Ear mites in dogs – symptoms, treatment& PreventionDogs are plagued in the course of their lives by various parasites such as fleas, ticks or even mites, including ear mites. Dog owners should therefore know how to recognize ear mites in their dog in order to be able to provide your pet with rapid relief through the appropriate treatment.
You can find out which symptoms ear mites cause in dogs and how to treat and prevent them in our guidebook. To ensure that your beloved four-legged friend receives the best possible care, not only in the event of an ear mite infestation, dog owners should take precautions with Helvetia's dog health insurance policy. This is also available to assist you in the treatment of ear mites, so that you can concentrate fully on the welfare of your dog.
In our guide, you can find out what symptoms ear mites cause in dogs and how they can be treated. On our product page you will find all information about a possible cost coverage for treatment of ear mite infestation.
Ear mites can only be transmitted from dog to dog!
What are ear mites?
The ear mites, scientific name Otdectes cynotis, belong to the mange mites. These mites are found worldwide and specifically colonize the ear canal of carnivores, where they cause the so-called ear mange. Otodectes cynotis belongs to the non-host specific mite species. This means that ear mites do not only affect dogs, but can occur in any animal species. Thus z. B. transmission from cats to dogs is also possible. Ear mites occur mainly where many animals live together, for example in animal shelters or on farms.
Ear mites go through different stages of development. After infestation, the female mites stick their eggs to the skin in the external auditory canal and the auricle. Within three weeks they develop from the egg to the larvae stage to the adult mite. All developmental stages of Otodectes cynotis feed on tie fluid, blood and skin cells.
Where can the dog get infected with ear mites??
Ear mite infestation is very contagious. Ear mites are transmitted by direct contact with an infected animal. Ear mites occur very often in young dogs. This is due to the fact that often dog mothers with ear mite infestation transmit the parasites to their puppies. However, ear mites can also be passed from puppy to puppy. Ear mites are particularly common in cats. If the animals live together in one household, a transmission of the ear mites from the cat to the dog is also possible. In rarer cases, the infection with ear mites in dogs occurs through earwax and crusts that are shaken out of the ears of animals with mite infestation.
Are ear mites in dogs contagious to humans??
Some mite species found in dogs, especially mange mites such as the Sarcoptes mite, are also highly contagious to humans. If there are signs of mite infestation in the ears of their four-legged friend, many dog owners wonder whether ear mites are also transmissible from dog to human. However, there is no reason for dog owners to worry, because ear mites are not contagious to humans. However, if there is a dog with mite infestation in the household, it should be ensured that hygiene is particularly thorough. This is how you can prevent other animals living in the house from getting infected with the mites.
Recognize ear mites in dogs: These symptoms occur
Ear mites cause various symptoms in the dog.
The mite infestation causes skin irritation and inflammatory reactions in the pinna and ear canal. This is manifested by earwax, inflammatory secretion and blood components. In addition, the excretions of the ear mites can be seen in the ear of the dog, which have a brown-black and friable appearance, similar to coffee grounds.
In addition, severe itching is one of the characteristic symptoms of ear mite infestation. Dog owners can recognize ear mites in their dog by the fact that the animal scratches its ears very often and constantly shakes its head. The itching can also extend to the entire head.Often the inner auricle of the dog is reddened and by the strong and frequent scratching it can come here to wounds.
Often both dog ears are affected, but this does not necessarily have to be the case. In rare cases, ear mites can infest other areas of the body, where they cause allergy-like symptoms on the skin.
If ear mites are not treated, complications can arise. In addition to mite infestation, bacterial infections and inflammations, such as otitis media, can occur, which in the worst case can lead to a rupture of the eardrum.
Also the so-called blood ear (Othamatom) can develop conditionally by an ear mite infestation. The strong scratching in the ear injures a blood vessel, causing bleeding and swelling of the auricle. If these complications show up, you should take your four-legged friend to the vet immediately to initiate appropriate treatment.
How can the veterinarian determine ear mite infestation?
