic disease can be attributed to a condition known as primary seborrhea. Primary seborrhea is very rare and is inherited.
There are two forms of seborrheic dermatitis: seborrhea sicca (dry seborrhea) and seborrhea oleosa (oily seborrhea). In dogs, a combination of both forms can occur.
Certain breeds are particularly prone to seborrhea:
– Cocker Spaniel – West Highland White Terrier – Basset Hound – Doberman – English Springer Spaniel
Sometimes we do not know what triggers the seborrheic dermatitis, then it is a so-called idiopathic seborrhea (also called spontaneous seborrhea). Dogs where the cause of the scaly skin is unknown can be treated symptomatically to provide relief, and additional treatment can be given if needed. Temperatures drop in the winter. The moisture content of the air. Just as with us humans, this can Dry out the skin. Heating can aggravate the problem. If you notice dandruff on your dog only in the winter months, lack of humidity may be to blame.
If your four-legged friend has once again made every puddle unsafe, the next thing to do is to give him a quick bath. You should however do not overdo it with the bath. Bathing too often can dry out your dog's skin and damage the pH level, as well as the naturally occurring fatty layers of the skin. Dogs should be treated as infrequently as possible. Be bathed as often as necessary. The dog is naturally equipped so that it does not need a bath.
Mites, fleas and other parasites
Cheyletiella mites, also known as fur mites or walking scales, make themselves comfortable in the dog's skin and fur as they lay their eggs. This is called the parasitic disease Cheyletiellosis. Mites are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. They look very similar to white dandruff flakes.
Like other external parasites, e.g. B. fleas, ticks, Demodex and Sarcoptes mites, these uninvited guests live and feed on your dog's skin and cause him severe itching.
The dog usually scratches, bites and licks itself in some places. In addition to dandruff, hair loss and redness can also occur in so-called cheyletiellosis. Cheyletiella mites are extremely contagious. Can be easily transmitted to other pets. In rarer cases they can also infect humans.
Obesity and improper diet
An incorrect or. Improper diet can cause your dog to lack nutrients he needs to keep his skin and coat healthy. With malnutrition, at some point even the last reserves of the dog are depleted and deficiency symptoms such as e.B. Dandruff, itching and dry skin become noticeable.
Make sure your dog is eating a high quality, balanced dog food. Especially essential fatty acids such as omega-3s-. Omega-6 fatty acids play an important role in skin health. Besides, water, vitamins, minerals and fat are important building blocks in your dog's diet.
Dogs that are dehydrated can develop dandruff because their skin dries out due to lack of water.
Many dogs may benefit from an additional supply of fatty acids. However, it is important that you consult your veterinarian before giving your dog any supplements.
As you surely know, obesity sets in for your dog Risk for a variety of health problems dar. Poor skin health is just one possible symptom of many.
Bacterial and fungal infections of the skin, z.B. Staphylococcus, can also lead to dandruff. These tiny invaders can also take advantage of your dog's skin weakened by other conditions and cause a secondary infection. Most often, these infections lead to warm patches on the skin or particularly greasy patches in the coat. Regardless of whether the dandruff or skin infection first appeared, bacterial and fungal infections require proper veterinary treatment to restore your dog's skin to a healthy state.
Food and environmental allergies in dogs are very common causes of dandruff. Especially cereals, artificial additives and substitutes, as well as preservatives can cause harmful immune reactions. Affected dogs may suffer from itching at certain times of the year, have chronic ear and skin infections, or constantly lick their paws. So dandruff can also be a symptom of allergy in a dog.
Diseases such as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), autoimmune diseases (pemphigus) and Cushing's disease can cause changes in your dog's skin health. A weakened immune system also makes him more susceptible to secondary infections.
When to see a vet if your dog has dandruff problems
If your dog only has Mild, seasonal or occasional dandruff this is probably not a cause for concern. However, you should make an appointment with your veterinarian if your dog exhibits any of the following symptoms:
– Itching – Hair loss – Odor/stink on the skin – Excessive amounts of dandruff – Red, irritated skin – Other signs of illness or discomfort
The diagnosis of Cause of the dandruff of your dog depends on your dog's exact symptoms and what your veterinarian suspects to be the problem based on a physical exam. Your veterinarian can swab the skin to look for parasites, do a culture to look for fungal and bacterial infections, and/or do a blood test to look for underlying diseases.
Do certain breeds of dogs suffer more from dandruff?
The question is not easily answered, as dandruff is usually just a secondary condition, triggered by a primary cause such as a disease.
There are certain breeds that have a genetic predisposition to dandruff or to a condition that can be associated with dandruff.
This includes the so-called ichthyosis (Greek for "fish" or. "fish scale"). This is a skin condition in which skin renewal is disturbed. The top layer of skin thickens. Dandruff is formed. For example, these breeds are particularly prone to ichthyosis:
– Golden Retriever – Cavalier King Charles Spaniels – Yorkshire Terrier – American Bulldogs
Basically, any breed of dog can suffer from dandruff. There are a great many possible causes that can also cause dandruff in dogs as symptomatology.
Treatment of dandruff in dogs and home remedies
For many dogs, dandruff can be treated at home without veterinary assistance.
Unless the dandruff in your dog is genetic, the Treatment depending on the particular cause. Many tips can also be incorporated into a regular grooming routine integrate.
Severe cases of dandruff require a veterinary treatment. Thus, diseases may also need to be treated with medication.
If you are unsure, please visit your veterinarian with your dog. This can help you determine the cause of the dandruff. To begin the appropriate treatment.
Regular grooming is the cornerstone of skin and coat health in dogs and plays an important role in treating dandruff. Due to an continuous coat care you support your dog in cell renewal and blood circulation of the skin.
Brushing your dog helps to distribute the excess oil in his coat so that it does not accumulate on the skin. In addition, this removes dead hairs.
Brush your dog thoroughly once a day. In long-haired dogs, spraying with water can help to reduce the static charge.
Apple cider vinegar can also be dribbled into the coat, as this binds the dead skin particles and loosened hairs better and thus they can be removed more easily.
Alternatively, grooming sprays for dogs can be used.
Special dog brushes can also help to better remove the dandruff and already loosened fur. Brushing also promotes blood circulation, which in turn can help the regeneration of the skin.
You should, however, consult with your veterinarian beforehand to make sure that the care products you use do not have any other negative effects on your dog's other treatments. A bath is recommended for dandruff outbreaks as well as bacterial. Fungal infections often helpful. Once your vet has determined the cause of your dog's skin problems, they can prescribe an appropriate medicated shampoo. These are usually Shampoos especially for dry skin.
Follow the instructions on the bottle carefully. Some shampoos must act several minutes on the dog to develop their effect. Also be mindful of how often your dog should be bathed, as bathing too often can dry out your dog's skin and either worsen current symptoms or cause additional problems.
Rinse your dog's coat thoroughly after each bath, whether you use a medicated shampoo for dandruff or a normal shampoo for grooming. Many shampoos can irritate the skin if not rinsed off.
Your vet may also recommend giving your dog fatty acid supplements such as Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids to administer. Per kg of body weight of your dog can usually be fed at least 35 mg of omega-3 fatty acids. Always be mindful when choosing a supplement, as these products are not as strictly regulated as medications. Again, it's best to follow your veterinarian's recommendation.
Pay attention to a balanced nutrition, which corresponds to the nutrient need of your dog and is also suitable for the respective phase of life of your quadruped.
Food should Free of artificial additives his. In case of a change of food, you should not do it abruptly, but gradually, because the change of food can be challenging for your dog.
Place sufficient fresh water available. It is best to distribute several water bowls in your home, so that your four-legged friend always has access to it.
Some dog owners also give valuable linseed oil in small quantities (1-2 drops) into the dog food, since this can have a positive influence on the body-own oil production and a healthy skin.
Use of a humidifier
Using a humidifier in your home or apartment can be beneficial in the winter or when the air climate is dry (for both humans and dogs).
The steam can contribute to soothe dry skin and moisturize to make your dog feel more comfortable and less itchy. An optimal indoor humidity is about. 40-60%. For measurement you can use a so-called hygrometer, which can be purchased for under 10 €.
Treat other health conditions
In addition to home care to the Treatment of dandruff your dog must also be treated for other diseases. This may include antibiotics for bacterial infections, antifungals for fungal infections, steroids and/or immunosuppressants for immune disorders, as well as allergy testing and other medications. Once the underlying condition has been treated, your dog's skin will also be much healthier and dandruff free again.
Ask your vet
In case of a conspicuous dandruff infestation or if you are unsure, please always ask your veterinarian. The veterinarian can diagnose the causes through different examinations and derive specific treatments.