Many heart complaints belong to the degenerative diseases. This means, on the one hand, that they develop mainly with advancing age and, on the other hand, that their incidence in the population has increased constantly in recent decades. Heart diseases are different and affect different areas altogether. Therefore, a generalization of the phenomena is not possible.
It can be said, however, that heart disease is the most common cause of death in this country. In addition, the risk is closely related to genetic predisposition and one's own lifestyle. Obesity, nicotine, and eating a lot of animal protein increase the risk of eventually suffering from the symptoms. So to prevent these from occurring in the first place, it makes sense to possibly rethink one's diet. Most patients have coronary artery disease, which is caused by calcified arteries.
The blood supplies our body with oxygen by enriching it through the lungs and passing it on from the heart. However, the deposits in the arteries reduce blood flow. Accordingly, a lack of oxygen occurs. A sharp pain in the chest or a feeling of tightness becomes noticeable. A heart attack results from a blocked coronary artery. A heart valve defect also has an effect on the blood circulation.
It is either congenital or acquired later in life and should always be treated. Heart failure usually develops because of another condition, such as high blood prere or a cardiac arrhythmia. Blood congestion may occur. A cardiac arrhythmia is when the number of heartbeats per minute falls permanently below 60 beats or exceeds 100. A doctor should always be consulted. If bacterial infections are not cured, they can be carried over and lead to myocarditis. This in turn may cause sudden cardiac death.
Who can get heart disease?
In general, no one can be absolved of the risk of heart disease. However, there are some factors that increase the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Overweight, the consumption of animal products and lack of exercise have already been mentioned. In addition, other underlying conditions should always be cured or treated appropriately. Otherwise, diabetes, for example, can develop into a further risk of suffering from heart disease. In general, however, complaints in the region of the heart tend to occur in the last third of life. It is unlikely that a very young person suffers from the symptoms.
But already here is the time to focus on proper prevention. Abstaining from various drugs, regular exercise, plenty of fruits and vegetables can reduce the probability somewhat. Unchangeable are however genetic factors, which cannot be influenced. Those who have family members with heart problems may also carry the gene themselves and should be mindful of their lifestyle accordingly.
What are the symptoms of heart disease?
Because there are many heart diseases, the symptoms cannot be generalized. In general, however, due to the location of the phenomenon, there is often a reduced blood flow, which can be noticeable, among other things, by a lower performance and frequent fatigue. Furthermore, chest pain, tightness, and pain that radiates to the arm are common for some heart conditions such as z.b. typical in the case of a heart attack. With physical activity a breathlessness becomes rapidly noticeable. Palpitations, palpitations or nervousness are due to cardiac arrhythmia. Sometimes the heart even manifests itself through pain in the upper abdomen.
How to find the right doctor to treat heart disease
Because therapy is particularly important in cardiac disorders, the physician should be chosen with care. How promising his therapeutic measures are, can often be gleaned from field reports. Nowadays, comparison portals make it possible to take a closer look at the potential physician under certain aspects. For example, a detailed examination is relevant, during which the patient feels that he or she is being taken seriously. In addition, the doctor should inquire about lifestyle habits, previous illnesses and heart complaints in the family. If you can't build up a relationship of trust, it's better to look for another doctor.
How to treat heart disease?
Treatment options vary depending on the disease at hand. In the case of a cardiac arrhythmia, for example, medication is first administered to regulate the heartbeat. If the desired result cannot be achieved, a pacemaker must be used to permanently control the heartbeat. In the case of symptoms caused by a blocked artery, a stent is often used to restore the original blood flow.
This is a small tube that dilates the stenosis and is placed without open chest surgery. If a patient with a heart attack is admitted within an hour, the blockage can usually be resolved with medication. Too high blood prere is eliminated with medication. In this way, it can also be avoided that it leads to further symptoms. A heart valve defect can be alleviated with the help of an artificial heart valve.