A typical feature of lupus erythematosus is the bilateral butterfly-shaped rash on the face. Additionally, internal organs can be affected by the autoimmune disease. ©stock.adobe. Form of the typical skin rash on the face also known as butterfly erythema. Is an autoimmune disease from the group of collagenoses.
Lupus erythematosus can also affect internal organs (systemic lupus erythematosus). In systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammation develops in the kidneys, heart, lungs and joints. Experts ame that the cause is a genetic predisposition. Risk factors for a disease flare-up in lupus erythematosus are sunlight, stress and hormonal fluctuations. Autoantibodies are diagnostically groundbreaking. Treatment is symptom-oriented.
How does the doctor recognize rheumatism?
With an ultrasound examination, the doctor can easily detect inflammation and effusions in the joints of the hands and fingers. © Africa Studio, Fotolia
Especially in the early stages, rheumatic diseases are often difficult for doctors to diagnose. With symptoms that are often unspecific at the beginning, an experienced specialist is needed to find the right treatment Diagnosis to reach. The basis for this is a detailed discussion between the doctor and the patient, a thorough clinical examination, imaging procedures and, above all, special laboratory tests. In the overall view, it is usually possible to isolate inflammatory rheumatic diseases and to differentiate them from similar clinical pictures.
Muller-Weiss syndrome: Osteonecrosis of the scaphoid bone in the ankle joint
The Muller-Weiss syndrome Is a disease in which bone tie of the scaphoid bone on the skeleton of the foot dies off. The disease affects only adults. Its cause is still unknown. The navicular bone (Os naviculare) is an important bony joint part in the lower ankle joint. If bone tie of the scaphoid dies, the function of the foot is restricted when stepping and especially when walking on uneven ground. If the disease progresses without medical treatment, patients suffer permanent walking disability.
At the Joint Clinic, our experienced foot and ankle specialists examine and treat Muller-Weiss syndrome according to the stage of the disease and the patient's individual situation.
Causes: How does rheumatism develop??
In most rheumatic diseases, experts ame the involvement of genes. © Billion Photos.com, stock.adobe.com
Whether joints, muscles, the skin or internal organs are affected: In inflammatory rheumatism, chronic processes destroy the ties. Today, it is amed that an unknown trigger initially triggers a "normal" inflammation of the tie. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, this can be a z. B. be a respiratory infection.
This inflammation mistakenly leads to an autoimmune reaction, through which new inflammatory reactions are directed against the patient's own tie. The autoimmune reaction becomes chronic and attacks not only the first target tie, but also other body structures. This is the reason why many rheumatic diseases are not limited to the joints and also affect the lungs, kidneys or skin.
What is rheumatism?
Whether shoulder, hands, spine, knee, hip or ankle – rheumatic diseases can affect the body from head to toe. © Axel Kock, stock.adobe.com
Rheumatism has many faces – it is not an independent clinical picture. More than 400 different diseases belong to the so-called rheumatic group of diseases. This includes not only pain of the musculoskeletal system – almost all joints. Organs of the human body can be affected by rheumatism. Since there are many different types of rheumatism, diagnosis is often delayed or inaccurate.
The course of a rheumatoid disease depends greatly on the intensity and quality of care provided. Early diagnosis is crucial. Consistent treatment. Optimal utilization of all available measures requires special knowledge and experience of the treating physician.
What are rheumatism symptoms?
When the long biceps tendon ruptures, shoulder pain and loss of strength in the arm occur. © Anut21ng, iStock
Most Ruptures (tears) of the biceps tendon involve the upper attachment point of the long biceps tendon, which is anchored to the glenoid rim of the shoulder joint. Only rarely is the distal biceps tendon in flexion of the elbow torn.
Overuse, accidents or wear and tear underlie a biceps tendon rupture. Patients suffer from shoulder pain, a significant loss of strength and limited mobility of the entire arm. The orthopedic shoulder specialist quickly makes the diagnosis. Treats the tear of the long biceps tendon mostly with conservative therapies. In the case of persistent pain, the physician has various surgical options at his disposal.