No longer be able to see properly, even the glasses do not help: a nightmare for millions of people in Germany. When it slowly gets dark, when the colors fade, when the light disappears, when you can only see outlines and reading becomes a torture – then you suffer a great loss of quality of life. The bad thing is: eye diseases can affect all areas of the eye. They usually come on slowly. Very often appear only at an older age.
Those who saw like an eagle when they were young, or mostly up to the age of 40, must now experience that their vision is constantly weakening. But there is hope for almost all patients suffering from an eye disease: most eye diseases can be treated well today. Early detection is important, as well as how to treat the disease. For this, here are some good tips to keep your eyes healthy.
This disease can lead to blindness in many people. The classic symptoms of cataracts: the vision becomes cloudy, the surroundings appear to be obscured. As the disease progresses, the lens in the eye turns gray. At the beginning of the disease, vision deteriorates, patients become increasingly sensitive to glare. In the center of the visual field a kind of fog develops, colors, contours and contrasts fade away. Spatial perception decreases, the diseased person loses the ability to orientate. Watching television or reading becomes an effort. In the final stage normal life is almost impossible for the patient.
2. In rare cases cataract is congenital. Develops in the first year of life. Common sign: Children begin to squint. If you notice this, you must immediately consult an ophthalmologist. If cataract is not detected in the baby and no treatment is given, it can develop into amblyopia. This can no longer be treated once puberty is reached. Mostly, however, cataract disease is age-related. The reason: the older people get, the more the lens of the eye becomes inflexible. This clouds the lens in the eye. Is one of the causes of the disease. Almost everyone over 65 has a clouding of the eye lenses. Diabetes mellitus can also damage the eye. Excess glucose is deposited in the lens of the eye, causing it to swell and become cloudy. Other metabolic problems can also become the cause of a cataract. These include: Calcium deficiency, hyperparathyroidism, excess ferritin in the blood (ferritin is an iron storage protein).
3. How to treat cataracts
Cataracts can only be treated with surgery by an ophthalmologist. It is performed about 700,000 times in Germany and is safe and trouble-free. The opacified lens is removed by the ophthalmologist in a microsurgical operation and replaced with an artificial lens. Neither the retina nor other parts of the eye are damaged in the process.
Glaucoma is one of the most common eye diseases in Germany and is a collective term for various eye diseases that damage the optic nerve and the retina. It usually affects people from the age of 40. It can occur at the age of six, but it can also be congenital. In the advanced stage the retina and the optic nerve are damaged. In advanced disease, the retina shimmers greenish, hence the name glaucoma.
1. Symptoms of glaucoma
In the eye disease glaucoma, the field of vision narrows from the outside inwards. Of the area of the retina where the optic nerve comes off. As a result, a so-called "tunnel vision" develops. People who suffer from glaucoma only see well what is directly in front of them at the time. Everything else, whether or down, right or left, is perceived poorly or not at all. Other symptoms of glaucoma are head-. Eye pain or redness of the eye. When the intraocular prere rises sharply, these symptoms occur:
– Reduced visual acuity – Severe redness of the eyes – The eyeball becomes hard – Nausea and vomiting
In case of a glaucoma attack, the ophthalmologist must be called immediately, because there is a risk that the affected person will go blind. The prere in the eyeball must be lowered quickly.
2. Causes and treatment
If glaucoma is suspected, the eye doctor must examine the eyes thoroughly. The ophthalmologist examines the eyelids, retina, lens, and lacrimal glands. He measures intraocular prere. The thickness of the cornea in the eye. First and foremost, it makes an ophthalmoscopy. He uses eye drops, which dilate the pupils. Without treatment of the eyes, glaucoma inevitably leads to blindness because it continues to damage the photoreceptors of the retina and the optic nerve. Such damage to the eyes cannot be reversed. Glaucoma is one of the most serious eye diseases known to us.
Macular degeneration: avoid going blind?
If you suffer from this eye condition, then it can lead to blindness. As time goes by, your vision decreases more and more. We distinguish between dry and wet macular degeneration. If you suffer from one of these two forms, you must immediately seek treatment by an ophthalmologist. This eye disease is one of the most common diseases of the eye: it affects around seven million Germans. Gradually, the sensory cells at the point of sharpest vision (macula) lose their function, so that those affected can no longer recognize what they are looking at directly.
1. Wet macular degeneration
A wet macular degeneration is noticeable by an increasing shading in the central area of the eye. Vision becomes distorted, straight lines appear crooked, letters become blurred when reading, a false image is transmitted to the brain. In wet macular degeneration, diseased blood vessels form under the retina and secrete moisture. This causes water retention and bleeding under the retina. In this disease of the eye, the doctor regularly injects a drug into the vitreous body of the eye. The active ingredient VEGF antagonist stops the progression of the disease, it can even improve the visual behavior.
2. Dry macular degeneration
Dry macular degeneration is the most common form of eye disease. It is better to treat. Progresses more slowly than the wet variant. The aim is to prevent or slow down the damage of the retinal pigment epithelium in the macula. Zinc and copper oxide and antioxidants such as vitamin C and E as well as beta-carotene are helpful. Vitamins such as B6, B12 and folic acid also have positive effects. Lutein also protects the photoreceptors on the retina from damage UV radiation or aggressive oxygen compounds .