Who suspects ear mite infestation with its domestic animal, should absolutely visit a veterinary surgeon. Because ear mites in dogs are not only contagious for other animals, but can also lead to complications such as blood ear, otitis media with rupture of the eardrum or bacterial infections if left untreated. To determine the mite infestation, the veterinarian first examines the dog's ears and ear canal. The black-brown earwax characteristic of ear mites usually already confirms the suspicion. To confirm the diagnosis, a swab is taken from this mass. Eggs and mites can be made visible under the microscope and an infestation with Otodectes cynotis can be detected without any doubt. If the ear is already severely inflamed due to a secondary infection with bacteria, the mites are usually no longer detectable under the microscope. Then, the diagnosis can be made by the characteristic symptoms.
Dogs with ear mites need the right treatment
In order to get rid of the parasites as quickly as possible and to avoid complications, dog owners should have their dog's ear mites treated by a veterinarian. At the beginning of the treatment, the dog's ears must first be thoroughly freed from the friable earwax. Subsequently, the veterinarian can prescribe various remedies against ear mites in dogs.
Ear cleanerSpecial ear cleaner can be used to loosen earwax and encrustations in the ear, so that the clean ear can then be treated. Mite killing ointments: The active ingredients contained in them not only help to kill mites and eggs, but at the same time relieve itching. Spot-onsEar mite infestation is often treated with a local antiparasitic agent, the so-called "ear parasite". Spot-ons, treated in the neck of the dog. In case of accompanying inflammations in the ear, anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial ear drops are used. – More severe secondary infections will with antibiotics if necessary Treats.
Since ear mites are very contagious, all animals living in the household should be treated with mite remedies in consultation with the veterinarian. In some cases, animals infected with ear mites show no symptoms, but are still contagious. Therefore, it is essential to clarify with the veterinarian whether treatment of other animals living in the household is necessary. In order to successfully treat ear mites in dogs, it is important to use the prescribed preparations for a sufficiently long period of time in order to kill all developmental stages of the parasites.
Can ear mites in dogs be treated naturally?
Many dog owners would like to spare their quadruped a treatment with strong preparations and active substances and therefore ask themselves the question whether ear mites can be treated also naturally with the dog. However, incorrect or insufficient treatment of ear mite infestation can lead to complications and aggravation. Therefore one should take the infestation with ear mites with the dog absolutely first. Immediately consult a veterinarian at the first occurrence. In consultation with the treating veterinarian, natural remedies can then also be used in addition to the prescribed preparations against the mites. This should be discussed in advance, so that the effect of the mites is not weakened or disturbed by the home remedies. For a dog with ear mites, the following home remedies may possibly help alleviate the symptoms:
– Olive oil has a disinfectant and germicidal effect and can assist in cleaning the ear. Coconut oil also has an antibacterial effect. Exudes an odor unpleasant for the parasites. – If you want to treat ear mites in your dog with homeopathy, you can z. B. Use Silicea Globules. However, it should be discussed with the veterinarian whether these means can have a benefit in the individual case.
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Bottom line: here's how to prevent ear mites in your dog
If ear mites in dogs are noticed and treated early, worsening of symptoms and complications can be avoided. Of course, it is even better if the ear mite infestation can be prevented. With regular ear care you can prevent ear mites in dogs. Therefore, dog owners should regularly check and clean the ears of their four-legged friend. Special ear cleaners are also available from the vet for this purpose.
By regular care of the dog's ears, abnormalities that indicate a mite infestation are noticed at an early stage. To avoid injury, cotton swabs should not be used to clean the ears in any case. Instead, it is recommended to use a soft cloth. Mites in dogs can also be prevented by preparations with acaricidal active ingredients. Similar to prevention against ticks, tablets or spot-on preparations can be administered for this purpose. In addition, dog owners should make sure that their pets receive all important vaccinations to reduce susceptibility to infections caused by parasites. Even the most thorough care. However, precaution cannot exclude ear mites in dogs. Then it is important to start as soon as possible with the correct treatment of the mite infestation. In this case, it is worthwhile to take precautions with a dog insurance, to give your pet the best possible treatment in case of emergency, without worrying about the cost. Because with your caring care and the right insurance, your four-legged friend is well taken care of in any case.