For a diagnosis of hypertension, not both blood prere thresholds need to be exceeded. High blood prere exists even if only one of the two threshold values is reached.
Symptoms of high blood prere include pain, a burning sensation or a strong feeling of prere in the chest, shortness of breath, seizures, paralysis or speech disorders (such as those seen in.B. can also occur with a stroke), severe nausea with or without vomiting, blurred vision, nosebleeds, and significant lightheadedness.
How high blood prere develops?
Blood prere rises when the arteries are clogged and the blood can no longer flow freely to supply the body with sufficient nutrients, especially during physical exertion. An unhealthy lifestyle promotes fat deposition. Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) in the blood vessels. These become clogged and lose elasticity, becoming more rigid and tighter. In a healthy person, the vessels respond flexibly to increased cardiac output, adapting to the body's requirements and ensuring optimal supply prere. This is no longer guaranteed in the case of high blood prere. Can cause lasting damage to various organs.
High blood prere and heart attack, how do they fit together??!
Due to the resistance in the vessels, the heart must work harder to continue to supply the organism adequately. The blood prere load on the heart increases, and the heart muscle mass becomes larger over time and cannot function properly due to lack of space. Due to the impaired blood supply, there is no longer sufficient oxygen exchange and parts of the heart die off. If the coronary arteries are not adequately supplied, a heart attack can occur. Over the years, untreated high blood prere can cause lasting damage to other important organs such as the brain, kidneys and blood vessels.
As mentioned above, high blood prere often remains undetected for a long time. Only when the vessels are already damaged and signs such as dizziness, headaches, poor vision, nausea with vomiting, chest pain and shortness of breath become apparent, is elevated blood prere treated.
However, in nine out of ten cases, blood prere can be kept within the normal range with a health-conscious lifestyle and regular blood prere checks, thus avoiding secondary diseases. What exactly happens in your body during a heart attack. What heart attack symptoms you should know about? Read our article The golden hour. Learn more about your heart.