Ehrlichiosis in dogs symptoms treatment kanyo

Ehrlichiosis was previously equated with anaplasmosis. Therefore, both diseases are colloquially known as "tick fever". Ehrlichiosis is primarily transmitted by the tick species brown dog tick. Ehrlichiosis is a common disease of dogs from the Mediterranean region, respectively. a typical vacation disease of dogs that have been taken there. The disease is caused by bacteria that are transmitted through the tick bite. The tick must suck on the dog for at least 24 hours for the infection to be successful. The symptoms are most pronounced in dogs with a weak immune system and in puppies.

The stages of ehrlichiosis

Ehrlichiosis in dogs progresses in three phases:

Phase 1: acute stage of ehrlichiosis

About three weeks after the tick bite, the dog enters the acute phase of the disease. Symptoms at this stage include recurrent high fever, mucous nasal discharge, vomiting, shortness of breath and swelling of the lymph nodes. Since there are disturbances in the blood count, the mucous membranes are pale. Nerve disorders such as muscle twitching can also occur with ehrlichiosis. The dog appears weary and apathetic, many animals refuse to eat and lose weight. About a quarter of dogs experience nosebleeds, pinpoint hemorrhages on skin and mucous membranes and poor wound healing. Sometimes fever is the only symptom, sometimes ehrlichiosis is completely asymptomatic.

Phase 2: Dormant phase of the disease

The dog is asymptomatic. If the dog has been able to fight the pathogen, it has recovered. If the pathogen could settle in the body of the dog, it comes to the chronic disease.

Phase 3: Chronic ehrlichiosis in dogs

In chronic ehrlichiosis, changes occur in the bone marrow and blood count. A mild course of the disease in the dog is accompanied by listlessness, lack of appetite and emaciation. Spleen and liver are enlarged. Nose and skin hemorrhages and the storage of water in the joints are indications of chronic ehrlichiosis. In a severe course of the disease, additional damage occurs. Bleeding on the internal organs. In addition, the immune system is disturbed, so that the body's own organisms are classified as hostile and destroyed (autoimmune processes), which can lead to further damage to bone marrow and blood. In addition, every cell in the body can fall victim to the immune system, resulting in brain damage, muscle atrophy, blindness, and nervous damage such as epilepsy. As a gradual, chronic disease, "tick fever" usually leads to the death of the dog over the years.

Ehrlichiosis can be diagnosed with a blood test or a tie sample in the laboratory. Treatment is with antibiotics for several weeks. A vaccine against ehrlichiosis is not available.

Short and sweet

Technical name: Ehrlichiosis

Colloquial Name: Tick fever

Carrier: Ticks (brown dog tick)

Trigger: The bacteria Ehrlichia canis and Ehrlichia ewingii

Incidence: Mediterranean area, rarely also in Central Europe

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: