Goldfish information on origin husbandry and food

Goldfish are by some distance the most popular ornamental fish of the Germans. They are purely farmed fish, of which there are now countless species in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Goldfish are considered hardy. Uncomplicated in the attitude. While some species of these ornamental fish are intended for aquarium keeping, others are suitable as pond fish, which even the cold in winter can not harm.

In the following, you will learn everything important about the origin, special features and keeping of goldfish. In addition, we explain the role that the right food plays in the health of the animals. Goldfish belong to the carp family. Are thus counted among the bony fish. Since goldfish have been kept for more than 1.Since they have been bred as ornamental fish for more than 000 years, they now come in numerous different shapes and sizes.

Depending on the species goldfish reach a length of about 35 centimeters. Although the name goldfish actually refers to the golden-yellow to orange coloration of the animals, they also exist in other colorations.

Goldfish species

Goldfish have been cultivated in China since more than 1.000 years as ornamental fish bred. Considering this long period of time it is not surprising that today more than 100 different breeding forms are known.

Particularly popular are, for example, the following goldfish species, which in turn exist in different forms:

– The veiltail with its characteristic split caudal fin – The skygazer with its large, upturned eyes – The lionhead without a dorsal fin and with a conspicuous fat growth on its head

If you are currently looking for suitable goldfish for your aquarium or pond, you should be aware that not all available species are permitted and that in some cases they are not worthy of support as torture breeds.

We therefore recommend that you obtain sufficient information before buying and that you purchase only permitted goldfish species.

How old do goldfish live?

Goldfish are not only considered to be extremely robust. They are also very long-lived. If you pay attention to a species-appropriate husbandry and the animals do not get sick, you can expect an average life expectancy of 20 to 30 years. In individual cases goldfish even reach an age of up to 40 years.

Origin of the goldfish

The goldfish is probably descended from the carp species Giebel, also known as silver carp, which is widespread in Eurasia. The origins of today's goldfish are probably in East Asia. There they were already more than 1.000 years ago, which makes them the second oldest ornamental fish species after the koi.

Goldfish have also been popular in Europe for several hundred years. However, their keeping was initially reserved for wealthy people, but this changed in the course of time. Today there are even feral populations of Carassius gibelio forma auratus, which is the scientific name for goldfish, in some rivers and lakes. Goldfish are quite frugal. Their keeping proves to be uncomplicated. However, it is important to ensure adequate space and good water quality.

Classic goldfish jars, which were in fashion for many years, do not even begin to meet these criteria and also do not offer sufficient oxygen content. Keeping goldfish in a goldfish bowl is therefore a sure way to massively reduce the life expectancy of these actually robust ornamental fish.

Instead, you should purchase a sufficiently large aquarium for keeping goldfish. Sufficiently large in this case means a capacity of at least 200 liters. Keeping them in smaller aquariums is certainly possible. However, it is not appropriate for the species.

In addition, to ensure water quality, it is important to install a three-stage filter suitable for the size of the aquarium. Heating the water is not necessary for keeping goldfish, because the aquarium automatically has an adequate temperature due to the ambient temperature in the apartment.

When keeping larger goldfish intended for garden ponds, it is important to ensure that the water is at least 1.5 meters deep. Because otherwise wintering in the pond is not possible.

Goldfish and diseases

Although goldfish are considered to be very robust and normally have effective defenses, these ornamental fish can of course become ill. Successful treatment of sick goldfish is often not possible in practice.

On the one hand, this is due to the fact that many diseases in fish cannot be treated with medication and, on the other hand, only a manageable number of veterinarians are familiar with ornamental fish. For this reason, prevention and species-appropriate husbandry are essential for goldfish health.

Consider the following tips, among others, to avoid disease in your goldfish:

– Purchase only goldfish that appear healthy and initially keep them in quarantine for a few weeks to prevent the spread of any diseases that may be present. – Do not put the new fish directly into the aquarium after quarantine, but first exchange a little water so that the animals' defenses can adjust to one another. – Do not put your goldfish immediately into an aquarium that has just been created, but give the newly created ecosystem some time to consolidate itself. – To exclude aquatic plants as carriers of diseases to your goldfish, new plants should be disinfected before insertion into the aquarium.

Goldfish diet

Proper feeding is critical to maintaining goldfish health over the long term. Be sure to keep in mind that ornamental fish do not have a sense of satiety, and you are responsible for feeding them the right amount of food.

Give your goldfish only as much food as they can eat in about a minute to avoid obesity and related problems like liver damage. We also recommend that you feed your goldfish smaller rations several times a day, rather than feeding them a large amount of food once a day.

Just like other animals, goldfish appreciate a little variety in their diet. In addition to conventional goldfish food in the form of tabs or flakes, you may therefore also occasionally reach for a little lettuce or frozen mosquito larvae.

Goldfish and aquatic plants

By the way, existing aquarium plants also serve goldfish as a food source. When planting, you should therefore make sure that you do not only use plants that are popular with the fish, such as waterweed, but also stock the aquarium with plants that goldfish do not like to eat.

High quality goldfish food from Aquaris

If you care about the health of your goldfish, Aquaris pond fish food is the right choice for you. The high-quality products optimally supply your goldfish with all necessary nutrients and thus make a valuable contribution to the growth, vitality and resistance of the fish.

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